Click here for an overview
of nation-wide results to the Higher Education Research Institute
survey of faculty.
to see a chart showing the greatest sources of stress to Emory
faculty compared to faculty elsewhere.
Academic Exchange October/November
1999 Contents Page
Emory faculty are more likely
than colleagues at other private universities to have received
another job offer during the last two years, according to a 1998
survey conducted by the Office of Institutional Planning and
Research in conjunction with the Higher Education Research Institute
at UCLA. Emory faculty are also more likely to commute a long
distance to work, do research and writing on women or on race
and ethnicity, and be U.S. natives.
Open to all U.S. post-secondary institutions, the survey was
designed to gather timely information about the workload, teaching
practices, job satisfaction, and professional activities of collegiate
faculty and administrators. Nearly six hundred full-time Emory
faculty--32 percent of the full-time faculty body--completed
the survey. The highlights summarized here compare Emory responses
against those of a group of faculty at five other private universities:
Carnegie-Mellon, Johns Hopkins, MIT, Princeton, and Stanford.
standards. More than three-quarters
of Emory faculty say the tenure standards for research or publication
have been communicated clearly to them. More than half, however,
find the communication of standards for university service either
very uncertain or somewhat uncertain. Compared to men, women
faculty at Emory tend to think the standards for research and
publication are communicated somewhat less clearly.
academe. During the past two years,
42 percent of Emory respondents considered leaving academe for
another job. These faculty tend to be in business, law, and medicine.
attitudes. Overall, Emory respondents
support the tenure system, with sixty percent disagreeing with
the statement, "Tenure is an outmoded concept." As
might be expected, disagreement with this statement is lower
among untenured faculty; weaker support of tenure also tends
to characterize law, medicine, and nursing faculty.
Retirement. Twenty-nine percent at Emory and 19 percent
at other private institutions considered early retirement over
the last two years. Correspondingly, fewer faculty at Emory (33
percent) than in the comparison group (48 percent) plan to work
beyond the age of 70.
When asked if they would "do
it over again," 76 percent of Emory respondents and 83 percent
of the comparison group would still want to be a college professor.
At Emory, male faculty and full professors are more likely than
female faculty and colleagues at lower ranks to answer a definite
Collaboration. While most published scholarly work elsewhere
is produced in collaboration, faculty at Emory are more likely
to publish alone. Forty-two percent of Emory faculty publish
most or all of their work alone, 19 percent with one other person,
and 38 percent with two or more people.
and social goals. Emory faculty
have a relatively higher appreciation than their counterparts
elsewhere for social and moral goals in guiding undergraduate
teaching. Emory faculty differ from their counterparts by almost
twenty percentage points in valuing goals such as "preparing
for responsible citizenship" (62 percent versus 43 percent)
and "instilling commitment to community service" (40
percent versus 22 percent).
Western tradition. Emory faculty
are more likely than those elsewhere to agree that Western civilization
is the foundation of undergraduate education and that colleges
should be involved in social problems.
styles. Emory faculty are more likely
than others to use class discussions, multiple drafts of written
work, computer-aided instruction, and readings on women/gender
and racial/ethnic issues. The biggest gaps occur in the use of
extensive lecturing and teaching assistants. At Emory, only 10
percent of respondents reported using teaching assistants in
most or all of their undergraduate classes, and 40 percent said
they lecture extensively. The corresponding percentages for other
private universities are 44 and 58, respectively.
philosophy. Emory respondents tend
to attach a somewhat higher importance to "developing a
meaningful philosophy of life," "helping promote racial
understanding," and "integrating spirituality in life."
Politics. Approximately half of Emory faculty describe
themselves as liberal, one-third as middle-of-the road, 13 percent
as conservative, and 4 percent as far left. Analysis by school
reveals a significantly higher proportion of self-identified
liberals in law and theology than in the rest of the schools.
priorities. Enhancing the university's
"national image," "promoting intellectual development,"
and "increasing/maintaining institutional prestige"
are perceived by more than 85 percent of Emory faculty as being
the top institutional priorities. The proportions of Emory faculty
who see "developing community among students/faculty"
and "facilitating community service involvement" as
high or highest priority (53 percent and 41 percent) are considerably
higher than at other private universities (38 percent and 25
equity. Emory faculty are slightly
more likely than their counterparts elsewhere to feel that faculty
of color, women faculty, and gay/lesbian faculty are treated
fairly at their institution. They are also more likely to believe
that their colleagues are interested in students' problems (65
percent at Emory, compared to 53 percent in the comparison group).