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Celebration of Emory Authors on December 2, 2004

The Academic Exchange, the Office of the Bookstore Liaison, and Druid Hills Bookstore are co-sponsoring a reception in celebration of Emory faculty authors and editors of books in 2004. All faculty are invited to join us on Thursday, December 2, 2004, at 4:00 for wine and cheese in the Druid Hills Bookstore, 1401 Oxford Road. Copies of a newly compiled list of 2004 Emory faculty authors and editors of books will be on hand. We hope to make this event an annual tradition.

Please RSVP to Tiffany Worboy, tworboy@learnlink.emory.edu, or 712-9497.


Irish Poet Kerry Hardie to Deliver Reading

Irish poet Kerry Hardie will read from her work Tuesday evening, November 16, at 6:00 p.m., in the Jones Room of the Woodruff Library. A reception and booksigning will follow. A previous recipient of the Hennessey Award for Poetry and the UK National Poetry Award, Hardie has just received the Lawrence O'Shaughnessy Award for her third volume, The Sky Didn't Fall (2003). The reading is sponsored by the Irish Studies Program, the Hightower Lecture Fund, and the Friends of the Library.


Virtual Reality Training Key to Reducing Medical Errors

According to an Emory researcher, many medical errors could be avoided by training physicians with interactive, three-dimensional visualization technology instead of on patients. In a recent article in the British medical journal The Lancet, Christopher Cates, Director of Vascular Intervention at Emory University Hospital and Emory Crawford Long Hospital, noted that virtual reality (VR) training could reduce medical mistakes that are estimated to cause 44,000 to 94,000 deaths annually in the U.S. Many of the mistakes, argues Cates, result because physicians in training learn invasive procedures under the supervision of a more experienced colleague.

"The radically novel skills required for minimally invasive surgery or interventional cardiology are so difficult to learn that the standard type of training is simply no longer acceptable," Cates says. "While minimally invasive procedures have advantages for patients because they cause less trauma, they make the operator's job more difficult. You can't see and feel tissues directly, and learning the hand-eye coordination of instruments, catheters, and guide wires is problematic." During minimally invasive procedures, surgeons insert a miniature camera (an endoscope) and surgical instruments through small incisions, and watch their progress on a video monitor.

Pointing out that VR training is state-of-the-art for training in many other highly skilled professions, Cates says VR should be used more widely for training physicians who perform cardiovascular procedures. "The potential of VR to improve training and patients' safety is very exciting," he says. "It allows more than observation. You can interact with and integrate different sensory inputs that simulate important aspects of real-world experience doing these procedures."

VR training for surgical procedures was introduced in l991, but it has been slow to gain wide acceptance within the medical community due to the lack of well-controlled clinical trials. However, several well-designed smaller studies have shown that medical residents trained with VR made fewer intraoperative errors.


Town Hall on Strategic Planning November 4

Thursday, November 4, 2004, Noon to 1:30 pm, Winship Ballroom at Dobbs University Center

The Emory University Strategic Planning Steering Committee co-chairs, Dr. Earl Lewis, Executive Vice President for Academic Affairs and Provost, and Dr. Michael M.E. Johns, Executive Vice President for Health Affairs, will report on the Strategic Planning Processand respond to questions in a town hall forum.

Please bring your lunch. Beverages and snacks will be provided.

Contact: Makeba Morgan Hill (makeba_morgan_hill@emoryhealthcare.org or 778-4312)


Strategic Planning at Oxford: Q&A with a member of Oxford's strategic planning committee

As difficult as the strategic planning process is, I believe it will help us articulate our identity and mission better, make budgetary decisions more effectively, and allow us to be more successful in our comprehensive capital campaign.
—David Gowler, Pierce Professor of Religion, Oxford College


AE: What has been your role and involvement in Oxford’s strategic planning process?

David Gowler: I joined the steering committee at Oxford in May. During the academic year I had been working to create the Pierce Institute for Leadership and Community Engagement. Because of the overlapping relationship of the forthcoming Pierce Institute and the overall mission of Oxford, I was asked to join the committee.

AE: How have faculty been included in the process, and what has the process entailed at Oxford?

DG: I am delighted with the inclusive process at Oxford. Faculty, staff, students, alumni, and the Board of Counselors have all been included. The strategic planning process began with two community-wide meetings—the first one was attended by approximately one hundred people—that led to creation of a draft of Oxford’s vision statement (and notes). Follow-up forums provided opportunities for faculty, staff, and students to respond to the draft, and a website was created to receive additional input.

The next step was to elicit information from all the above groups—faculty, staff, students, alumni, and the Board of Counselors—concerning their views of Oxford’s strengths, achievements, constraints, and weaknesses. Several hundred submissions were compiled and categorized. The Strategic Planning Committee had a two-day retreat in May to analyze the internal and external data, review and add to the perceived strengths and weaknesses, and then we developed opportunities, threats, and strategic issues.

In June, the Strategic Planning Steering Committee then crafted the Environmental Assessment, which was distributed to faculty, staff, and students. The Environmental Assessment was presented to the University’s Steering Committee.

The collaborative process continues this year. We have begun with four community-wide “brainstorming sessions” that will generate ideas for Oxford’s five-year goals. After these sessions, the steering committee will create a draft of the five-year goals and the strategic initiatives to accomplish them. We will then have two community-wide “open house” sessions for feedback on those goals.

Then a number of various constituent groups will be formed to create the measures of success, five-year measure targets, and three-year action plans, whichthe steering committee will use to create the entire planning document.

AE What are some of the chief areas of focus you see rising to the top?

DG The best way to answer this question would be to summarize some of the conclusions of Oxford’s Environmental Assessment. Some of the strategic issues that have emerged from our discussions are:

Oxford must establish and articulate our distinctive place within Emory University and higher education. Many aspects of Oxford’s academic community contribute to our success in educating and transforming our students, and we must articulate and focus on our accomplishments. We must build upon our recognition by the Carnegie Foundation as a leader in teaching and learning and become more visible as a national model for engaged student-centered learning and as an educational laboratory where innovative ideas, approaches, and methods are implemented, assessed, and then refined.

One way to highlight these strengths is to define further and to develop in an integrated way “signature programs” at Oxford, such as our scholarship of teaching and learning efforts and the Pierce Institute for Leadership and Community Engagement.

The key to our ability to become more visible within Emory University and to recruit more effectively prospective students is the necessity of restructuring university admissions to present Oxford and Emory colleges as academically equivalent options, placed in distinct learning environments.

Our strategic planning process has also demonstrated the urgent need for significant financial investment in people, programs, and facilities. The recruitment of students is hindered by the contrast of our physical plant with other colleges and universities—and even many high schools. A significant investment of resources is required to continue to attract talented faculty, staff, and students and excel as a laboratory of teaching and learning.

Oxford’s success in providing a transformative learning environment and the accomplishments of our graduates are well known—and, based on the information currently available, well deserved; our successes, however, are not well documented. In order to ascertain, assess, and promote Oxford’s achievements we must establish a systematic program of institutional research at Oxford College.

We recognize Oxford’s responsibility to diversify and increase our sources of revenue, through increasing our donor base, facilitating additional grant writing capabilities, further work with foundations, and tapping more fully the potential of our loyal alumni. Emory’s forthcoming comprehensive capital campaign also provides an opportunity to raise necessary funds, develop additional relationships with donors, and build our endowment to support our vision of excellence in undergraduate education.

Oxford’s environmental assessment has also begun to clarify more fully what Oxford students, faculty, staff, and administration have long known about our transformative learning environment but have not expressed as cogently and forcefully as necessary. Oxford is also distinctive, in part, because of its connectedness with Emory University, and Emory University is also distinctive, in part, because of Oxford’s role as a laboratory of transformative learning within it. Oxford’s place in the heart of Emory stems not only from its unique contribution to Emory’s heritage but also to Emory’s vision of being a destination university that is an inquiry-driven, ethically engaged, and diverse community.

AE: Would you describe the planning approach on your campus as open? Or secretive? Proprietary? In what ways?

DG: The process has been very open, and all members of the community have been invited to participate. The primary limitation to an even more open process would be the constraints of time. The timetable for the strategic planning process is very ambitious and very difficult to accomplish in conjunction with an academic calendar. Several faculty, staff, and students have devoted significant portions of their summer to working on Oxford’s strategic plan.

AE: A recurring question among faculty is whether such plan will actually lead to change and growth, or whether it will become obsolete. What are your thoughts?

DG: I certainly have seen a number of such efforts—both here and at other institutions—that are currently collecting dust on various shelves. This process seems different to me, however, for two main reasons. First, it already has generated positive results by helping us to articulate even more clearly Oxford’s distinctive place within Emory University and higher education. Second, the strategic plan—which includes a resource plan, financial projections, and a strategic investment plan—is intimately connected to the setting of priorities within the budgeting process and for the forthcoming comprehensive capital campaign. So I am much more hopeful that this process will have a real and positive impact for the university.

AE: Stanley Fish wrote recently in the Chronicle of Higher Education that “change cannot be engineered and change will always occur;” and “Planning is necessary and planning won’t work.” How do we make a plan that is realistic about that which cannot be planned for?


DG: This question is more difficult to address. To agree with the quotes, I’d have to change them slightly: “Change will always occur, but it cannot always be engineered,” and “Planning is necessary, but planning often won’t work.” As difficult as the strategic planning process is, I believe it will help us articulate our identity and mission better, make budgetary decisions more effectively, and allow us to be more successful in our comprehensive capital campaign. Of course, we cannot plan for unexpected events, but careful strategic planning might help us to be better prepared to respond to the unexpected.


Institute of Medicine elects Emory faculty to membership

The Institute of Medicine (IOM) has elected three Emory University
faculty members and two adjunct/clinical faculty members to its new class of 65 top national health scientists. This brings Emory's total IOM membership to eighteen, including adjunct professors—an increase from just one member only a decade ago. Election to the Institute of Medicine is considered one of the highest honors in the fields of medicine and health. Current active members elect new members from among candidates nominated for their professional achievement and commitment to service.

Ruth L. Berkelman, MD, Rollins Professor and Director of the Center for
Public Health Preparedness and Research in the Rollins School of Public
Health; Mahlon DeLong, MD, William P. Timmie Professor of Neurology and Director, Emory Comprehensive Neuroscience Center, Emory University School of Medicine; and Stephen T. Warren, PhD, William P. Timmie Professor and Chair of Human Genetics in Emory University School of Medicine, are newly elected members of the IOM. Julie L. Gerberding, MD, MPH, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, clinical associate professor of medicine in Emory University School of Medicine and adjunct professor of epidemiology in the Rollins School of Public Health; and James Marks, MD, MPH, a CDC scientist and adjunct associate professor of epidemiology in the Rollins School of Public Health also were elected to membership.

Dr. Berkelman is a public health leader who has long been at the forefront
of the effort to prepare for the threat of emerging infectious diseases.
She has been a member of the Rollins School of Public Health faculty since
2001, with a joint appointment in Emory University School of Medicine. In
her former roles as assistant surgeon general of the U.S. Public Health
Service and as deputy director of the National Center for Infectious
Diseases, she has confronted head on the critical need to develop strategies
against the new and reemerging biological pathogens identified over the past two decades. She recently was appointed chair of the American Society of Microbiology's Public and Scientific Affairs Board, and she is a member of the Institute of Medicine's Forum on Emerging Infections and a member of the National Academies' Board of Life Science.

Dr. DeLong is internationally recognized for his pioneering research in
Parkinson1s disease and other movement disorders. An Emory School of
Medicine faculty member since 1990, he established Emory's NIH-funded
Parkinson's Disease Center for Excellence, one of the nation1s most
comprehensive and successful Parkinson's research and treatment programs. Dr. DeLong's research led to a new understanding of the mechanisms behind Parkinson's and opened the door to an era of medical and surgical treatment advances that have dramatically improved the quality of life for thousands of patients. Dr. DeLong continues to lead research programs and develop new strategies that offer tremendous hope for patients with degenerative diseases and movement disorders.

Dr. Warren, who joined the Emory University School of Medicine faculty in
1985, is renowned for leading an international research team that identified
the gene responsible for fragile X syndrome, the most common inherited form of mental retardation. This groundbreaking discovery also led to the
uncovering of "triplet repeat expansion," the unique mutational mechanism
present in more than a dozen genetic disorders, including Huntington
Disease. This year Dr. Warren was chosen president-elect of the American
Society of Human Genetics. In 2003 the National Institute of Child Health
and Human Development selected him for its Hall of Honor. He has served as editor-in-chief of the American Journal of Human Genetics since 1999.
Established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences, the Institute of
Medicine is recognized as a national resource for independent,
scientifically informed analysis and recommendations on issues related to
human health. With their election, members make a commitment to devote a
significant amount of volunteer time as members on IOM committees, which engage in a broad range of studies on health policy issues.

Other Emory IOM members include Michael Johns, Arthur Kellermann, Jeffrey Koplan, James Curran, William Foege, Donald Hopkins, Luella Klein, Reynaldo Martorell, Charles Nemeroff, Godfrey Oakley, Mark Rosenberg, Marla Salmon, and Asa Yancey .


Seeking Emory faculty authors of books

On December 2, the Academic Exchange, the Office of the Bookstore Liaison, and Druid Hills Bookstore is planning to host a celebration of 2004 Emory authors (or editors) of books. We know, however, that our list of such authors is incomplete. Please take a look at the list below, compiled from our own records and resources.

If you published a book this year and your name is not on here, please let us know by emailing Allison Adams, editor of the Academic Exchange, at aadam02@emory.edu. If you know of a colleague who published this year and whose name is not on here, again, please let us know. Likewise any errors you might spot.

Look for more information to come about the December 2 event.

2004 Emory Faculty Authors of Books

Mahmoud Al-Batal, Kristen Brustad and Abbas Al-Tonsi. Alif Baa: Introduction to Arabic Letters and Sounds and Al-Kitaab: A Textbook for Beginning Arabic, Part I (second ed. with DVDs). Georgetown UP: 2004.

Patrick Allitt. Religion in America Since 1945: A History. Columbia University Press: 2004.

Patrick Allitt. I’m the Teacher, You’re the Student: A Semester in the University Classroom. University of Pennsylvania Press: 2004.

Peggy Barlett, co-editor with Geoffrey W. Chase. Sustainability on Campus: Stories and Strategies for Change. MIT Press: 2004.

Robert C. Bartlett. Plato’s Protagoras and Meno. Cornell University Press: 2004.

Harold J. Berman. Law and Revolution, II: The Impact of the Protestant Reformations on the Western Legal Tradition. Harvard University Press: 2004.

Martha Albertson Fineman. The Autonomy Myth: A Theory of Dependency. The New Press: 2004.

Howard Frumkin. Urban Sprawl and Public Health: Designing, Planning and Building for Healthy Communities. Island Press: 2004.

Shalom L. Goldman. God’s Sacred Tongue: Hebrew and the American Imagination. University of North Carolina Press: 2004.

Jim Grimsley. The Ordinary. Tor Books: 2004.

Carol Herron, coauthored with Matthew Morris and Colette Estin. Identité, Modernite, Texte. Yale UP: 2004.

Luke Timothy Johnson. Brother of Jesus, Friend of God: Studies in the Letter of James. William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company: 2004.

Luke Timothy Johnson. The Living Gospel. Continuum International Publishing Group, Incorporated: 2004.

Bruce Knauft. The Gebusi: Lives Transformed in a Rainforest World. McGraw-Hill: 2004

Melvin Konner. Unsettled. Penguin Group (USA) Incorporated: 2004.

Earl Lewis. Defending Diversity: Affirmative Action at the University of Michigan. University of Michigan Press, 2004.


Scott Lilienfeld, Steven Jay Lynn, and Jeffrey M Lohr, co-editors. Science and Pseudoscience in Clinical Psychology. Guilford Publications, Incorporated: 2004.

Charlotte McDaniel, Organizational Ethics: Research and Ethical Environments. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishers: 2004.

Randall M. Packard, Peter J. Brown, Ruth L. Berkelman, and Howard Frumkin, co-editors. Emerging Illnesses and Society: Negotiating the Public Health Agenda. Johns Hopkins Press: 2004.

Sidney Perkowitz. Digital People: From Bionic Humans to Androids. National Academy Press: 2004.

Julie Shayne. The Revolution Question: Feminisms in El Salvador, Chile, and Cuba. Rutgers University Press: 2004.

Vanessa Siddle Walker and John R. Snarey, co-editors. Race-ing Moral Formation: African American Perspectives on Care and Justice. Teachers College Press: 2004

John Stone. Music from Apartment 8: New and Selected Poems. Louisiana State University Press: 2004.

Donald Stein. Buying In or Selling Out. Rutgers University Press: 2004.

Steven Strange and Zack Zupko, co-editors. Stoicism: Traditions and Transformations. Cambridge University Press: 2004.


Emory's Anthony Stringer Receives Rare Board Certification in Clinical Neuropsychology

Anthony Stringer, director of neuropsychology in Emory’s Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, has attained board certification in neuropsychology from the American Board of Professional Psychology, an achievement reached by only five hundred neuropsychologists in the U.S. and seven in the state of Georgia. Stringer is also the first African American to achieve board certification in neuropsychology.

Neuropsychology is a specialty area within the field of psychology focusing on the relationship between brain dysfunction and its effects on cognitive skills and behavior. In rehabilitation medicine, neuropsychologists work with patients who experience memory loss resulting from a variety of physical impairments such as stroke, epilepsy, surgery, and traumatic brain injury.

Although board certification is the standard for medical doctors, it is the exception for psychologists. The certification process includes a close examination of the candidate's clinical experience, a one-hundred-question, three-hour written exam, the submission of two case reports including support materials, and a three-hour oral exam. ''It's an arduous process, but one that's worth it," says Stringer, adding that he is surprised he is the first African American to achieve certification. ''It's certainly a nice honor. There are perceptions that neuropsychology is a very difficult field to go into, and therefore many people are deterred from trying to enter it. I hope I have created a perception that a door has been open, and more people will follow in my footsteps."


Flannery's Thomas Moore book and recording to be featured on nationwide radio program "Thistle and Shamrock"

James Flannery’s book/recording Dear Harp of My Country: The Irish Melodies of Thomas Moore will for the third time be featured in October on Public Radio’s nationally syndicated “The Thistle and Shamrock.” Host Fiona Ritchie has described Flannery’s recording of thirty-nine of the airs of Moore as “a landmark collection” and credits his work with gaining an understanding of Moore as Ireland’s first internationally-known Irish artist as well as a seminal figure in the revival of Irish traditional music and the establishment of the Irish literary and dramatic movement. She also praises Flannery’s effort to establish the connections between Moore and the Scottish bard Robert Burns, especially in their effort to create a cultural identity for their respective nations by writing patriotic lyrics to ancient Celtic airs.

In Atlanta, the PBS-affiliate WABE (90.1 FM) will broadcast “The Thistle and Shamrock” program devoted to Flannery’s work on Sunday, October 17, from 12:00 p.m. to 1:00 p.m. “The Thistle and Shamrock” is broadcast internationally via NPR Worldwide and is also streamed on many affiliate stations.

“The Thistle and Shamrock” is the most popular and influential program devoted to Celtic music and culture on the airways. In the United States it is broadcast weekly on over 390 PBS stations nationwide while it is also broadcast throughout Europe on the BBC international network. Fiona Ritchie, who first began broadcasting “The Thistle and Shamrock” from Charlotte, North Carolina in 1983, is often credited with making the single most important contribution to the worldwide interest in Celtic music.

Flannery holds the Winship Chair of Arts and Humanities at Emory University where he teaches mainly in Irish Studies. He is currently working on another book/recording, Heart Mysteries: Traditional Love Songs of the Irish. He also produces the annual Atlanta Celtic Christmas Concert, now in its twelfth season.


Theology professor comments in New York Times on hip-hop and the church

You’ll probably never hear the music from hard-edged rappers like Slim Shady or Dr. Dre right before the preacher’s sermon. But according to a recent New York Times article, the long-standing antagonism between hip-hop and the church (one Harlem Reverend literally drove a steamroller over a pile of CDs 11 years ago) has diminished to the point where the blunt rhythms are heard more frequently during services, though fleshed out with gospel messages. The idea is to embrace at least part of the hip-hop culture, fill up the pews and spread the Word to young people who are drawn to the street-wise honesty of hip-hop. Said Alton Pollard III, the director of black church studies at the Candler School of Theology, who is quoted in the article, the resistance that many churches have shown to hip-hop culture resembles previous battles over gospel music or drums in church. “This is just the latest version" of the battle, he said. "It's about the continuing need for new expressions of what it means to be human, and the church oftentimes is not able to keep up, whether we're talking about jazz, the blues, soul or gospel music.”

To read the full text of the Times article, visit http://www.nytimes.com/2004/09/13/arts/music/13hiph.html

 


Presidential Powers of Recall

The September 20 edition of Newsweek magazine includes a mention of a recent article in the journal Applied Cognitive Psychology that examines a case-in-point of the plasticity of memory, a key notion explored in the September 2004 cover story of the Academic Exchange on memory research. In "President Bush's False Flashbulb Memory of 9/11/01"(published online in March 2004 in Applied Cognitive Psychology), Daniel Greenberg of Duke University notes that President George W. Bush's reported recollections of how he learned of the attacks on the World Trade Center are factually impossible. The inacurracies, suggests Greenberg, are a prominent example of evidence that "flashbulb memories"—memories of major events people believe they remember perfectly—are not as perpect and indelible as experts once thought.

Visit http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/5970907/site/newsweek/ to read the Newsweek article.

Visit http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/abstract/107639961/ABSTRACT for an abstract, references list, and downloadable .pdf file of the full Applied Cognitive Psychology article text.

Visit http://www.emory.edu/ACAD_EXCHANGE/2004/sept/lead.html for the Academic Exchange article on the art and science of memory.


The Poetry of Memory

In the cover story of the September 2004 issue of the Academic Exchange, Emory scholars from the sciences to the liberal arts reflect on their investigations into the nature and mechanisms of memory. Such inquiries also loom large in the work of associate professor of creative writing and poet Natasha Trethewey.

The cultural and the chemical processes of memory making are similar because their meaning takes shape over a period of time. In both processes, meaning may change as memories are recalled repeatedly. For Tretheway, this plasticity in cultural memory allows for a productive tension between history and imagination.

Even though each of her books is different, Trethewey says, “the underlying obsession is the same. I’m really interested in the way we make cultural memory and the gaps between personal stories and authoritative history—what gets written down and what gets written out.” Trethewey’s current project examines the “Native Guards” during the Civil War in her home state of Mississippi. Newly freed slaves joined the Union troops on Gulf Coast barrier islands that are now home to a national park.

“If you don’t know to ask who those soldiers really were, the park ranger doesn’t mention it," she says. "So the idea of the Native Guards became for me both the literal subject of poems—the soldiers I’m writing about—and a figurative connection to myself as a mixed-race daughter of the South, standing at the borders of this history.”

Below is a poem inspired by Trethewey's explorations of memories of the Native Guards.

Elegy for the Native Guards

Now that the salt of their blood
Stiffens the saltier oblivion of the sea…

—Allen Tate

We leave Gulfport at noon; gulls overhead
trailing the boat—streamers, noisy fanfare—
all the way to Ship Island. What we see
first is the fort, its roof of grass, a lee—
half reminder of the men who lived there—
a weathered monument to some of the dead.

Inside we follow the ranger, hurried
though we are to get to the beach. He tells
of graves lost in the Gulf, the island split
in half when Hurricane Camille hit,
shows us casemates, cannons, the store that sells
souvenirs, tokens of history long buried.

The Daughters of the Confederacy
have placed a plaque here, at the fort’s entrance—
each Confederate soldier’s name raised hard
in bronze; no names carved for the Native Guards—
2nd regiment, Union men, black phalanx.
What is monument to their legacy?

All the grave markers, all the crude headstones—
water-lost. Now fish dart among their bones,
and we listen for what the waves intone.
Only the fort remains, near forty feet high,
round, unfinished, half-open to the sky,
the elements—wind, rain—God’s deliberate eye.

[originally appeared in The Atlanta Review, Fall 2002]

New Associate Editor of the Academic Exchange

For five years, Amy Benson Brown served as the assistant and later associate editor of the Academic Exchange. With her poet’s ear and her doctorate in literature, Brown brought the rich perspective of a humanist to bear on major issues in the sciences at Emory, as well as larger questions of university life. Brown is now devoting her energies to the continued growth of the Provost’s Program in Manuscript Development, an initiative she launched two years ago to help faculty respond to the changing landscape of scholarly book publishing.

Succeeding Amy Brown as associate editor of the Exchange is Steve Frandzel, an accomplished science writer and editor whose work has focused on healthcare and related sciences, as well as the social and economic impact of medicine. Frandzel joined the staff on August 9.


Member of Emory Psychiatry Department Killed in Car Crash in China

Xiaohong Wang, MD, PhD, a promising researcher at the interface between immunology and psychiatry with particular regard to anxiety, depression and mood disorders in patients with cancer and other medical illnesses, was killed Saturday, July 24, in a car accident along with his sixth-grade son Jim while vacationing in Wuhan, China. He had returned to China for the first time in a number of years to visit his parents. Dr. Wang’s wife, Dr. Xiao Lan Ou, and their older son, John, escaped injury in the accident.

Dr. Wang, 47, was an assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences in the Emory University School of Medicine. He practiced throughout the Emory system at Emory University Hospital, Emory Crawford Long Hospital, Wesley Woods Geriatric Hospital, and Grady Memorial Hospital, where his main clinical responsibilities were in the psychiatric emergency room.

“Xiaohong Wang was a model faculty member who was universally liked and respected,” said psychiatry department chairman Dr. Charles Nemeroff. “This is a tragedy and a shock whose pain will be felt not only by his family but by all his friends and colleagues here at Emory.”

Dr. Wang was a graduate of the Tongji Medical University in Wuhan, China, who had served an internship at Wayne State University in Detroit and a residency at the State University of New York – Upstate Medical University in Syracuse. He had also pursued his education at Texas A&M where he earned a PhD. A member of the American Psychiatric Association, he had been recognized with a Janssen Psychiatry Resident Award of Excellence, a Janssen Faculty Career Development Award, a Young Investigator Award from the National Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia and Depression, a
psychiatric research fellowship sponsored by the APA and Wyeth-Ayerst, and a Research Scientist Development Award from the National Institute of Mental Health.

Dr. Wang was also an outstanding teacher, receiving the psychiatry residents’ teaching award in 2003. He came to Emory in 2001 and his research program was regarded as extremely promising. His studies provided novel insights into the role of inflammation in the development of mood disorders as well as the regulation of the neuroendocrine system. He had taken on three postdoctoral research fellows just in the past several months.

“Xiaohong was a treasured friend, whom we will all miss terribly,” said Dr. Andrew H. Miller, professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences and director of psychiatric oncology at Emory’s Winship Cancer Institute. “He was on a major upswing in his career, and his premature death is all the more tragic when considering his immense potential to make significant contributions to the lives of so many.”

The funeral was held in China. The department plans to hold a memorial service in Atlanta. Dr. Wang resided in Tucker.


Faculty and racism
In a recent essay in the Chronicle of Higher Education (“White Professors Can Help Uproot Racism,” May 7, 2004, B16), Julie W. de Sherbinin, associate professor of Russian at Colby College, discusses her efforts to form a collective of mostly white faculty members to become better allies to students of color on her campus. Earlier in her career, de Sherbinin writes, she was primarily concerned with tenure, but she became increasingly interested over the last decade in race-related issues. She began attending lectures, films, and forums on race; she read extensively about white privilege; and she eventually became involved with the campus chapter of the Society Organized Against Racism in New England Higher Education (SOAR). Finally, after talking with many colleagues who had served as mentors to students of color and hearing stories of students’ encounters with racism on campus, she invited faculty members to get together to discuss these issues, resulting in the formation of a group called Faculty Allies. This group’s goal, writes de Sherbinin, is “to contribute to the academic and social success of students of color through informal faculty-student interactions.” Faculty Allies has been involved with planning faculty-student events; it provides faculty mentors for students at the students’ request; and it recently sponsored the publication of a poetry volume by African American and Latino students. Although de Sherbinin recognizes that this group “does not represent an unmitigated success story” and acknowledges that “uprooting racism happens excrutiatingly slowly,” she does assert that white faculty members can do their part by working as academic mentors and through social interactions. To read the full article, visit http://chronicle.com/prm/weekly/v50/i35/35b01601.htm.

To read the April/May Academic Exchange examination of race and the faculty, visit http://www.emory.edu/ACAD_EXCHANGE/2004/aprmay/lead.html


Highlights from “Coping with Copyright”
A panel discussion sponsored by the Manuscript Development Program and the Academic Exchange on April 15, 2004

Topics included: basic definitions in copyright law; trends toward broader copyright restrictions; the process, time, and cost of securing permissions for scholarly books; and issues covered by the TEACH (Technology, Education and Copyright Harmonization Act). Below are highlights from the four speakers’ remarks. Contact Amy Benson Brown at abrow01@emory.edu if you are interested in obtaining a transcript.

“There is a broad march of expanding copyright to cover anything that anyone considers creative and pretty soon we will have nailed everything down, and we won’t be able to use anything without a license. . . . We have a trend that’s not favorable for academics."

—Sara Stadler Nelson, Assistant Professor in the School of Law.


“What was particularly surprising was the amount of time this process of securing permissions took—and how much it cost, even after my negotiations. And it is possible to negotiate with the publishers. As Routledge says in their packet: 'Don’t be afraid to try to negotiate the fees or have them waived entirely.' But simply collecting these permissions took me approximately six months.”

—Kim Loudermilk, Director of Special Academic Projects in Emory College


“My press said, 'We can’t go forward with your book until you clear this permissions issue up.' I asked my editor, 'Will you consult your legal department?' The legal department came back and said, 'You’ve got to clear this up.' I called Emory University’s General Counsel Office, and the response was that I needed to find a lawyer. What I was faced with was educating myself on the state of the fair use laws in copyright at my own expense, to try and figure this thing out.”

—Matthew Bernstein, Associate Professor in the Film Studies Department

“We all need to do something about it because right now the content provider industry has the ear of Congress, and they have it very effectively. If we don’t stand up and let our voices be heard, the long-term repercussions . . . [will] impact creativity in this country. The way derivative works are being interpreted today, they seem to cover any and all uses of the original copyrighted work, and that’s a real problem. It’s not only creativity at stake but also innovation, even technical innovation in the long, run if we don’t address this.”

—Doris Kirby, Director of Policy and Compliance for IT at Emory


April 15, 2004
More on Scholarship in an Age of Terror
Emory Professor of Religion Paul Courtright was featured in a Washington Post article about recent attacks on scholars of Hinduism. The wave of attacks has been orchestrated by the Hidutva movement, which claims, “scholars are imposing a Eurocentric world view” on their culture, writes Post reporter Shankar Vedantam in the April 10, 2004, issue. A brief section of Courtight’s 1985 study of the Hindu god Ganesha (published by Oxford UP) incensed some readers by offering a psychoanalytic reading of one part of the mythology.

The article connects the email threats and online petition against Courtright to recent attacks on other Hinduists. In November, University of Chicago scholar Wendy Doniger was “egged" in London but escaped injury. And in January a work by Macalester College Professor James Laine on an ancient Hindu King sparked an assault on one of his collaborators and on materials in an institute housing rare manuscripts in India.

Registered users may view the Post article by clicking here.

Click here to read Coutright's reflections on the charges against his work, threats against his person, and the challenges that this kind of attack poses for scholars, students, and scholarly associations, in the April edition of the Academic Exchange.