Nationwide Stand Behind Emory Scholar’s Fight Against Holocaust
A petition signed by hundreds of historians and social scientists
at colleges across the nation demanded that C-Span cancel its
plans to air a speech by David Irving, a Holocaust denier, who
asserts that Hitler was not fully responsible for the mass murder
According to a March 18 article in the New York Times
and many other media outlets, the speech was to accompany a taped
March 16 lecture by Deborah E. Lipstadt, Dorot Professor of Modern
Jewish and Holocaust Studies at Emory, which she gave in conjunction
with the release of her new book, History on Trial: My Day
in Court With David Irving. Irving, a British writer, sued
Lipstadt for libel for calling him a Holocaust denier. In April
2000, the British Royal High Court of Justice dismissed the lawsuit,
concluding that Irving was anti-semitic and racist and that he
deliberately misrepresented and manipulated historical evidence.
When Lipstadt found out C-Span’s plans, she rescinded permission
for the station to broadcast her lecture. According to the Times
article, Lipstadt called the producer at C-span and told her that
the idea of airing Irving’s views for the sake of “balance”
made no sense, considering his clearly false claims regarding
the Holocaust. The Times quoted Lipstadt as saying, “I
told C-Span that I assumed that if they weren't going to tape
my lecture, they also wouldn't use David Irving, but they said
no, they were committed to having him on. This is a man who's
said that Holocaust survivors are all liars, and that more people
died in Senator Kennedy's car at Chappaquiddick than in the gas
According to a C-Span spokesman, plans to air Irving’s talk,
which was delivered at Atlanta’s Landmark Diner the weekend
before Lipstadt’s lecture, are now on hold.
Soon after word got out of the station’s original broadcast
plan, a petition circulated by the David S. Wyman Institute for
Holocaust Studies began gathered more than two hundred signatures
in forty-eight hours. That number has reportedly jumped by many
hundreds. The petition states, in part, that “falsifiers
of history cannot 'balance' histories,” and that “if
C-Span broadcasts a lecture by David Irving, it will provide publicity
and legitimacy to Holocaust-denial, which is nothing more than
a mask for anti-Jewish bigotry,”
In a Times quote, Rafael Medoff, director of the Wyman
institute, said that “I've never before heard of a television
network offering free time to a Holocaust denier, so it was surprising
and it may be unprecedented. I think once C-Span realizes the
depth of public concern and the strong opposition of the academic
community, they will reconsider.”
To read the Academic Exchange coverage of Lipstadt’s
legal battle against Irving, click on
community meetings on strategic planning
have been scheduled by the Strategic Planning Steering Committee
for the Emory community on March 22, 23, 28, and April 8 and 20.
Agendas include updates on the planning process and opportunities
to provide feedback on the strategic plan, which will be finalized
this summer. These events include two town hall meetings, open
sessions of the signature theme brainstorming committee meetings,
and a Futurist Forum.
The first Town Hall meeting will be held on Wednesday, March 23,
from 12-1:30 p.m. in the Cox Hall Ballroom and will focus on a
discussion of the signature themes. The second will be held Wednesday,
April 20, from 12-1:30 p.m. (location TBD).
Open sessions of the signature theme brainstorming committee meetings
will be held from 6-7:30 p.m. in the Grand Ballroom of the Emory
Conference Center on March 22, 23 and 28. If you plan to attend,
please e-mail Makeba Morgan Hill (email@example.com)
two days prior to the meeting. The schedule of open meetings is:
Tuesday, March 22
Societies in Conflict and Transition
Religion, Society and the Human Experience
Predictive Health and Society
Wednesday, March 23
Mind, Brian and Neuroscience
Policy Solutions and Implementation
Monday, March 28
Race, Racism and Society
Citizen as Scholar and Scholar as Citizen
Critical Inquiry and Creative Experience
The "Futurist Forum" on Friday, April 8, will bring
fifteen of the country's foremost thought leaders together for
a panel presentation on the future trends they see affecting the
study of the arts, humanities and sciences, including social,
physical and biological sciences. The event will be held from
8:30 a.m. to noon in the Emerson Concert Hall of the Schwartz
Center for Performing Arts. The panelists also will meet with
the signature theme brainstorming committees later that afternoon.
For more information, visit the strategic planning website at:
the Academic Exchange's coverage of the strategic planning process,
childhood vaccine reduces cases of pneumonia, antibiotic resistance
problem of increasing antibiotic resistance in cases of streptococcus
pneumoniae, a major cause of pneumonia, meningitis and sepsis,
was dramatically reversed following the licensing and use of a
new conjugate vaccine for young children in February 2000, according
to research conducted at Emory, the Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical
Center, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the
Georgia Division of Public Health. The researchers also found
a significant decrease in the
incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease in both vaccinated
children and unvaccinated adults after the vaccine was introduced.
David S. Stephens, professor and vice chair of medicine and division
director of infectious diseases at Emory, led the research. The
findings appear in the March 5, 2005 issue of The Lancet.
The vaccine was put into general use for young children in the
U.S. in February 2000, and in Atlanta by the end of 2000. Antibiotic
resistance in pneumonia, after increasing steadily in Atlanta
from 4.5 per 100,000 in 1994 to 9.3 per 100,000 in 1999 fell to
2.9 per 100,000 by 2002. The incidence of invasive pneumonia in
Atlanta fell from a mean annual incidence of 30.2 per 100,000
in the period January 1994 to December 1999 to 13.1 per 100,000
In addition to declining rates of pneumonia in young children,
the researchers also found significant drops among adults aged
20 to 39 (54 percent), 40 to 64 (25 percent), and 65 and older
(39 percent) who did not receive vaccine, an effect known as herd
“The decline in antibiotic resistance in invasive pneumococci
in Atlanta between 2000 and 2002 was the result of introducing
the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine,” said Stephens. “The
vaccine had both direct and herd immunity effects as shown by
the striking decline in disease incidence in children under five
years, as well as in adults who were not vaccinated.”
The most striking reductions in invasive pneumococcal disease
were in the youngest children, which also was the age group targeted
to receive the vaccine. Children younger than two years old experienced
an 82 percent decrease in invasive disease, and children two to
four years old had a 71 percent decrease.
“Our study showed just how quickly vaccines can become effective
in overcoming antibiotic resistance, but also just how quickly
antibiotic resistance can spread when antibiotics are used inappropriately,”
added Stephens. “It will be important to continue combining
vaccines with programs that emphasize appropriate use of antibiotics.”
for faculty newcomers
the Faculty Council, the Office of Institutional Research has
compiled an on-line guide for new faculty. The site includes information
about the campus, transportation, parking, and benefits; academic
resources, calendars, and faculty development and governance;
other campuse resources such as computing and bookstores; and
information about relocating to the Atlanta area.
The site is available at http://www.emory.edu/PROVOST/newcomers/.
does the new come from? Relocating the Transnational African Artist
Thursday, March 10, Sidney Kasfir, Associate Professor of Art
History, will deliver a talk titled "Where Does The New Come
From? Relocating the Transnational African Artist." The lecture,
scheduled to begin at 4:00 p.m. in the Carlos Hall Conference
Room of the Carlos Museum, is sponsored by the Institute of African
Studes. For more information, contact Yvan A. Bamps at 727.6402
Nursing Professor Trains Kurdish Nurses in Northern Iraq
Spencer, associate professor of nursing at the Nell Hodgson Woodruff
School of Nursing, knows what war can do to a community. She saw
it first-hand while assessing and training Kurdish nurses in war-torn
Iraq. Now, on the heels of Iraq’s first democratic elections
in more than fifty years, the nurses she helped train could play
a major role in the development of an Iraqi health system.
In August 2003, just after the war in Iraq began, Spencer joined
a program sponsored by the Washington Kurdish Institute, and traveled
to hospitals in Dohuk, Erbil, and Suleimaniyah, three villages
northeast of Mosul and Kirkuk, where she worked to enhance the
clinical practice of the Kurdish nurses and helped them develop
a continuing education program.
Dr. Spencer’s team assessed the Kurdish nurses’ situation
by asking three basic questions: What are the challenges you face?
What are your duties? What new skills do you want to learn? The
team found a bright, eager group of caregivers who had little
organization and inconsistent training and standards.
“We discovered that there are no specific standards of care,
no nursing leadership organization, no job descriptions, and that
the nurses’ education varied from a six-month program after
sixth grade to a three-year college program after high school,”
Spencer and other program participants focused on the basics of
care: physical assessment and body systems, hand washing and hygiene,
CPR training, the Heimlich maneuver, choking and body mechanics,
and preventing bed sores.
“These nurses are amazing and inspiring,” said Dr.
Spencer. “I was humbled to see their dedication and determination
in providing care for the Kurds in what many Western nurses would
consider very bleak conditions. The nurses each have thirty-five
to forty patients to take care of at a time, many of whom are
burn victims or have birth defects, which are both huge problems
in northern Iraq.”
To read about other Emory scholars whose work has been influenced
by international unrest, visit "The Trouble with Travel"
Reveals Major Influence of Direct-to-Consumer Drug Advertising
Increased direct-to-consumer advertising by pharmaceutical companies
disproportionately targets women and older viewers, according
to a study conducted by Emory researcher Erica Brownfield, assistant
professor of medicine, and her colleagues.
study, which appears in the November/December issue of the Journal
of Health Communications, concludes that while such ads may
increase public awareness of over-the-counter (OTC)and prescription
medications, as well as knowledge of specific conditions and available
treatments, they also set the stage for inaccurate self-diagnoses
and incorrect perceptions of illness risk or treatment efficacy.
for one week in the summer of 2001, the study recorded the quantity,
frequency, and placement of prescription and OTC drug advertisements
on three major networks in Atlanta—ABC, CBS, and NBC. Over
the sample week, direct-to-consumer ads for prescription and OTC
drugs were most commonly aired during middle-afternoon and early-evening
hours. Nearly 60 percent of all direct-to-consumer drug advertising
appeared during news programs and soap operas.
Brownfield says that because the average American is probably
exposed to more than thirty hours of direct-to-consumer advertisements
each year, many show up at doctor’s appointments with biased
opinions about certain medications.
“If you look at all direct-to-consumer drug advertising
for prescription and over-the-counter drugs, the number, the amount,
and the percentage of commercial time is actually pretty high,”
says Brownfield. “In addition, these ads were placed in
news programs or soap operas, and when you think about who watches
soap operas and news programs, you realize it’s usually
women, who are the major healthcare decision makers in the family,
and the elderly, who consume the most amount of medication.”
The research team found that an average television viewer who
only watched the three networks would have been exposed to almost
forty minutes of direct-to-consumer OTC and prescription advertising
in one week. Overall, drug ads occupied more than 8 percent of
all commercial airtime over the study period.
Azar Nafisi's Reading Lolita in Tehran is a book that
seems to ignite different kinds of passion. If you are one of
the people who kept insisting others to read it when it was first
published, Lynna Williams, a professor in creative writing, would
like to talk to you for an article about the enthusiasm shown
for this story. What made it special for you? Please email her
at firstname.lastname@example.org. (She'd also be happy to hear from you if
you're someone who has an alternate list of books about Iran you
wish also were getting the star treatment in the United States.)
fair!" Chimpanzees more prone to cry foul in close-knit relationships
The evolution of the sense of fairness may have involved the quality
of relationships, according to behavioral researchers at the Yerkes
Primate Research Center.
By observing variability in chimpanzees’ responses to inequity,
Sarah Brosnan and Frans de Waal, both researchers in Yerkes’
Division of Psychobiology and the Yerkes-based Living Links Center,
determined that chimpanzees’ responses depended upon the
strength of their social connections. This is the first demonstration
that nonhuman primates’ reactions to inequity parallel the
variation in human responses to unfair situations, which are often
based on the quality of the relationship. The findings appear
on the January 26 Proceedings of the Royal Academy of Sciences,
Series B web site (http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk),
and also in the journal’s February 7th print edition.
“Human decisions tend to be emotional and vary depending
on the other people involved,” says Brosnan. “Our
finding in chimpanzees implies this variability in response is
adaptive and emphasizes there is not one best response for any
given situation but rather it depends on the social environment
at the time.”
In the current study, Drs. Brosnan and de Waal made food-related
exchanges with chimpanzees from groups that had lived together
either their entire lives or a relatively short time (less than
eight years). Animals were paired to determine how they would
react when their partners received a superior reward (grapes)
instead of a less-valued reward (cucumbers) for the same amount
of work. Chimpanzees in the close-knit social groups were less
likely to react negatively to the unfair situation than were the
chimpanzees in the short-term social groups, who refused to work
when their partners received a superior reward. Such a reaction
is seen in humans who might react negatively to unfair situations
with a stranger or an enemy, but not with a family member or friend.
“Identifying a sense of fairness in two, closely-related
nonhuman primate species implies it could have a long evolutionary
history,” Brosnan says. “The capuchin responses as
well as those of the chimpanzees—the species most closely
related to humans—could represent stages in the evolution
of the complex responses to inequity exhibited by humans and may
help explain why we make certain decisions.”
Forum on the Humanities and Race
On Wednesday, January 26, the Center for Humanistic Inquiry (CHI)
is sponsoring a Faculty Response Forum on "The Humanities
and Race." The CHI Faculty Response Forum is an annual
event that examines the role of the humanities in contemporary
culture. The evening begins with faculty members having moderated
discussions at individual tables around particular subtopics,
followed by dinner.
year's discussion subtopics and their moderators are:
Intersection of Religion and Race (Laurie Patton, Religion, and
Dianne Stewart, Religion)
Teaching and Research (Walter Adamson, History, and Thee Smith,
and Place: Atlanta (Walt Reed, English, and Kimberly Wallace-Sanders,
and Language (Jack Zupko, Philosophy, and Cynthia Willett, Philosophy)
Integration to Transformation (Leslie Harris, History, and Catherine
Representation to Full Participation (Robert Ethridge, Equal Opportunity
Speech Acts, and the Academic Campus (Michael Elliott, English)
in Cross-Cultural Perspective (Bruce Knauft, ICIS and Anthropology)
Cultures, Class and Ethnicity: Sorting the Ethical Challenges
and Guidelines for Framing and ADdressing Racial Prejudice and
Conflict (James Fowler, Center for Ethics)
and Migration (María Carrión, Spanish, and José
event will take place at 5:30 p.m. in the Michael C. Carlos Museum
Reception Hall. Reservations are required. For more information
or to participate, please contact the CHI at 727-6424 or email@example.com.
read the Academic Exchange coverage of related topics, visit "Race
and the Professoriate" at http://www.emory.edu/ACAD_EXCHANGE/2004/aprmay/lead.html
King Week event on Friday
On Friday, January 21, the faculty and students affiliated with
Emory's language departments and the Emory College Language Center
will present "Words of Peace," a Listening Project. The
writings of human rights activists around the world will be read,
and will mark the conclusion of Emory King Week. This free
event will begin at 3 pm in the Jones Room of the Woodruff Library. For
more information, contact Juana Clem McGhee at 727.2575 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Venture Lab Accelerates Transfer of Science from Lab to Marketplace
treatments for common and devastating illnesses such as cancer,
HIV, Alzheimer’s, and cardiovascular diseases could reach
patients sooner thanks to the new Venture Lab program in Emory
University’s Office of Technology Transfer (OTT). Venture
Lab was set up to identify potentially marketable university research
discoveries in their early stages and help find the funding necessary
for scientists to establish the “proof of principle”necessary
to bring the technologies to market.
“The proof of concept is not always straightforward and
not necessarily what academicians are focused on,” says
Kevin Lei, formerly Emory’s assistant director of technology
transfer and now associate director and new director of the Venture
Lab. “Our program will help scientists look at their discoveries
in a new way. Understanding what is required for a product to
be successful is a different focus than basic research, which
focuses on publication in peer-reviewed scientific journals.”
Lei has managed Emory’s patenting and licensing applications—the
nuts and bolts of technology transfer—since 1997. In his
new position, he will help Emory scientists bridge the often formidable
gap between academia and the business world, scouting out technologies
that are marketable, matching them with venture capitalists and
other investors, developing them, and bringing them to market.
He also will encourage scientists who may work in different areas
of the university to collaborate for the sake of technology development.
For Academic Exchange coverage of issues in the transfer of academic
work to the marketplace, visit
Turn to Virtual Reality to Train Cardiologists
Historically, physicians have learned new procedures by first
practicing on animals, cadavers or mechanical models, eventually
“on-the-job training” by operating on patients under
the guidance of
experienced teachers. However, in a commentary published in a
recent issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association
(JAMA) cardiologist Christopher Cates, director of vascular intervention
at Emory University Hospital and Crawford Long Hospital, and Anthony
Gallagher, an experimental psychologist for the Division of Cardiology
at Emory University Hospital, say this paradigm needs to change—especially
in the field of cardiovascular medicine—and that one solution
is virtual reality.
“There is mounting evidence that virtual reality training
is a better,
faster, and safer way for physicians to learn endovascular procedures,
such as carotid stenting (surgical placement of tiny mesh tubes
in the carotid arteries), than the traditional training route,”
says Cates. Just as stents are often used following coronary angioplasty
to keep arteries open, they can also be used to prop open carotid
arteries in the neck.
He points out that the rapidly expanding application of carotid
which was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in
September as an alternative to carotid endarterectomy (surgically
plaque from the carotid artery), has brought to the forefront
involved in training physicians to perform these procedures.
“Carotid stenting is an exciting new technology which certainly
high-risk patients a less invasive option with significantly fewer
outcomes—such as heart attack, stroke, and death—when
compared to carotid endarterectomy,” says Cates. “However,
unlike surgery, carotid stenting makes the physician’s job
more difficult because you can't see and feel tissues directly.
Learning the hand-eye coordination of instruments,
catheters and guide wires are sometimes more complex, requiring
different new skills.”
To help overcome these difficulties, Cates and Gallagher designed
one of the first virtual reality programs to train physicians
in carotid stenting. Using simulators that look like human mannequins,
physicians thread a catheter through an artificial circulatory
system and view angiograms of the “patient.” Emory
has already used virtual reality to train more than 103 physicians
in carotid stenting.
In the JAMA commentary, the Emory researchers point out that if
a shard of plaque detaches from the artery wall and enters the
brain during a carotid stenting procedure, the patient could have
a stroke or die. “That makes the risk conferred to the patient
from the physicians’ traditional learning curve unacceptable—and
makes virtual reality training the method of choice for this procedure,”
Cates emphasizes. “With virtual reality, physicians can
receive objective feedback on their performances during and after
completion of simulated cases. That means trainees can be required
to reach specific proficiency levels before ever doing an endovascular
procedure on a patient.”
place for poetry and the poetry of place
Emeritus Professor of Medicine John Stone, also a noted poet,
was commissioned to write a poem for the inauguration of Emory
President Jim Wagner last spring. Below is the composition.
read the article "Poetry Happens: The power and popularization
of an ancient art at Emory, click
Spirits of This Lawn
For let us consider the spirits of this lawn
who have gathered to speak with us
For the daffodils have flared in fanfare
the bagpipes have skirled
the brass and bells have sounded
For this is a high time
For the spirits of this lawn have decided
that the time is wholly right
on this quad, this place, this lawn,
this commons, this yard, this space
For the spirits roam this ground
scattering their invisible atoms
as Lucretius knew full well they would
For so do we all scatter our atoms hereabouts
For the Frisbee, wobbling in its orbits,
has shed its atoms, too
over this approving ground
For birds have seen the buildings of this quad
take shape from the air, time-lapse,
over decades, like Georgia pyramids
For the Lost Pharaoh, great spirit of Egypt,
has returned now to his earthly home
For here we have commenced, processed,
recessed, in these, our best medieval clothes
For in the wings is James W. Dooley -- and his cousins
For these are truly our stomping grounds
For I have seen a single jogger, early morning,
move in circles, one step ahead of solitude
For I have seen this lawn alive in the evening,
crying with memory candles
For this quad is larger than a whale,
than a hundred whales
For it swallows me whole, as though I were Jonah
and disgorges me into art, music, theology,
history, words, by which I survive
For we have spoken, thought, taught,
learned under these trees
For the flagpole, center, reminds us that alumni,
visible and invisible, have gathered here
For during the wars, Emory footfalls made of
this space a parade ground, a sacred lawn
For the spirits of the lawn honor teachers
who have taught us to listen completely:
For as it is written, “If you listen carefully, at the end
you will be someone else.”
the spirits honor those who search:
the scientists -- the biologists, chemists,
psychologists, the healers, all …
For let us take more careful notes about Lucretius.
For the musicians and artists of this city
For the poets, of whom there can never be too many
For the lovers, without whom there would be no poets
For we are mindful always of the need for perspective:
Van Gogh conferred perspective on his world
by simply painting a road diagonally
up and through the fields of wheat,
letting the crows fly where they would
For perspective may take us a bit longer than Van Gogh:
But let us walk together into the paintings
of our lives and talk of what we find there
For everyone comes to the arts too late
For there is the matter of that famous sparrow –
the one that flew out of a raging storm
through the great banqueting hall
in the words of The Venerable Bede
the sparrow that flew in one door
and out another, from winter dark
and back to dark, in an eye’s twinkle
For is that flight not like our lives:
“What there before-goes
or what there after-follows
we know not.”
For the human quest begets more questions
For the question is at least as important as the answer
For what matters finally is how the human spirit is spent
In the names, then, of the Genii Loci of this lawn
the timeless spirits of this commons
of this humane and mindful city --
In the names, then, of all this lawn’s lively spirits,
some of whom you know already, Mr. President --
the newest of whom you now most assuredly become.
revenues on the rise in academe in 2003
According to the December 3, 2004, Chronicle of Higher Education,
colleges and universities in FY 2003 filed for more patents, identified
more scientific discoveries with commercial potential, and signed
more licensing agreements than ever before. Collectively, the 165
institutions that responded to the annual survey by the Association
of University Technology Managers received more than $968 million
in licensing revenues, an increase of about 1 percent over 2002.
read the Chronicle article in full, click
read the related Academic Exchange article "For its Own Sake:
When knowledge isn't for sale," click
provide clues to hand preference
Hand preference and language go hand in hand. Or do they? According
to researchers at the Yerkes Primate Research Center, handedness
is not associated with the language area of the brain, as the
accepted scientific explanation has long been. Rather, left-handedness
has more to do with motor skills. The researchers report their
findings in the December 6 issue of Behavioral Neuroscience.
to Bill Hopkins, research associate in the Division of Psychobiology
at the Yerkes Research Center and the study's lead investigator,
"The dominant scientific view has linked hand preference
in humans with the area of the brain that controls language. After
observing hand proference in chimpanzees, which have no comparable
language capabilities, we concluded there must be another reason
for handedness. Because human and chimpanzee brain structures
are so similar, we wanted to determine if human handedness evolved
from an area of the brain other than the language area."
and his colleagues coordinated a series of motor tasks with chimpanzees
to determine each animal's hand preference and then looked at
MRI scans of the animals' brains. They found asymmetries in the
areas known to correspond to both language and motor skills in
the human brain. A detailed review of the data showed the asymmetries
in the motor skills area corresponded to right- and left-handedness,
while the asymmetries in the language area did not, leading the
researchers to conclude that handedness is linked explicitly to
the motor skills area and not other brain regions.
a separate study, published in the same issue of Behavioral Neuroscience,
Hopkins's team supported their findings about asymmetry by confirming
that the brain structure of chimpanzees is similar to the brain
structure of humans. Using MRI scans of the chimps' brains, the
researchers discovered asymmetries in each brain hemisphere, a
characteristic previously thought unique to humans. "For
years, researchers thought asymmetry is part of hwat distinguished
the human brain from that of chimpanzees, but our results challenge
of Emory Authors on December 2, 2004
The Academic Exchange, the Office of the Bookstore Liaison, and
Druid Hills Bookstore are co-sponsoring a reception in celebration
of Emory faculty authors and editors of books in 2004. All faculty
are invited to join us on Thursday, December 2, 2004, at 4:00
for wine and cheese in the Druid Hills Bookstore, 1401 Oxford
Road. Copies of a newly compiled list of 2004 Emory faculty authors
and editors of books will be on hand. We hope to make this event
an annual tradition.
Please RSVP to Tiffany Worboy, email@example.com, or
Poet Kerry Hardie to Deliver Reading
Irish poet Kerry Hardie will read from her work Tuesday evening,
November 16, at 6:00 p.m., in the Jones Room of the Woodruff Library.
A reception and booksigning will follow. A previous recipient
of the Hennessey Award for Poetry and the UK National Poetry Award,
Hardie has just received the Lawrence O'Shaughnessy Award for
her third volume, The Sky Didn't Fall (2003). The reading
is sponsored by the Irish Studies Program, the Hightower
Lecture Fund, and the Friends of the Library.
Reality Training Key to Reducing Medical Errors
According to an Emory researcher, many medical errors could be
avoided by training physicians with interactive, three-dimensional
visualization technology instead of on patients. In a recent article
in the British medical journal The Lancet, Christopher
Cates, Director of Vascular Intervention at Emory University Hospital
and Emory Crawford Long Hospital, noted that virtual reality (VR)
training could reduce medical mistakes that are estimated to cause
44,000 to 94,000 deaths annually in the U.S. Many of the mistakes,
argues Cates, result because physicians in training learn invasive
procedures under the supervision of a more experienced colleague.
"The radically novel skills required for minimally invasive
surgery or interventional cardiology are so difficult to learn
that the standard type of training is simply no longer acceptable,"
Cates says. "While minimally invasive procedures have advantages
for patients because they cause less trauma, they make the operator's
job more difficult. You can't see and feel tissues directly, and
learning the hand-eye coordination of instruments, catheters,
and guide wires is problematic." During minimally invasive
procedures, surgeons insert a miniature camera (an endoscope)
and surgical instruments through small incisions, and watch their
progress on a video monitor.
Pointing out that VR training is state-of-the-art for training
in many other highly skilled professions, Cates says VR should
be used more widely for training physicians who perform cardiovascular
procedures. "The potential of VR to improve training and
patients' safety is very exciting," he says. "It allows
more than observation. You can interact with and integrate different
sensory inputs that simulate important aspects of real-world experience
doing these procedures."
VR training for surgical procedures was introduced in l991, but
it has been slow to gain wide acceptance within the medical community
due to the lack of well-controlled clinical trials. However, several
well-designed smaller studies have shown that medical residents
trained with VR made fewer intraoperative errors.
Hall on Strategic Planning November 4
Thursday, November 4, 2004, Noon to 1:30 pm, Winship Ballroom
at Dobbs University Center
Emory University Strategic Planning Steering Committee co-chairs,
Dr. Earl Lewis, Executive Vice President for Academic Affairs
and Provost, and Dr. Michael M.E. Johns, Executive Vice President
for Health Affairs, will report on the Strategic Planning Processand
respond to questions in a town hall forum.
bring your lunch. Beverages and snacks will be provided.
Contact: Makeba Morgan Hill (firstname.lastname@example.org
Planning at Oxford: Q&A with a member of Oxford's strategic
difficult as the strategic planning process is, I believe it will
help us articulate our identity and mission better, make budgetary
decisions more effectively, and allow us to be more successful
in our comprehensive capital campaign.
—David Gowler, Pierce Professor of Religion,
AE: What has been your role and involvement in Oxford’s
strategic planning process?
David Gowler: I joined the steering committee at Oxford in May.
During the academic year I had been working to create the Pierce
Institute for Leadership and Community Engagement. Because of
the overlapping relationship of the forthcoming Pierce Institute
and the overall mission of Oxford, I was asked to join the committee.
AE: How have faculty been included in the process, and what
has the process entailed at Oxford?
DG: I am delighted with the inclusive process at Oxford. Faculty,
staff, students, alumni, and the Board of Counselors have all
been included. The strategic planning process began with two community-wide
meetings—the first one was attended by approximately one
hundred people—that led to creation of a draft of Oxford’s
vision statement (and notes). Follow-up forums provided opportunities
for faculty, staff, and students to respond to the draft, and
a website was created to receive additional input.
The next step was to elicit information from all the above groups—faculty,
staff, students, alumni, and the Board of Counselors—concerning
their views of Oxford’s strengths, achievements, constraints,
and weaknesses. Several hundred submissions were compiled and
categorized. The Strategic Planning Committee had a two-day retreat
in May to analyze the internal and external data, review and add
to the perceived strengths and weaknesses, and then we developed
opportunities, threats, and strategic issues.
In June, the Strategic Planning Steering Committee then crafted
the Environmental Assessment, which was distributed to faculty,
staff, and students. The Environmental Assessment was presented
to the University’s Steering Committee.
The collaborative process continues this year. We have begun with
four community-wide “brainstorming sessions” that
will generate ideas for Oxford’s five-year goals. After
these sessions, the steering committee will create a draft of
the five-year goals and the strategic initiatives to accomplish
them. We will then have two community-wide “open house”
sessions for feedback on those goals.
Then a number of various constituent groups will be formed to
create the measures of success, five-year measure targets, and
three-year action plans, whichthe steering committee will use
to create the entire planning document.
AE What are some of the chief areas of focus you see rising
to the top?
DG The best way to answer this question would be to summarize
some of the conclusions of Oxford’s Environmental Assessment.
Some of the strategic issues that have emerged from our discussions
Oxford must establish and articulate our distinctive place within
Emory University and higher education. Many aspects of Oxford’s
academic community contribute to our success in educating and
transforming our students, and we must articulate and focus on
our accomplishments. We must build upon our recognition by the
Carnegie Foundation as a leader in teaching and learning and become
more visible as a national model for engaged student-centered
learning and as an educational laboratory where innovative ideas,
approaches, and methods are implemented, assessed, and then refined.
One way to highlight these strengths is to define further and
to develop in an integrated way “signature programs”
at Oxford, such as our scholarship of teaching and learning efforts
and the Pierce Institute for Leadership and Community Engagement.
The key to our ability to become more visible within Emory University
and to recruit more effectively prospective students is the necessity
of restructuring university admissions to present Oxford and Emory
colleges as academically equivalent options, placed in distinct
Our strategic planning process has also demonstrated the urgent
need for significant financial investment in people, programs,
and facilities. The recruitment of students is hindered by the
contrast of our physical plant with other colleges and universities—and
even many high schools. A significant investment of resources
is required to continue to attract talented faculty, staff, and
students and excel as a laboratory of teaching and learning.
Oxford’s success in providing a transformative learning
environment and the accomplishments of our graduates are well
known—and, based on the information currently available,
well deserved; our successes, however, are not well documented.
In order to ascertain, assess, and promote Oxford’s achievements
we must establish a systematic program of institutional research
at Oxford College.
We recognize Oxford’s responsibility to diversify and increase
our sources of revenue, through increasing our donor base, facilitating
additional grant writing capabilities, further work with foundations,
and tapping more fully the potential of our loyal alumni. Emory’s
forthcoming comprehensive capital campaign also provides an opportunity
to raise necessary funds, develop additional relationships with
donors, and build our endowment to support our vision of excellence
in undergraduate education.
Oxford’s environmental assessment has also begun to clarify
more fully what Oxford students, faculty, staff, and administration
have long known about our transformative learning environment
but have not expressed as cogently and forcefully as necessary.
Oxford is also distinctive, in part, because of its connectedness
with Emory University, and Emory University is also distinctive,
in part, because of Oxford’s role as a laboratory of transformative
learning within it. Oxford’s place in the heart of Emory
stems not only from its unique contribution to Emory’s heritage
but also to Emory’s vision of being a destination university
that is an inquiry-driven, ethically engaged, and diverse community.
AE: Would you describe the planning approach on your campus
as open? Or secretive? Proprietary? In what ways?
DG: The process has been very open, and all members of the community
have been invited to participate. The primary limitation to an
even more open process would be the constraints of time. The timetable
for the strategic planning process is very ambitious and very
difficult to accomplish in conjunction with an academic calendar.
Several faculty, staff, and students have devoted significant
portions of their summer to working on Oxford’s strategic
AE: A recurring question among faculty is whether such plan
will actually lead to change and growth, or whether it will become
obsolete. What are your thoughts?
DG: I certainly have seen a number of such efforts—both
here and at other institutions—that are currently collecting
dust on various shelves. This process seems different to me, however,
for two main reasons. First, it already has generated positive
results by helping us to articulate even more clearly Oxford’s
distinctive place within Emory University and higher education.
Second, the strategic plan—which includes a resource plan,
financial projections, and a strategic investment plan—is
intimately connected to the setting of priorities within the budgeting
process and for the forthcoming comprehensive capital campaign.
So I am much more hopeful that this process will have a real and
positive impact for the university.
AE: Stanley Fish wrote recently in the Chronicle of Higher Education
that “change cannot be engineered and change will always
occur;” and “Planning is necessary and planning won’t
work.” How do we make a plan that is realistic about that
which cannot be planned for?
DG: This question is more difficult to address. To agree with
the quotes, I’d have to change them slightly: “Change
will always occur, but it cannot always be engineered,”
and “Planning is necessary, but planning often won’t
work.” As difficult as the strategic planning process is,
I believe it will help us articulate our identity and mission
better, make budgetary decisions more effectively, and allow us
to be more successful in our comprehensive capital campaign. Of
course, we cannot plan for unexpected events, but careful strategic
planning might help us to be better prepared to respond to the
of Medicine elects Emory faculty to membership
Institute of Medicine (IOM) has elected three Emory University
faculty members and two adjunct/clinical faculty members to its
new class of 65 top national health scientists. This brings Emory's
total IOM membership to eighteen, including adjunct professors—an
increase from just one member only a decade ago. Election to the
Institute of Medicine is considered one of the highest honors
in the fields of medicine and health. Current active members elect
new members from among candidates nominated for their professional
achievement and commitment to service.
Ruth L. Berkelman, MD, Rollins Professor and Director of the Center
Public Health Preparedness and Research in the Rollins School
Health; Mahlon DeLong, MD, William P. Timmie Professor of Neurology
and Director, Emory Comprehensive Neuroscience Center, Emory University
School of Medicine; and Stephen T. Warren, PhD, William P. Timmie
Professor and Chair of Human Genetics in Emory University School
of Medicine, are newly elected members of the IOM. Julie L. Gerberding,
MD, MPH, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
clinical associate professor of medicine in Emory University School
of Medicine and adjunct professor of epidemiology in the Rollins
School of Public Health; and James Marks, MD, MPH, a CDC scientist
and adjunct associate professor of epidemiology in the Rollins
School of Public Health also were elected to membership.
Dr. Berkelman is a public health leader who has long been at the
of the effort to prepare for the threat of emerging infectious
She has been a member of the Rollins School of Public Health faculty
2001, with a joint appointment in Emory University School of Medicine.
her former roles as assistant surgeon general of the U.S. Public
Service and as deputy director of the National Center for Infectious
Diseases, she has confronted head on the critical need to develop
against the new and reemerging biological pathogens identified
over the past two decades. She recently was appointed chair of
the American Society of Microbiology's Public and Scientific Affairs
Board, and she is a member of the Institute of Medicine's Forum
on Emerging Infections and a member of the National Academies'
Board of Life Science.
Dr. DeLong is internationally recognized for his pioneering research
Parkinson1s disease and other movement disorders. An Emory School
Medicine faculty member since 1990, he established Emory's NIH-funded
Parkinson's Disease Center for Excellence, one of the nation1s
comprehensive and successful Parkinson's research and treatment
programs. Dr. DeLong's research led to a new understanding of
the mechanisms behind Parkinson's and opened the door to an era
of medical and surgical treatment advances that have dramatically
improved the quality of life for thousands of patients. Dr. DeLong
continues to lead research programs and develop new strategies
that offer tremendous hope for patients with degenerative diseases
and movement disorders.
Dr. Warren, who joined the Emory University School of Medicine
1985, is renowned for leading an international research team that
the gene responsible for fragile X syndrome, the most common inherited
form of mental retardation. This groundbreaking discovery also
led to the
uncovering of "triplet repeat expansion," the unique
present in more than a dozen genetic disorders, including Huntington
Disease. This year Dr. Warren was chosen president-elect of the
Society of Human Genetics. In 2003 the National Institute of Child
and Human Development selected him for its Hall of Honor. He has
served as editor-in-chief of the American Journal of Human
Genetics since 1999.
Established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences, the Institute
Medicine is recognized as a national resource for independent,
scientifically informed analysis and recommendations on issues
human health. With their election, members make a commitment to
significant amount of volunteer time as members on IOM committees,
which engage in a broad range of studies on health policy issues.
Emory IOM members include Michael Johns, Arthur Kellermann, Jeffrey
Koplan, James Curran, William Foege, Donald Hopkins, Luella Klein,
Reynaldo Martorell, Charles Nemeroff, Godfrey Oakley, Mark Rosenberg,
Marla Salmon, and Asa Yancey .
Emory faculty authors of books
December 2, the Academic Exchange, the Office of the Bookstore
Liaison, and Druid Hills Bookstore is planning to host a celebration
of 2004 Emory authors (or editors) of books. We know, however,
that our list of such authors is incomplete. Please take a look
at the list below, compiled from our own records and resources.
If you published a book this year and your name is not on here,
please let us know by emailing Allison Adams, editor of the Academic
Exchange, at email@example.com. If you know of a colleague who
published this year and whose name is not on here, again, please
let us know. Likewise any errors you might spot.
Look for more information to come about the December 2 event.
2004 Emory Faculty Authors of Books
Mahmoud Al-Batal, Kristen Brustad and Abbas Al-Tonsi. Alif
Baa: Introduction to Arabic Letters and Sounds and Al-Kitaab:
A Textbook for Beginning Arabic, Part I (second ed. with
DVDs). Georgetown UP: 2004.
Patrick Allitt. Religion in America Since 1945: A History.
Columbia University Press: 2004.
Patrick Allitt. I’m the Teacher, You’re the Student:
A Semester in the University Classroom. University of Pennsylvania
Peggy Barlett, co-editor with Geoffrey W. Chase. Sustainability
on Campus: Stories and Strategies for Change. MIT Press:
Robert C. Bartlett. Plato’s Protagoras and Meno.
Cornell University Press: 2004.
Harold J. Berman. Law and Revolution, II: The Impact of the
Protestant Reformations on the Western Legal Tradition. Harvard
University Press: 2004.
Martha Albertson Fineman. The Autonomy Myth: A Theory of Dependency.
The New Press: 2004.
Howard Frumkin. Urban Sprawl and Public Health: Designing,
Planning and Building for Healthy Communities. Island Press:
Shalom L. Goldman. God’s Sacred Tongue: Hebrew and the
American Imagination. University of North Carolina Press:
Jim Grimsley. The Ordinary. Tor Books: 2004.
Carol Herron, coauthored with Matthew Morris and Colette
Estin. Identité, Modernite, Texte. Yale UP: 2004.
Luke Timothy Johnson. Brother of Jesus, Friend of God: Studies
in the Letter of James. William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company:
Luke Timothy Johnson. The Living Gospel. Continuum International
Publishing Group, Incorporated: 2004.
Bruce Knauft. The Gebusi: Lives Transformed in a Rainforest
World. McGraw-Hill: 2004
Melvin Konner. Unsettled. Penguin Group (USA) Incorporated:
Earl Lewis. Defending Diversity: Affirmative Action at the
University of Michigan. University of Michigan Press, 2004.
Scott Lilienfeld, Steven Jay Lynn, and Jeffrey M Lohr, co-editors.
Science and Pseudoscience in Clinical Psychology. Guilford
Publications, Incorporated: 2004.
Charlotte McDaniel, Organizational Ethics: Research and Ethical
Environments. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishers: 2004.
Randall M. Packard, Peter J. Brown, Ruth L. Berkelman, and Howard
Frumkin, co-editors. Emerging Illnesses and Society: Negotiating
the Public Health Agenda. Johns Hopkins Press: 2004.
Sidney Perkowitz. Digital People: From Bionic Humans to Androids.
National Academy Press: 2004.
Julie Shayne. The Revolution Question: Feminisms in El Salvador,
Chile, and Cuba. Rutgers University Press: 2004.
Vanessa Siddle Walker and John R. Snarey, co-editors. Race-ing
Moral Formation: African American Perspectives on Care and Justice.
Teachers College Press: 2004
John Stone. Music from Apartment 8: New and Selected Poems.
Louisiana State University Press: 2004.
Donald Stein. Buying In or Selling Out. Rutgers University
Steven Strange and Zack Zupko, co-editors. Stoicism: Traditions
and Transformations. Cambridge University Press: 2004.
Anthony Stringer Receives Rare Board Certification in Clinical
Stringer, director of neuropsychology in Emory’s Department
of Rehabilitation Medicine, has attained board certification in
neuropsychology from the American Board of Professional Psychology,
an achievement reached by only five hundred neuropsychologists
in the U.S. and seven in the state of Georgia. Stringer is also
the first African American to achieve board certification in neuropsychology.
Neuropsychology is a specialty area within the field of psychology
focusing on the relationship between brain dysfunction and its
effects on cognitive skills and behavior. In rehabilitation medicine,
neuropsychologists work with patients who experience memory loss
resulting from a variety of physical impairments such as stroke,
epilepsy, surgery, and traumatic brain injury.
Although board certification is the standard for medical doctors,
it is the exception for psychologists. The certification process
includes a close examination of the candidate's clinical experience,
a one-hundred-question, three-hour written exam, the submission
of two case reports including support materials, and a three-hour
oral exam. ''It's an arduous process, but one that's worth it,"
says Stringer, adding that he is surprised he is the first African
American to achieve certification. ''It's certainly a nice honor.
There are perceptions that neuropsychology is a very difficult
field to go into, and therefore many people are deterred from
trying to enter it. I hope I have created a perception that a
door has been open, and more people will follow in my footsteps."
Thomas Moore book and recording to be featured on nationwide radio
program "Thistle and Shamrock"
Flannery’s book/recording Dear Harp of My Country: The
Irish Melodies of Thomas Moore will for the third time be
featured in October on Public Radio’s nationally syndicated
“The Thistle and Shamrock.” Host Fiona Ritchie has
described Flannery’s recording of thirty-nine of the airs
of Moore as “a landmark collection” and credits his
work with gaining an understanding of Moore as Ireland’s
first internationally-known Irish artist as well as a seminal
figure in the revival of Irish traditional music and the establishment
of the Irish literary and dramatic movement. She also praises
Flannery’s effort to establish the connections between Moore
and the Scottish bard Robert Burns, especially in their effort
to create a cultural identity for their respective nations by
writing patriotic lyrics to ancient Celtic airs.
Atlanta, the PBS-affiliate WABE (90.1 FM) will broadcast “The
Thistle and Shamrock” program devoted to Flannery’s
work on Sunday, October 17, from 12:00 p.m. to 1:00 p.m. “The
Thistle and Shamrock” is broadcast internationally via NPR
Worldwide and is also streamed on many affiliate stations.
“The Thistle and Shamrock” is the most popular and
influential program devoted to Celtic music and culture on the
airways. In the United States it is broadcast weekly on over 390
PBS stations nationwide while it is also broadcast throughout
Europe on the BBC international network. Fiona Ritchie, who first
began broadcasting “The Thistle and Shamrock” from
Charlotte, North Carolina in 1983, is often credited with making
the single most important contribution to the worldwide interest
in Celtic music.
Flannery holds the Winship Chair of Arts and Humanities at Emory
University where he teaches mainly in Irish Studies. He is currently
working on another book/recording, Heart Mysteries: Traditional
Love Songs of the Irish. He also produces the annual Atlanta Celtic
Christmas Concert, now in its twelfth season.
professor comments in New York Times on hip-hop and the
You’ll probably never hear the music from hard-edged rappers
like Slim Shady or Dr. Dre right before the preacher’s sermon.
But according to a recent New York Times article, the
long-standing antagonism between hip-hop and the church (one Harlem
Reverend literally drove a steamroller over a pile of CDs 11 years
ago) has diminished to the point where the blunt rhythms are heard
more frequently during services, though fleshed out with gospel
messages. The idea is to embrace at least part of the hip-hop
culture, fill up the pews and spread the Word to young people
who are drawn to the street-wise honesty of hip-hop. Said Alton
Pollard III, the director of black church studies at the Candler
School of Theology, who is quoted in the article, the resistance
that many churches have shown to hip-hop culture resembles previous
battles over gospel music or drums in church. “This is just
the latest version" of the battle, he said. "It's about
the continuing need for new expressions of what it means to be
human, and the church oftentimes is not able to keep up, whether
we're talking about jazz, the blues, soul or gospel music.”
To read the full text of the Times article, visit http://www.nytimes.com/2004/09/13/arts/music/13hiph.html
Powers of Recall
September 20 edition of Newsweek magazine includes a
mention of a recent article in the journal Applied Cognitive
Psychology that examines a case-in-point of the plasticity
of memory, a key notion explored in the September 2004 cover story
of the Academic Exchange on memory research. In "President
Bush's False Flashbulb Memory of 9/11/01"(published online
in March 2004 in Applied Cognitive Psychology), Daniel
Greenberg of Duke University notes that President George W. Bush's
reported recollections of how he learned of the attacks on the
World Trade Center are factually impossible. The inacurracies,
suggests Greenberg, are a prominent example of evidence that "flashbulb
memories"—memories of major events people believe they
remember perfectly—are not as perpect and indelible as experts
to read the Newsweek article.
for an abstract, references list, and downloadable .pdf file of
the full Applied Cognitive Psychology article text.
for the Academic Exchange article on the art and science
Poetry of Memory
the cover story of the September 2004 issue of the Academic
Exchange, Emory scholars from the sciences to the liberal
arts reflect on their investigations into the nature and mechanisms
of memory. Such inquiries also loom large in the work of associate
professor of creative writing and poet Natasha Trethewey.
The cultural and the chemical processes of memory making are similar
because their meaning takes shape over a period of time. In both
processes, meaning may change as memories are recalled repeatedly.
For Tretheway, this plasticity in cultural memory allows for a
productive tension between history and imagination.
Even though each of her books is different, Trethewey says, “the
underlying obsession is the same. I’m really interested
in the way we make cultural memory and the gaps between personal
stories and authoritative history—what gets written down
and what gets written out.” Trethewey’s current project
examines the “Native Guards” during the Civil War
in her home state of Mississippi. Newly freed slaves joined the
Union troops on Gulf Coast barrier islands that are now home to
a national park.
you don’t know to ask who those soldiers really were, the
park ranger doesn’t mention it," she says. "So
the idea of the Native Guards became for me both the literal subject
of poems—the soldiers I’m writing about—and
a figurative connection to myself as a mixed-race daughter of
the South, standing at the borders of this history.”
is a poem inspired by Trethewey's explorations of memories of
the Native Guards.
for the Native Guards
Now that the salt of their blood
Stiffens the saltier oblivion of the sea…
leave Gulfport at noon; gulls overhead
trailing the boat—streamers, noisy fanfare—
all the way to Ship Island. What we see
first is the fort, its roof of grass, a lee—
half reminder of the men who lived there—
a weathered monument to some of the dead.
Inside we follow the ranger, hurried
though we are to get to the beach. He tells
of graves lost in the Gulf, the island split
in half when Hurricane Camille hit,
shows us casemates, cannons, the store that sells
souvenirs, tokens of history long buried.
The Daughters of the Confederacy
have placed a plaque here, at the fort’s entrance—
each Confederate soldier’s name raised hard
in bronze; no names carved for the Native Guards—
2nd regiment, Union men, black phalanx.
What is monument to their legacy?
All the grave markers, all the crude headstones—
water-lost. Now fish dart among their bones,
and we listen for what the waves intone.
Only the fort remains, near forty feet high,
round, unfinished, half-open to the sky,
the elements—wind, rain—God’s deliberate
appeared in The Atlanta Review, Fall 2002]
Associate Editor of the Academic Exchange
five years, Amy Benson Brown served as the assistant and later
associate editor of the Academic Exchange. With her poet’s
ear and her doctorate in literature, Brown brought the rich perspective
of a humanist to bear on major issues in the sciences at Emory,
as well as larger questions of university life. Brown is now devoting
her energies to the continued growth of the Provost’s Program
in Manuscript Development, an initiative she launched two years
ago to help faculty respond to the changing landscape of scholarly
Succeeding Amy Brown as associate editor of the Exchange is Steve
Frandzel, an accomplished science writer and editor whose work
has focused on healthcare and related sciences, as well as the
social and economic impact of medicine. Frandzel joined the staff
on August 9.
of Emory Psychiatry Department Killed in Car Crash in China
Wang, MD, PhD, a promising researcher at the interface between
immunology and psychiatry with particular regard to anxiety, depression
and mood disorders in patients with cancer and other medical illnesses,
was killed Saturday, July 24, in a car accident along with his
sixth-grade son Jim while vacationing in Wuhan, China. He had
returned to China for the first time in a number of years to visit
his parents. Dr. Wang’s wife, Dr. Xiao Lan Ou, and their
older son, John, escaped injury in the accident.
Dr. Wang, 47, was an assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral
sciences in the Emory University School of Medicine. He practiced
throughout the Emory system at Emory University Hospital, Emory
Crawford Long Hospital, Wesley Woods Geriatric Hospital, and Grady
Memorial Hospital, where his main clinical responsibilities were
in the psychiatric emergency room.
“Xiaohong Wang was a model faculty member who was universally
liked and respected,” said psychiatry department chairman
Dr. Charles Nemeroff. “This is a tragedy and a shock whose
pain will be felt not only by his family but by all his friends
and colleagues here at Emory.”
Dr. Wang was a graduate of the Tongji Medical University in Wuhan,
China, who had served an internship at Wayne State University
in Detroit and a residency at the State University of New York
– Upstate Medical University in Syracuse. He had also pursued
his education at Texas A&M where he earned a PhD. A member
of the American Psychiatric Association, he had been recognized
with a Janssen Psychiatry Resident Award of Excellence, a Janssen
Faculty Career Development Award, a Young Investigator Award from
the National Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia and Depression,
psychiatric research fellowship sponsored by the APA and Wyeth-Ayerst,
and a Research Scientist Development Award from the National Institute
of Mental Health.
Dr. Wang was also an outstanding teacher, receiving the psychiatry
residents’ teaching award in 2003. He came to Emory in 2001
and his research program was regarded as extremely promising.
His studies provided novel insights into the role of inflammation
in the development of mood disorders as well as the regulation
of the neuroendocrine system. He had taken on three postdoctoral
research fellows just in the past several months.
“Xiaohong was a treasured friend, whom we will all miss
terribly,” said Dr. Andrew H. Miller, professor of psychiatry
and behavioral sciences and director of psychiatric oncology at
Emory’s Winship Cancer Institute. “He was on a major
upswing in his career, and his premature death is all the more
tragic when considering his immense potential to make significant
contributions to the lives of so many.”
The funeral was held in China. The department plans to hold a
memorial service in Atlanta. Dr. Wang resided in Tucker.
a recent essay in the Chronicle of Higher Education (“White
Professors Can Help Uproot Racism,” May 7, 2004, B16), Julie
W. de Sherbinin, associate professor of Russian at Colby College,
discusses her efforts to form a collective of mostly white faculty
members to become better allies to students of color on her campus.
Earlier in her career, de Sherbinin writes, she was primarily
concerned with tenure, but she became increasingly interested
over the last decade in race-related issues. She began attending
lectures, films, and forums on race; she read extensively about
white privilege; and she eventually became involved with the campus
chapter of the Society Organized Against Racism in New England
Higher Education (SOAR). Finally, after talking with many colleagues
who had served as mentors to students of color and hearing stories
of students’ encounters with racism on campus, she invited
faculty members to get together to discuss these issues, resulting
in the formation of a group called Faculty Allies. This group’s
goal, writes de Sherbinin, is “to contribute to the academic
and social success of students of color through informal faculty-student
interactions.” Faculty Allies has been involved with planning
faculty-student events; it provides faculty mentors for students
at the students’ request; and it recently sponsored the
publication of a poetry volume by African American and Latino
students. Although de Sherbinin recognizes that this group “does
not represent an unmitigated success story” and acknowledges
that “uprooting racism happens excrutiatingly slowly,”
she does assert that white faculty members can do their part by
working as academic mentors and through social interactions. To
read the full article, visit http://chronicle.com/prm/weekly/v50/i35/35b01601.htm.
read the April/May Academic Exchange examination of race and the
faculty, visit http://www.emory.edu/ACAD_EXCHANGE/2004/aprmay/lead.html
from “Coping with Copyright”
A panel discussion sponsored by the Manuscript Development
Program and the Academic Exchange on April 15, 2004
Topics included: basic definitions in copyright law; trends
toward broader copyright restrictions; the process, time, and
cost of securing permissions for scholarly books; and issues covered
by the TEACH (Technology, Education and Copyright Harmonization
Act). Below are highlights from the four speakers’ remarks.
Contact Amy Benson Brown at firstname.lastname@example.org if you are interested
in obtaining a transcript.
“There is a broad march of expanding copyright to cover
anything that anyone considers creative and pretty soon we will
have nailed everything down, and we won’t be able to use
anything without a license. . . . We have a trend that’s
not favorable for academics."
—Sara Stadler Nelson, Assistant Professor in the School
“What was particularly surprising was the amount of time
this process of securing permissions took—and how much it
cost, even after my negotiations. And it is possible to negotiate
with the publishers. As Routledge says in their packet: 'Don’t
be afraid to try to negotiate the fees or have them waived entirely.'
But simply collecting these permissions took me approximately
—Kim Loudermilk, Director of Special Academic Projects in
“My press said, 'We can’t go forward with your book
until you clear this permissions issue up.' I asked my editor,
'Will you consult your legal department?' The legal department
came back and said, 'You’ve got to clear this up.' I called
Emory University’s General Counsel Office, and the response
was that I needed to find a lawyer. What I was faced with was
educating myself on the state of the fair use laws in copyright
at my own expense, to try and figure this thing out.”
—Matthew Bernstein, Associate Professor in the Film
“We all need to do something about it because right now
the content provider industry has the ear of Congress, and they
have it very effectively. If we don’t stand up and let our
voices be heard, the long-term repercussions . . . [will] impact
creativity in this country. The way derivative works are being
interpreted today, they seem to cover any and all uses of the
original copyrighted work, and that’s a real problem. It’s
not only creativity at stake but also innovation, even technical
innovation in the long, run if we don’t address this.”
—Doris Kirby, Director of Policy and Compliance for
IT at Emory
on Scholarship in an Age of Terror
Emory Professor of Religion Paul Courtright was featured in a
Washington Post article about recent attacks on scholars
of Hinduism. The wave of attacks has been orchestrated by the
Hidutva movement, which claims, “scholars are imposing a
Eurocentric world view” on their culture, writes Post
reporter Shankar Vedantam in the April 10, 2004, issue. A brief
section of Courtight’s 1985 study of the Hindu god Ganesha
(published by Oxford UP) incensed some readers by offering a psychoanalytic
reading of one part of the mythology.
The article connects the email threats and online petition against
Courtright to recent attacks on other Hinduists. In November,
University of Chicago scholar Wendy Doniger was “egged"
in London but escaped injury. And in January a work by Macalester
College Professor James Laine on an ancient Hindu King sparked
an assault on one of his collaborators and on materials in an
institute housing rare manuscripts in India.
Registered users may view the Post
article by clicking
here to read Coutright's reflections on the charges against
his work, threats against his person, and the challenges that
this kind of attack poses for scholars, students, and scholarly
associations, in the April edition of the Academic Exchange.