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Chimps Transmit Cultural Behavior Through Generations
August 30, 2006

For the first time, researchers have shown that chimpanzees exhibit generational learning behavior similar to that in humans. Unlike previous findings that indicated chimpanzees simply conform to the social norms of the group, the results show that behavior and traditions can be passed along a chain of individual chimpanzees. The findings will be published online in the August 28 early edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Using a research design that simulated transmission over multiple generations, Victoria Horner of the University of St. Andrews and the Yerkes Research Center, along with Yerkes researcher Frans B.M. de Waal, and St. Andrews researcher Andrew Whiten, closely examined how chimpanzees learn from each other and the potential longevity of their culture. They confirmed that a particular behavior can be transmitted accurately along a chain of up to six chimpanzees, representing six simulated generations equaling about ninety years of culture in the wild.

In the study, chimps in two social groups learned a to open a special testing box one of two ways—by sliding or lifting the door—to reveal fruit inside. Chimps in a third, control group, were allowed to explore the testing box but given no instruction. Once each individual animal from the first two social groups proved successful, another animal from the same social group was allowed to observe the process before interacting with the testing box. Once the second animal succeeded, another chimpanzee would enter and observe the technique, and so on down the chain. In the two social groups trained to slide or lift the door, the technique used by the original animal was passed to up to six chimpanzees. The chimpanzees in the control group were able to discover both methods through individual exploration, suggesting the exclusive use of a single technique in the noncontrol groups was due to behavioral transmission from a previous animal.

“The chimpanzees in this study continued using only the technique they observed rather than an alternative method,” said Horner. “This finding is particularly remarkable considering the chimpanzees in the control group were able to discover both methods through individual exploration. Clearly, observing one exclusive technique from a previous chimpanzee was sufficient for transmission of behavior along multiple cultural generations.”

Gearing up for the rankings race, 2006-07
August 16, 2006

Playing the rankings games while pretending that they don’t matter has become an annual ritual in the academic calendar. As an August 16 New York Times piece noted, “Early this morning, U.S. News & World Report will send e-mail messages to hundreds of college administrators, giving them an advance peek at the magazine’s annual college ranking. They will find out whether Princeton will be at the top of the list for the seventh straight year, whether Emory can break into the top 15 and where their own university ranks.”  

One bit of news is already public knowledge:  Emory has been named in Kaplan/Newsweek’s 2007 “How to Get Into College Guide” as one of the “New Ivies”—colleges whose first-rate academic programs, combined with a population boom in top students, have fueled their rise in stature and favor among the nation’s top students, administration, and faculty.

According to Newsweek, “the demand for an excellent education has created an ever-expanding supply of big and small campuses that provide great academics and first-rate faculties.”

 At the same time, however, eleven of Canada’s universities made their opinion known about such rankings. The schools are refusing to participate in the Maclean’s university ranking issue because they hold the magazine’s methodology to be “oversimplified” and “arbitrary.” The issue is a Canadian version of the controversial college ranking issue published by US News & World Report.

According to an article in The Globe and Mail, a national Canadian newspaper, a coalition of the school presidents sent a letter to Maclean’s saying that they will no longer provide data to the magazine for it’s annual fall survey of universities. The letter stated that “ in various ways and for some years, many institutional spokespersons have expressed considerable reservations about the methodology used in the Maclean’s university survey and the validity of some of the measures used. Thus far, these serious concerns have gone largely unaddressed, and there is still no evidence that Maclean's intends to respond to them.”

Tony Keller, managing editor of special projects at Maclean’s, said that the ranking issue will continue, and that none of the boycotting schools will be “punished” or excluded from the rankings.

Peter George, president of McMaster University, said that rankings may sell magazines, but they do not provide information to students about their particular programs or university life in general.

To view the New York Times article, visit http://www.nytimes.com/2006/08/16/business/media/16leonhardt.html?_r=1&oref=slogin

To view the Newsweek story, visit http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/14325172/  

To view the Globe and Mail story, visit
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/RTGAM.20060814.wuniversities15/BNStory/Front/home

To view the AE article “By a Nose: Jockeying in the rankings race,” visit http://www.emory.edu/ACAD_EXCHANGE/2005/octnov/lead.html.


Preaching to the Pocketbook
August 9, 2006

“Recently I visited the Atlanta church led by the Reverend Creflo Dollar—yes, his real name. In the middle of an otherwise good sermon, he began to speak adoringly about a Rolls Royce given by a friend. He urged listeners not to confuse this Rolls with the one provided by the church years earlier.”

That’s how Professor of Theology Robert Franklin began a scathing commentary aired on a recent broadcast of National Public Radio’s Morning Edition.

Didn’t ministers use to promise amazing grace for people burdened by bad choices, Franklin wondered? He went on to criticize the mercenary bent of “prosperity preachers” who distort “the simple ethic of love, forgiveness and service at the heart of the religion of Jesus.” 

In Franklin’s view, such preachers do a disservice to their flocks by purveying little more than a culture of feeling good. These “religious entrepreneurs” are more concerned about wealth, success (their own), and patriotism. It was not always so, he observed, calling up images of preachers who, in troubled times, rallied the faithful by calling for repentance, intellectual clarity, and unity in pursuit of righteous goals.

“Once again, the country is in conflict,” said Franklin. “But our most visible preachers have departed from a noble American tradition of social-ethical preaching. They’ve entered the pulpit with strange manuscripts that answer questions no one’s asking. I’d love to hear fewer sermons about luxury cars and seed gifts, and more of them about economic justice for those left behind by a growing economy. Today’s preachers of prosperity and piety should rediscover the social-ethical values in that old-time religion. Maybe then our pulpits will thunder with the sounds of truth, justice, and the American way.”

To hear Franklin’s complete commentary, visit http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5624473


HIV Researchers Receive Major Grant
August 2, 2006

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has given $4.5 million to two Emory researchers seeking a vaccine for HIV and AIDS. The grant, announced last week, is part of a $30.1 million donation from the foundation to the worldwide effort to develop such a vaccine, according to a July 29 article in the Atlanta Journal-Constitution.

The two faculty spearheading the Emory effort are Bali Pulendran, an immunologist and professor in the Department of Pathology in the medical school and a researcher in the Emory Vaccine Center, and Rafi Ahmed, director of the Emory Vaccine Center and professor of immunology.

Pulendran says that vaccines are in the developmental pipeline and that “tremendous progress” has been made in finding drugs to keep people who are infected with HIV alive and living better, but an effective vaccine probably won’t emerge for another decade or longer. “There are some processes we understand very much, but there are some huge unsolved puzzles,” Pulendran says. “There is every reason to be hopeful, but that must be balanced by a sense of realism. This virus has so many tricks up its sleeve that we have to figure out how to combat those.”

Specifically, the two Emory scientists will be studying the immune system and looking for ways to encourage it to adapt to offer immunity to HIV, which means, according to Pulendran, harnessing the innate immunity to boost the body's defenses against HIV.

Transatlantic Slave Voyages Data To Go Online
July 27, 2006

Backed by grants totaling more than $350,000, Emory will revised and expand a renowned database of slave trade voyages, according to a recent article from the Associated Press. The records, which contain eight-two percent of the entire history of the slave trade, will be made available for free on the Internet for the first time.

Funding includes $324,000 from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and $25,000 from Harvard University’s W.E.B. DuBois Institute for African and African American Research. The expansion of the current database is based on the seminal 1999 work “The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade,” a CD-ROM that includes more than 27,000 slave trade voyages and has been popular with scholars and genealogists.

“We’re trying to do for African Americans what’s been done for Euro-Americans already,” says David Eltis, Robert W. Woodruff Professor of History and one of the scholars who published “The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade.” Eltis and Martin Halbert, director of digital programs and systems for Emory’s libraries, are directing the project. 

“There are more data on the slave trade than on the free migrant movement simply because the slave trade was a business and people were property, so records were likely to be better,” says Eltis. “What the database makes possible is the establishment of links between America and Africa in a way that already has been done by historians on Europeans for many years.”
The expanded database making its debut on the Internet will include auxiliary materials such as maps, ship logs, and manifests. It also will be presented in a two-tier format: one for professional researchers, another for K-12 students and general audiences. At the end of the two-year project, online researchers also will be able to submit new data to an editorial board for vetting and future inclusion in the database. 

The project is part of Emory Library’s MetaScholar Initiative, which focuses on supporting a range of scholarly work with the goal of realizing the possibilities for research and scholarship in the digital age. Through the initiative, Emory is gaining a national reputation as a leader in digital library development. In the past five years, the initiative has received more than $3.6 million in grant support from organizations such as the Mellon Foundation, the Institute of Museum and Library Services, and NEH.


Emory Pulls Physicians from Grady Hospital Staff
July 24, 2006

In a move reflective of tensions between Emory and Grady Hospital, Emory Medical School is dismissing seventeen physicians who work on the Grady staff, according to a recent article in the Atlanta Journal-Constitution.

“Money has gotten tighter and tighter for Emory and Grady,” Claudia Adkinson, executive associate dean at Emory School of Medicine, told the AJC. "We are trying to focus our resources more on our academic mission. These physicians in neighborhood clinics were not carrying out our academic mission.” The clinic doctors were employed as a courtesy to Grady, she added, and the amount Grady owes Emory tends to increase when Grady struggles financially. “Grady would pay us if they could,”

Emory, the article continued, said it hoped the doctors would stay at the clinics as Grady employees. The medical school plans to keep other doctors now working at Grady in place, and Grady has offered to hire the Emory physicians. But since the dismissals were announced last year, six doctors have departed, and it’s not known how many will continue at the clinics as Grady employees. The doctors will no longer be Emory employees beginning September 1.
           
The situation underscores Grady’s precarious financial position. Emory has provided physicians to the hospital for decades, and in turn the school trains medical residents and students there. Emory provides about 80 percent of the physicians who care for patients at Grady facilities. The rest come from Morehouse School of Medicine. Grady pays Emory about $60 million annually for use of hundreds of its physicians, but the hospital is currently past due on $43 million that it owes to the school.

Emory “is abandoning its commitment it made to these doctors,” said Henry Kahn, a volunteer physician at a Grady clinic and retired Emory School of Medicine professor. “Emory doesn’t appreciate the importance of primary care.”
           
Adkinson, however, said that is not the case. “Grady is undergoing difficult times. We try to work with them very closely.”


Emory Recognized as Among "Best Workplaces for Commuters"
July 12, 2006

Emory has been named one of the “Best Workplaces for Commuters” by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, in the EPA’s first annual list of notable schools. The school is among seventy-two institutions of higher education that earned the designation as environmental leaders that improve air quality, save energy, and reduce traffic congestion in their communities. The U.S. Department of Transportation cosponsors the recognition program with the EPA, and Emory first made the EPA’s general list of workplaces in 2001.

Emory’s administration has spent the past decade encouraging employees to ditch their cars or hitch a ride with colleagues. This fall, the number of campus shuttle routes will nearly double, and the Park-and-Ride program will expand. More than half of Emory’s buses are alternatively fueled (CNG and electric) and the university is developing a recycled biodiesel program (creating fuel from its own used cooking oil) that should help fuel the rest of the fleet by fall. The university’s efforts to ease traffic congestion and improve air quality have also been recognized each year since 2000 by Atlanta’s Clean Air Campaign, and the school has been cited by The Chronicle of Higher Education as a “green campus.”

Commuter options at Emory provide employees with a wide range of choices. The university has twenty-four vanpools operating from eight counties. Both employee and student carpoolers receive parking discounts, and employee carpools with more than three riders qualify for a free parking hangtag and a reserved parking space. Employees in the bike/walk program receive twenty one-day passes on MARTA every other month for a total of one hundred passes per year. Employees registered in the transit program receive free monthly MARTA passes.


Emergency Rooms Stretched Too Thin
June 30, 2006

American emergency rooms are stretched to the breaking point and are not prepared to handle widespread illness or an event with mass casualties, according to a study released June 14 by the Institute of Medicine.

“You’ve got to ask yourself, if our 911 services are struggling to handle our daily and nightly 911 calls, how in the world are they going to handle a mass-casualty event, a terrorist strike, an outbreak of infectious disease or a natural disaster?” Arthur Kellerman, a report co-author and chair of emergency medicine at Emory said at a news conference and reported by the Atlanta Journal Constitution.

According to the report, the system’s failures leave patients waiting hours for treatment at overcrowded emergency departments or being turned away altogether. Authorities say that correcting the problems will require millions of dollars— preferably redirected bioterror money—as well as attention to patient diversions, hospital bed space, and nursing shortages.

Kellerman also said that there’s no regionwide coordination of hospital emergency rooms “to make sure the right person gets to the right hospital at the right time. In many cities like Atlanta, there is no control tower.”

In a June 15 interview on National Public Radio, Kellerman, while touring the Grady Hospital emergency room where he practices, estimated that 80 to 86 patients were in the ER waiting room, yet the earliest check-in had been ten hours before.

One reason his emergency room is backing up, Kellerman said, is that few beds in the main part of the hospital open up at night. So when a patient is stabilized in the ER, there’s no place to move them to.

The problems, the Institute of Medicine said in its three-volume report, grow from the need for emergency rooms to provide routine care for millions of uninsured patients, a shortage of nurses and medical specialists, and failure to use modern methods of managing the flow of patients.

“We value emergency care in this country so much that it is the only medical care to which Americans have a legal right,” Kellerman told the Atlanta Journal Constitution. “But we value it so little that we’re not willing to pay for it. It is, in the congressional parlance, an unfunded mandate.”

New Vice Provost For Academic Initiatives appointed
June 21, 2006

Emory University has named Santa Ono to the newly created post of vice provost for academic initiatives. Ono, who currently is associate dean of students and GlaxoSmithKline Professor of Biomedical Sciences at University College, London (UCL), will also serve as deputy to Provost Earl Lewis and as professor of ophthalmology at the School of Medicine. He will begin his new post on July 3.

“Santa’s considerable administrative experience in strategic planning and student academic services, as well as his enthusiasm for innovative research and teaching, are ideal for this new role. I am confident he will make great contributions to the university and provide key leadership as we work to achieve Emory’s immediate and long-range goals,” said Lewis.

As vice provost, Ono will work with other senior staff to coordinate
the implementation of the university’s strategic plan and oversee specific projects.

“It is a distinct honor to join Emory,” said Ono. “Emory is a stunning institution, both steeped in tradition and renowned for its pioneering spirit. But it is the university’s future that has attracted me to join the provost’s office. On the landscape of leading global universities, there are very few that will keep pace with what shall be accomplished at Emory in the next ten years.”

Ono received his undergraduate degree in biological sciences at the University of Chicago and his Ph.D. in experimental medicine from McGill University in Montreal. He finished his postdoctoral training in the department of biochemistry and molecular biology at Harvard.

In 1992, Ono was appointed assistant professor of medicine, pathology and biology at The Johns Hopkins University, where he won both the American Diabetes Association Career Development Award and the Investigator Award from the National Arthritis Foundation. In 1996, Ono was recruited back to Harvard University, where he was an associate professor and director of the Immunity, Inflammation and Transplantation Focus Group at the Schepens Eye Research Institute. He was recruited to the GlaxoSmithKline chair at UCL and Moorfields Eye Hospital in 2001.

Ono has published more than 125 articles and scholarly abstracts and has been continuously funded as a scientist-researcher since 1985. He serves on the Medical Research Council’s Medical Advisory Board and College of Experts, and the Hypersensitivity, Autoimmune and Immune-Mediated Diseases Study Section of the National Institutes of Health.

Safe Water Initiatives Earn World Bank Awards
June 15, 2006

The World Bank’s Development Marketplace recently selected two projects from the Center for Global Safe Water (CGSW) as winners in its 2006 global competition. The winning proposals are for collaborative projects in Bolivia and Kenya that use income-generating local enterprises to increase access to safe water and improved sanitation in poor communities. 

The CGSW is a partnership among Emory University, CARE USA, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Housed in the Rollins School of Public Health, the center was formed to help improve access to safe water and adequate sanitation and to reduce the burden of waterborne disease and death. 

The two CGSW projects were among only 30 winners selected from more than 2,500 submissions. Winners will share $5 million for initiatives to provide clean water, adequate sanitation, and access to energy in developing countries. 

The Bolivia proposal will assess sanitation behaviors and attitudes in the community to identify key factors that relate to household latrine usage. Access to safe sanitation facilities is among the most effective ways to reduce diarrhea morbidity and mortality, which in Bolivia is among the highest in the Western Hemisphere. The project is led by Christine Moe, associate professor in the Hubert Department of Global Health.

The Kenya proposal builds on the existing Rotary Safe Water Project in Kenya’s Nyanza Province, and is a partnership among CGSW, the Rotary Club of Atlanta, and CDC. Its goal is to decrease water-related illnesses and generate income for rural women (in HIV/AIDS self-help groups) through sales of affordable household water treatment and safe storage products.
Almost three-quarters of Nyanza’s population rely on unsafe water sources to meet their daily needs. This claims the lives of many young children and AIDS victims suffering the effects of diarrhea. Poor roads make delivery of preventive household water treatment and safe storage products difficult and expensive. This project aims to mobilize 700 local women’s groups to teach other women in their communities about the approaches they can use for safe water; establish 1,500 vendors to distribute 25,000 affordable water treatment products per month; and give 200,000 people a safe water solution. The project is led by Trish Anderson, CGSW project coordinator in Nyanza Province, Richard Rheingans, research assistant professor in the Hubert Department of Global Health, and Rob Quick of CDC. 

To read the AE special issue on water, click here.

Creative Writing's Mitcham wins Townsend Award
June 8, 2006

Judson Mitcham, who teaches fiction part-time for Creative Writing, has won the Townsend Award for his second novel, Sabbath Creek. Mitcham also won the Townsend Prize for his first novel, The Sweet Everlasting. This is the first time in the twenty-four-year history of the award that an author has won the prize twice.

“I'm very moved by this. It means a lot to me as a Georgian,” Mitcham told the Atlanta Journal Constitution in a May 25 article. Mitcham was born in Monroe and has lived in Macon all his adult life. He was a poet before becoming an novelist, and he said that his hero is Savannah-born writer Flannery O’Connor. Mitcham taught psychology for years at Fort Valley State University, a historically black school near Macon, until his retirement in 2004.

Sabbath Creek tells the story of a friendship between a ninety-three-year-old black man and a fourteen-year-old white boy in a rundown South Georgia motel owned by a grumpy former baseball player in the Negro Leagues. The hotel becomes a refuge for the boy and his mother after their car breaks down.

The Townsend Prize is awarded every two years for an outstanding novel or short-story collection published by a Georgia author. The award, including a $2,000 prize, is sponsored by Georgia Perimeter College and the Chattahoochee Review. Winners are chosen by three anonymous out-of-state judges.

The award is named for the late Jim Townsend, founder of Atlanta Magazine and a former editor at the Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Previous winners include Alice Walker and Ha Jin, who was teaching at Emory at the time, as well as Celestine Sibley and Ferrol Sams.


Center for Health in Aging Hosts Art and Aging Contest
June 5, 2006

Emory medical student Riley Smyth was awarded the grand prize and $500 in the second annual Art and Aging contest. The contest is sponsored by the Emory Reynolds Program, a part of the Center for Health in Aging. 

Second place went to medical student Jesse Jung for his pencil sketch titled “The Touch,” and third prize was given to Jessica Keil Leeb, also a medical student, for a photograph taken in Thailand. Gabrielle Berger, the 4th place winner, submitted an original short script that focused on medical and psychosocial issues related to aging.

Smyth described his winning photo of snowfall on a flower: “I took this picture after the first snowfall in Wisconsin of a rose toward the end of its life as winter sets in. This picture is not the classical image of a beautiful rose, and the rose certainly does not look like it did when it was budding in its youth or growing during the summer months. However, its beauty is immediately recognizable as it stands with quiet dignity. A lifetime of marks on its petals add character and individuality to this rose. It think it is a powerful metaphor for aging, and a reminder that while youth may fade, beauty is ageless.”

The contest is open to all Emory medical students and residents. Essays, art work, photographs, and literary works are accepted, as long as they are “related to and expressive of aging.” Ten entries were submitted this year, and a total of $1,000 in prize money was handed out to the top four entries.

Though the awards were announced in May, an awards ceremony is planned for September. To view the winning entries, visit http://cha.emory.edu/reynoldsprogram/pastEvents/event9.html.


Emory Poet Appears on News Hour
May 17, 2006

Natasha Trethewey, associate professor of English and creative writing, appeared May 12 on the News Hour with Jim Lehrer. Trethewey, who was born in Gulfport, Mississippi, spoke about the impact that Hurricane Katrina has had on her life and read from her newest poetry collection, Native Guard. She is the author of three volumes of poetry.

“This is my first trip back to Gulfport since Hurricane Katrina,” said Trethewey, speaking from Gulfport. “It’s been over a year since I’ve seen the place, and it’s odd to come back her after having written this book, seeing the places that I was trying to elegize years ago when I first started working on these poems in a very figurative sense, because I was distant from these places—not that these places were actually gone.

“And now as I walk around here today, I realize that those poems that I wrote have become quite literal, that Gulfport really is destroyed and so many of those places that I connect to, my childhood and growing up, are no longer here. When I was born here in Gulfport in 1966, my parents’ interracial marriage was still illegal, and it was very hard to drive around town with my parents—to be out in public with my parents.”

[Reading from  her poem "Theories of Time and Space"]:

Bring only
what you must carry — tome of memory,
its random blank pages. On the dock
where you board the boat for Ship Island,
someone will take your picture:
the photograph — who you were —
will be waiting when you return.

 “We are going to Ship Island, the home of Fort Massachusetts, which is just off the coast of Gulfport. . . . We are going out there to try to remember the Louisiana Native Guards, who were the first officially sanctioned regiment of African-American soldiers—Union soldiers in the Civil War—who were stationed at the island. I used to come out here every Fourth of July as a child to picnic and swim on the island, to tour the fort and wander through it. And all that time, I never knew anything about the presence of black soldiers on the island. And so, for me, this is a way of trying to tell another history, a lost or forgotten or little-known history about these black soldiers who played an important part in American history.” 


Candler School of Theology Names Its First Woman Dean
May 12, 2006

Jan Love has been named dean of Emory University's Candler School of Theology. Love, who is currently chief executive of the Women's Division of the United Methodist Church's General Board of Global Ministries, will begin her tenure Jan. 1, 2007, as the first woman dean in the history of Candler, one of thirteen United Methodist seminaries.

Love, 53, has led the Women's Division of the United Methodist Church since August 2004. The division is the administrative arm of the one million-member United Methodist Women organization, which has an independently elected board of directors, a staff of about one hundred, annual expenditures of approximately $30 million, and programs and property in more than one hundred locations across the United States and in about one hundred countries around the world. In 2000, Love was honored by the United Methodist Council of Bishops for leadership in ecumenical arenas.

A native of Alabama and daughter of a United Methodist Minister, Love's work on global issues began as a seventeen-year-old high school student in the 1970s when she was nominated to serve on the denomination's Board of Missions. In 1975, she attended the World Council of Churches (WCC) meeting in Nairobi, Kenya, where she was first elected to the organization's central committee, a position she served until 1998.

In addition to her denominational leadership, Love also is an accomplished academic. She was a faculty member at the University of South Carolina from 1982-2001, where she served in various capacities including associate professor in the Department of Religious Studies (2001-2004), associate professor in the Department of Government and International Studies (1991-2001), and graduate director of international studies (1993-98). Also while at USC, Love served on the university's joint project with the Somalia National University, teaching a graduate level course in international political economy to mid-career civil servants in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Mogadishu, Somalia.

Love holds an undergraduate degree from Eckerd College, and master's and Ph.D. in political science/international relations from Ohio State University. Courses she has taught include international relations, international political economy, theories of political inquiry, comparative politics, and religion and world politics.

She is the author of scores of articles and book chapters, including "Is United Methodism a World Church?" in the book "United Methodism and American Culture," and "Can We All Agree? Governing the WCC by Consensus" in Christian Century, among others. She also has written two books on international relations: "Southern Africa in World Politics: Local Aspirations and Global Entanglements" (Westview Press, 2005) and "The U.S. Anti-Apartheid Movement: Local Activism in Global Politics" (Praeger Publishers, 1985).


National Academy of Sciences Elects Twelve Women to Membership
May 4, 2006

Twelve women are among the seventy-two newly elected members of the National Academy of Sciences. That’s down from the record nineteen women elected in 2005. The selections were announced on May 2.

Membership in the academy is considered one of the highest honors in American science, and members help to write reports on key issues in science that provide advice to policy makers.

According to the academy's leadership, the organization has been working to identify and nominate qualified women for election. The academy’s existing membership elects new members in a closed process that has been criticized by some, who liken it to an old boys’ club. Historically, the NAS membership has consisted overwhelmingly of white men.

Including its newest members, the academy now has 199 women among its 2,013 active members. That’s an increase of about 7 percent over 2001. The academy does not have a set any quota or special preferences for admitting women, because, it says, that might conflict with the goal of electing only the most qualified scientists.

The newly elected members include scientists from thirty-six universities. Harvard had the most new members, with six, followed by the University of California at Berkeley, with five. As is typical of its new members, most of the academic scientists work at one of the top fifty institutions, as ranked by how much research funding they get from the federal government. Only eighteen new members from twelve colleges were not from the top fifty group.

Read the Academic Exchange article "Women's Work? Gender equity in the hard sciences at Emory".


Vaccine Against A Cancer Moves Closer to Market
April 28, 2006

It’s very possible that with a single injection, humans will nearly eradicate some types of cervical cancer, a disease that kills approximately 270,000 women worldwide—and 4,000 in the United States—every year. The vaccine, named Gardasil, does not target cells directly, but directs its effects at several strains of human papilloma virus (HPV), two of which cause 70 percent of all cervical cancers. According to an April 3 article in U.S. News and World Report, the vaccine appears to prevent HPV infection from the two strains most strongly linked with cervical cancer 100 percent of the time.

“It's been a jaw-dropping experience to see protection like this,” Kevin Ault, an obstetrician and gynecologist at Emory’s School of Medicine, told the magazine. “Look, I analyzed data from 20,000 patients from five different continents. And we saw complete effectiveness against lesions that could become cancer. When this vaccine is approved, my oldest daughter, who is nine now, is going to get it.” Ault co-authored a key study of the vaccine that appeared in the journal Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Garadsil is nearing the end of the investigational process. In June, the FDA is scheduled to decide whether to approve the drug for marketing. According to sources quoted in the U.S. News article, regulatory clearance is not a foregone conclusion, but the consensus seems to be that it is highly likely.


Emory Neuroscientist First To Hold New Chair at Emory
April 20, 2006

Clinton D. Kilts, Professor and Vice Chair for Research in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, will be the first holder of the Dr. Paul Janssen Chair of Neuropsychopharmacology at Emory. 

As Janssen Professor, Kilts will help advance the leadership position of Emory's Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences in the study of neuropharmacological mechanisms of drug actions. He plans to expand his investigations into the mechanisms and pharmacological treatment of drug addiction, schizophrenia, and other disabling mental illnesses. 

Kilts’ current research focuses on functional brain imaging and behavioral genetics. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), he has studied the physical manifestations of cognition and the brain’s response to rewards and punishment, specifically its functioning in people with addictions or other cognitive diseases and disorders. Functional MRI can highlight subtle changes in the brain during different disease states and also the changes that correspond to various thoughts and emotions.

“Dr. Kilts has already completed work of national importance in his field using functional brain imaging to study the brain at work,” said Charles B. Nemeroff, chair of Emory's Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. “This is exciting, uncharted territory, at the intersection of mind and brain, where motivation, emotion and addiction arise.”

Kilts's previous work includes a somewhat controversial area of study called neuromarketing, in which MRI is used to determine how consumers evaluate products and advertisements, theoretically allowing companies to design more effective marketing campaigns. Critics called the practice unethical, but Kilts's defenders said that his detractors had severely distorted the facts.

Paul Janssen was a leading Belgian researcher, pharmacologist, and physician who founded Janssen Pharmaceutical in 1953. The company focuses exclusively on mental health. Among Dr. Janssen’s achievements were the synthesis of haloperidol (Haldol), the first antipsychotic medication that allows patients to be treated at home instead of in institutions; fentanyl, among the most widely used anesthetics in the world; and risperidone, still considered one of the largest milestones in the treatment of schizophrenia.

Physician Receives Grant to Study Gender, Depression, and Heart Attacks
April 13, 2006

Susmita Mallik, assistant professor of medicine, has received a four-year, $260,000 grant from the American Heart Association (AHA) to study possible links between gender, depression, and outcome of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), commonly referred to as heart attack.

The study is part of a nationwide registry that includes Emory University, the University of Missouri/Kansas City, Yale, Harvard, and fifteen other medical centers across the United States. The study will enroll 4,500 hospitalized AMI patients across the United States (800 of whom will come from Grady Hospital).

“Depression is very common in patients at the time of myocardial infarction,” said Mallik says. “About 20 percent of patients with myocardial infarction are depressed at the time of hospitalization, and for some reason, women are twice as likely to be depressed as compared to men at the time of a heart attack. Depression, it seems, is a very important and strong risk factor of adverse outcomes post myocardial infarction.” Mallik hypothesizes that depression is a stronger predictor of adverse outcomes in women following heart attacks than men, and may explain the higher risk of adverse outcomes in women.”

She added that the reason women have more depression is not certain. One possibility is hormonal differences, particularly in women who have been exposed to early trauma could play a role. Other reasons could be that women are more predisposed to psychosocial stressors, like caring for children and aging parents, lower incomes, lower education, and decreased healthcare benefits compared with men.

“This is the first study of its kind in the United States,” Mallik says.  "The AHA has really made this a priority due to the need for more awareness that women die more often after having a heart attack, and that depression is a very important risk factor for a worsened health status and higher death rates post AMI.”


Emory Neuroscientists Receive Sloan Foundation Fellowships
April 7, 2006

Peng Jin, assistant professor of human genetics, and Astrid Prinz, assistant professor of biology and neuroscience, have been awarded Sloan Foundation Research Fellowships. They are among 116 young scientists and economists selected as 2006 Sloan Fellows, representing faculty from 55 colleges and universities in the United States and Canada who show the most outstanding promise of making fundamental contributions to new knowledge.

Jin studies micro-RNAs (miRNAs), an important new class of small RNA molecules discovered less than a decade ago. Unlike most RNAs, whose job is to translate the genetic code contained in DNA molecules into proteins, miRNAs do not “code” for proteins. Instead, scientists believe they play a critical role in controlling gene expression, cell differentiation, and tissue development. Jin is studying the role of miRNAs in the brain, specifically in learning and memory, neurodegeneration, and regulation of gene expression. He plans to use his Sloan award to unravel the molecular pathogenesis of Fragile X syndrome, a commonly inherited form of mental retardation.

Prinz’s research combines experimental and computational methods to study pattern generation and homeostasis in small neural networks. Her model system is the stomatogastric ganglion in crustaceans, which is somewhat like a mini-brain that sits on the stomach of lobsters and crabs. It generates rhythmic nerve activity that governs stomach movements and helps the crustaceans chew up and digest food. The system is one of the best understood neural networks and is an ideal model for pattern generation, which is the neural process that generates the type of rhythmic nerve activity that people need for periodic behaviors such as breathing, walking, swimming, chewing, and the like.

The Sloan Foundation Research Fellowships allow scientists to continue their research with awards of $45,000 over two years. Fellows are free to pursue whatever lines of inquiry are of most interest to them. Candidates for the fellowships are nominated by department chairs and other senior scholars. Previous Sloan Fellows include thirty-four Nobel Prize winners.

Ethics Center Director Appointed to State Board of Medical Examiners

Georgia Governor Sonny Perdue has appointed Kathy Kinlaw, Acting Director of the Center for Ethics, as Public-at-Large Representative to the Georgia Composite State Board of Medical Examiners. Kinlaw will serve as the only non-physician representative on this thirteen-member board.

The mission of this independent executive agency is “to protect the health of Georgians through the proper licensing of physicians and certain members of the healing arts and through the objective enforcement of the Medical Practice Act.”

The board focuses on issues of education, training and professional conduct in its responsibility for licensing standards for physicians, physician's assistants, respiratory care professionals, acupuncturists, clinical perfusionists, and physician residents in training. The Composite Board also investigates complaints from consumers and reviews malpractice settlements and information from hospitals and other state medical boards.


Psychologist Kaslow receives National Award from APA

Nadine Kaslow, professor of psychology and chief psychologist at Grady Memorial Hospital, recently received the Presidential Citation Award from the American Psychological Association for her work in reaching out to psychology trainees and postdoctoral fellows in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.

After the hurricane struck, many young psychologists were confronted with the loss of training sites where they had expected to complete internships or postdoctoral fellowships. At least five training programs were either destroyed or disrupted, resulting in terrible hardships for the patients, faculty, and trainees at those sites. Kaslow personally called dozens of psychology training program directors across the United States and Canada to find training programs and fellowships for displaced interns and postdoctoral fellows. She received the award on February 18 during the American Psychological Association Council of Representatives Meeting in Washington, D.C.

Kaslow said the citation came as a complete surprise. “I thought the council just wanted to take a picture of me and my mother,” said Kaslow, who counseled and worked with at least seventeen predoctoral interns and five postdoctoral fellows at fourteen different sites throughout the United States and Canada to help rescue their training. “I don’t think it dawned on me until the president of the American Psychological Association started reading the plaque.

“It was such an emotional experience for me. These awards are very rare, and when your colleagues recognize you for something you did not do for an award, but because you simply wanted to help others in a time of tragedy, it is really special and meaningful.”


Emory Awarded Multi-Million Dollar Cancer Research Grant

The National Cancer Institute has awarded one of the largest lung cancer research grants—$7.5 million—in the United States to Emory’s Winship Cancer Institute. In addition, the Georgia Cancer Coalition, Georgia's public/private cancer research partnership, will provide additional financial support. 

The grant will help fund four scientific projects involving about forty researchers, clinicians, fellows, and technicians from ten departments in the health sciences. The primary goal of the collaborative project is to enhance therapeutic strategies for lung cancer.

“Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death in men and women, both in the United States and worldwide,” said Fadlo Khuri, associate director of the Winship Cancer Institute and director and co-principal investigator on the grant-related research. “Despite important advances in understanding the biology of lung cancer and the introduction of several novel chemotherapy agents, five- year survival for this disease remains at a dismal 15 percent.”

Khuri noted that the project aims to improve lung cancer therapy by better understanding how the cancer cells communicate through a process called cell signaling.  Researchers will study these cell-signaling pathways and how several drugs interfere with them and the ability of cells to communicate and reproduce.

Haian Fu, associate professor of pharmacology in the School of Medicine, and also co-principal investigator, noted that the team hopes to determine the most effective course of therapy for individual patients and predict sensitivity to new and established lung cancer therapies. “By utilizing data from a large international clinical trial that studied the most effective treatment sequence of chemotherapy and surgery among lung cancer patients, we hope to develop better, more personalized therapies,” said Fu. We also hope to find new drugs that only target cancer cells and their altered signaling pathways, leaving healthy cells alone.”


Buzbee authors Supreme Court brief

William Buzbee, director of the Emory Environmental and Natural Resources Law Program, co-authored an amicus brief in the biggest environmental law cases to come before the U.S. Supreme Court since passage of the Clean Water Act thirty-three years ago. Buzbee and colleagues at Stanford University wrote the brief for an unprecedented bipartisan joint submission by four former U.S. Environmental Protection Agency administrators.

The cases are a critical test for protection of America’s rivers and wetlands as well as the reach of the federal government’s power, said Buzbee. In the consolidated cases, Carabell v. United States and Rapanos v. United States, which went before the Court on February 21, the challengers, who are real estate developers, maintain that the Clean Water Act protects only “traditional navigable” waters (those suitable for use by commercial vessels) and those wetlands and streams directly adjacent to those waterways. That position would reverse the way the Act has been applied for the last three decades, explained Buzbee.

If that happens, at least 55 to 60 percent of linear miles of U.S. rivers and waters, including fishing, recreation, and drinking water areas, would be lost to federal protection from pollution discharges. “The stakes in these cases are huge,” Buzbee said.

According to the brief, “Petitioners’ arguments to exclude non-navigable waters and their adjacent wetlands from federal regulation strike at the very heart of the nation’s water pollution control programs.” In an unusual twist, the Bush administration, environmental groups, a large number of states, and Buzbee’s former EPA administrator clients are all in agreement that federal power should be upheld. Property rights groups, developers, and a few states are taking a strong contrary view.

The second big issue in these cases, the reach of the federal government’s power over commerce, will be the first major presentation of these issues to the Supreme Court since the appointment of Chief Justice John Roberts and Justice Samuel Alito.


Holocaust Denier Can’t Write Off Jail Sentence

Right-wing British historian David Irving may soon find himself behind bars, after an Austrian Court sentenced him to three years in prison for denying the Holocaust. According to the Associated Press, Irving admitted that he had denied the holocaust, which is a crime in Austria, the birthplace of Adolf Hitler.

In 2000, Irving brought a libel suit in a British Court against Emory’s Deborah Lipstadt, Dorot Professor and director of Jewish Studies, but lost after a protracted battle. The presiding judge in that case, Charles Gray, wrote that Irving was “an active Holocaust denier . . . anti-Semitic and racist.”

After pleading guilty in Austria, Irving insisted that he now acknowledges the slaughter of six million Jews. He also conceded that he had erred in contending there were no gas chambers at the Auschwitz concentration camp. He expressed sorrow “for all the innocent people who died during the Second World War.”
           
The Austrian verdict was welcomed by the Simon Wiesenthal Center, but not by Lipstadt. In an essay in the Times Higher Education Supplement (UK) on February 17, she wrote, “I support Irving's release for ideological and strategic reasons. Laws against Holocaust denial contravene the notion of free speech. Although I am not a free-speech absolutist, I have never been comfortable with censorship. The recent debate about the publication of the Danish cartoons depicting Muhammad has given added meaning to that stance. If one outlaws Holocaust denial, one can outlaw such cartoons. If one outlaws such cartoons, one can outlaw what Shiites say about Sunnis, Orthodox Jews about Reform Jews, and Baptists about Catholics. Simply put: there is no end to the matter.”
           
Irving claimed previously that Hitler knew little if anything about the Holocaust, and he has been quoted as saying there was “not one shred of evidence” the Nazis carried out their Final Solution to exterminate the Jewish population on such a massive scale. He has contended that most of those who died at concentration camps succumbed to diseases such as typhus rather than execution.
           
In his closing arguments, the state prosecutor criticized Irving for “putting on a show” and for not admitting that the Nazis killed Jews in an organized and systematic manner. He also called Irving “everything but a historian” and “a dangerous falsifier of history.” 
           
Irving appeared shocked as the sentence was read out. His lawyer said he would appeal the sentence. Irving has been in custody since his November arrest on charges stemming from two speeches he gave in Austria in 1989 in which he was accused of denying that Nazis’ killed six million Jews.
           
Irving also emphasized that the trial highlighted freedom of speech issues. “Of course it's a question of freedom of speech,” Irving said. “The law is an ass.”


Researchers Use Brain Imaging to Learn Whether Alzheimer's Can Be Detected Earlier

Emory researchers have received a $330,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and other organizations to study the use of brain imaging to identify and treat Alzheimer’s disease (AD) at an earlier stage. The multi-center research trial, called the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI), will focus on brain imaging studies (MRI and PET scans) and biomarker tests, together with measurements of memory, thinking, and daily functioning among three groups of volunteers.

“The goal of the study is to learn how brain imaging can be used most effectively to monitor changes in the brain in Alzheimer’s disease,” said Allan Levey, professor and chair of neurology and lead investigator of the ADNI study at Emory. “Most importantly, the study will determine if brain imaging can be used to predict which healthy elderly individuals will develop mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and which individuals with MCI will go on to develop AD.”

According to Levey, the field of aging and dementia has shifted toward trying to identify the earliest clinical signs of the process that is likely to evolve into AD. MCI has come to represent this transitional zone between the cognitive changes of normal aging and very early AD. MCI is most commonly described as a subtle but measurable memory disorder. A person with MCI has memory problems greater than normally expected with aging, but does not show other symptoms of dementia, such as impaired judgment or reasoning.

“Not all people with MCI will develop AD,” said Levey. “There are a variety of conditions that can cause MCI, including some that are reversible and others that don’t get worse over time. However, MCI is a risk factor for AD and many, but not all people with MCI, will develop AD. One of the outcomes of the study will be a better understanding of who does go on to develop AD.”

New Center to Speed Development of Innovative Patient Care Products, Procedures

Taking a lifesaving product or procedure from inspiration to innovative patient is a long, difficult path to navigate. With the establishment of the Emory Center for Device Innovation (CDI), researchers can turn to an institutionalized system to help them guide promising projects through the difficult “proof of concept” stage of development. With funding and support from the Robert W. Woodruff Health Sciences Center, the CDI will prepare projects for outside investment, product development, and commercialization, and will also help Emory faculty protect their ideas as patentable intellectual property.

“The key mission of the center is to streamline the process at Emory so that scientific discoveries can lead to therapeutic products that benefit patients,” said Omar Lattouf, a cardiothoracic surgeon and newly appointed director of the CDI. "Emory is the right place for developing patient-focused innovations and inventions and encouraging investment in new cutting-edge technologies that will bring less invasive procedures, shorter hospital stays, and speedier recovery.”

Academic scientists and physicians have traditionally struggled to get their discoveries out of the university and into the marketplace. They often lack the entrepreneurial knowledge to negotiate the process, and many universities have no mechanism to help them develop marketable inventions. The Emory CDI will help scientists and physician/inventors bridge that gap, providing guidance and funding for specific projects at crucial stages of development, according to Michael Johns, executive vice president for health affairs at Emory and CEO of the Woodruff Health Sciences Center.

The CDI, in close collaboration with the Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering at Georgia Tech, will initially focus on one of Emory's historic strengths—cardiac and vascular devices and therapeutics—and expand into other clinical specialties and strategic scientific areas across the various disciplines of the University.

Read the AE's previous coverage of knowledge transfer issues:

"Ideas for Sale: Will technology transfer undermine the academy or save it?" (December 99/January 2000)

"No Conflict, No Interest: Ethical considerations in technology transfer" (John Banja, February/March 2000)

"Money Changes Everything: Commerce, philanthropy, and the culture of the academy" (December 02/January 03)

"For Its Own Sake: When knowledge isn't for sale" (December 2004/January 2005).



What's in a name? For Emory, almost everything

A good number of local businesses include “Emory” in their names. But if Emory, the university, has its way, that number will drop to near zero, as the school steps up efforts to protect its trademarked name. Affected merchants aren’t happy.

According to a January 12 article in the Atlanta Journal Constitution, Kent Alexander, Emory’s senior vice president and general counsel, said the policing is part of the school's overall plan to become an internationally recognized destination university. He explained that businesses that use Emory in their names can confuse customers, who might assume the two are affiliated.  

Emory’s push to protect its name is part of a trend. Princeton, for example, has taken steps to limit unauthorized use of its name. Recently, the school demanded that Merrill Lynch, the nation’s largest brokerage firm, change its plans to use the Princeton name on some of its mutual funds (NY Times, Feb 2, 2006).

“Emory is at an incredibly dynamic point in its history,” Alexander said. “When people think of Emory, we want them to think of our university and our healthcare system, not an unrelated local business or apartment complex.”

Emory began serious attempts to limit the use of its name in 2004, when the university sued Vision Correction Group Inc., a LASIK eye surgery clinic, for using the Emory name. A federal judge issued an injunction protecting Emory's trademark and prohibited the use of the name by the group.

Since then, the university has reached legal agreements with many of the dozen or so Druid Hills-area businesses using Emory in their names, though they’re not happy about having to change their identity.

Michael Smith, a veterinarian who founded Emory Animal Hospital on Clairmont Road fifteen years ago, told the AJC he hasn’t landed on a new name for his practice. Smith said he named his business after the Emory area, not the university, and was surprised when the school sent him a letter a couple of years ago. Battling an entity with Emory’s clout wasn’t an option.

Attorney Chris Kellner of Emory’s general counsel’s office said the university will continue to pursue businesses using its name. “We are going to be proactive about it,” Kellner said. “We recognize the value of the Emory name.”


Emory Faculty Member Pens Award-Winning Play, Debut Performances Scheduled

Debut performances of the award-winning play/cantata, “Children of AIDS: The Grief and The Promise,” are slated for a special Emory event. The play, written by Emory professor emeritus of pediatrics and public health, André Nahmias, features children’s voices, organ, cello and African drumming, won a first prize at an international World AIDS Day Competition in December 2005. 

The drama depicts the grief of all children whose lives are affected by HIV/AIDS, and the promise that the tools needed to solve the major problems of this global tragedy are now available. Half a million children in the world are born every year with the AIDS virus and 2.5 million have already died of AIDS. Additionally, more than ten million have become orphans because of the death of their parents from AIDS. Music for the production was written by Tamara Albrecht, Director and Instructor for the Children's Music Development Center at Emory and organist/choirmaster at St. Bede's Episcopal Church in Atlanta,

Performances will be held Friday and Saturday February 3rd and 4th at 8:00 p.m., St. Bede’s Episcopal Church, 2601 Henderson Mill Rd, NE, Atlanta (Northlake area) A reception will follow. Reservations are strongly recommended as seating is limited.

Call: 770-983-9797  Ext. 41, or email promise@stbedes.org. All donations collected during these performances will benefit  the summer “Camp High Five,” in Rutledge, Ga., for children living with HIV/AIDS. Suggested donations are $8 for adults and $4 for students.

The performance is sponsored by the Center for AIDS Research, The Children’s Music Center of Emory University, the Names Project Foundation (AIDS Memorial Quilt), the New Covenant Community Church, and St. Bede’s Episcopal Church.


Open Meetings on Position of Vice Provost and Director of Libaries

From Gray Crouse, Chair of the Vice Provost and Director of Libraries Search Advisory Committee:

The Search Advisory Committee for the Vice Provost and Director of Libraries wishes to remind you of two open meetings that will be held this week to gather thoughts from the community about the desirable characteristics of the person who fill this position. The Committee will hold open meetings January 26 (THURS) from 12-2 in room 200 White Hall and January 27 (FRI) from 4-6 in room 400 of the Administration Building. Anyone who wishes to come and share thoughts about the work of the committee is invited to come. We expect the sessions to be open and voices from the floor are welcome, but we will give priority to anyone who has made an appointment to speak.

Appointments can be made by contacting Tomeca Kanu in the office of the provost at tkanu@emory.edu 727-7134.

To read the Academic Exchange article "Library Past, Library Present," click here.


Emory Nurse Earns Book of the Year Award

Emory nurse Mary Gullatte has received the 2005 Book of the Year Award from the American Journal of Nursing (AJN).

“The AJN Book of the Year competition is the nursing profession’s premier review of the best books related to nursing and healthcare, and the announcement of the awards is an eagerly anticipated event each year,” said AJN Editor-in-Chief Diana Mason. “The books chosen represent the highest standard of excellence in writing and publishing.”

According to the AJN, Gullatte’s book, Nursing Management: Principles and Practice, provides an in-depth review of general and oncology nursing management principles to guide the practice and development of nurse leaders and managers. The text includes practice tips, guidelines, and real world examples of management tools.

The AJN is the nation’s oldest and largest circulating nursing journal and one of the most highly respected. Its Book of the Year Award competition draws hundreds of submissions by authors from various fields within nursing.

“I am truly humbled and honored to be a recipient of the 2005 AJN Book of the Year Award,” said Gullatte, Director of Nursing for Inpatient, Oncology and Transplant Services for Emory’s Winship Cancer Institute. “The textbook is a reflection of teamwork, collaboration, and commitment to the profession of nursing and the patients we serve.”

A 27-year employee of Emory University Hospital, Gullatte has served in a variety of roles, including staff nurse and various management positions. She has served on the boards of the American Cancer Society and the National Oncology Nursing Society. In 2004, she was named Nurse of the Year by the Georgia Nursing Association. She also volunteers with organizations such as the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, and the Georgia Special Olympics. Gullatte is currently pursuing doctoral studies in cancer nursing research.

“This book is a wonderful addition to both oncology nursing and the profession at large,” said Marla Salmon, Dean of the Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing. “Far too little attention has been paid to how nurse leaders can create a context that promotes good care.”


Graduate School Welcomes New Dean

Provost Earl Lewis has announced the appointment of Lisa A. Tedesco as the new Dean of the Graduate School of Arts & Sciences. Tedesco will assume the post on May 1, pending approval from the Board of Trustees

Tedesco, whom Lewis described as an accomplished scholar and administrator, has authored sixty-nine peer-reviewed articles, one book, two monographs, and twelve book chapters. As a former president of the American Association of Dental Schools, she is widely known as a social science health educator concerned with health disparities, curriculum reform, and diversity in the healthcare workforce.

For the last decade and a half she has been a member of the faculty of the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, where she held several key, senior administrative posts. For six years she served as Associate Dean in the Dental School. During her tenure, significant change was introduced in areas related to curriculum, pedagogy, interdisciplinary research, and the establishment of a doctoral program. From 1998-2005 Tedesco served as Vice President and Secretary of the University and as Interim Provost.

“Her broad academic and administrative experiences, involvement in issues of great national importance, and keen sense of the challenges facing higher education in the next decade make her an exciting choice to head Emory University’s graduate school,” said Lewis.

From 1981 to 1992, Tedesco was a faculty member at the State University of New York at Buffalo.  She holds a BS from the University of Bridgeport, a Masters of Education and a PhD in educational psychology from the SUNY at Buffalo. Tedesco also has held grants from the NIH, the US Department of Health and Human Services, the National Institute of Dental Research and the WK Kellogg Foundation, among other agencies. 

Tedesco is currently a fellow at the Center for Community Health Partnerships at Columbia University, and is a member of the Sullivan Alliance, an outgrowth of the Sullivan Commission (Missing Persons Report) and an Institute of Medicine Committee to address healthcare workforce diversity (In the Nation’s Compelling Interest).