Emory Faculty Member Pens Award-Winning Play, Debut Performances Scheduled
Debut performances of the award-winning play/cantata, “Children of AIDS: The Grief and The Promise,” are slated for a special Emory event. The play, written by Emory professor emeritus of pediatrics and public health, André Nahmias, features children’s voices, organ, cello and African drumming, won a first prize at an international World AIDS Day Competition in December 2005.
The drama depicts the grief of all children whose lives are affected by HIV/AIDS, and the promise that the tools needed to solve the major problems of this global tragedy are now available. Half a million children in the world are born every year with the AIDS virus and 2.5 million have already died of AIDS. Additionally, more than ten million have become orphans because of the death of their parents from AIDS. Music for the production was written by Tamara Albrecht, Director and Instructor for the Children's Music Development Center at Emory and organist/choirmaster at St. Bede's Episcopal Church in Atlanta,
Performances will be held Friday and Saturday February 3rd and 4th at 8:00 p.m., St. Bede’s Episcopal Church, 2601 Henderson Mill Rd, NE, Atlanta (Northlake area)
A reception will follow. Reservations are strongly recommended as seating is limited.
Call: 770-983-9797 Ext. 41, or email firstname.lastname@example.org. All donations collected during these performances will benefit the summer “Camp High Five,” in Rutledge, Ga., for children living with HIV/AIDS. Suggested donations are $8 for adults and $4 for students.
The performance is sponsored by the Center for AIDS Research, The Children’s Music Center of Emory University, the Names Project Foundation (AIDS Memorial Quilt), the New Covenant Community Church, and St. Bede’s Episcopal Church.
Open Meetings on Position of Vice Provost and Director of Libaries
From Gray Crouse, Chair of the Vice Provost and Director of Libraries Search Advisory Committee:
The Search Advisory Committee for the Vice Provost and Director of Libraries wishes to remind you of two open meetings that will be held this week to gather thoughts from the community about the desirable characteristics of the person who fill this position. The Committee will hold open meetings January 26 (THURS) from 12-2 in room 200 White Hall and January 27 (FRI) from 4-6 in room 400 of the Administration Building. Anyone who wishes to come and share thoughts about the work of the committee is invited to come. We expect the sessions to be open and voices from the floor are welcome, but we will give priority to anyone who has made an appointment to speak.
Appointments can be made by contacting Tomeca Kanu in the office of the provost at email@example.com 727-7134.
To read the Academic Exchange article "Library Past, Library Present," click here.
Emory Nurse Earns Book of the Year Award
Emory nurse Mary Gullatte has received the 2005 Book of the Year Award from the American Journal of Nursing (AJN).
“The AJN Book of the Year competition is the nursing profession’s premier review of the best books related to nursing and healthcare, and the announcement of the awards is an eagerly anticipated event each year,” said AJN Editor-in-Chief Diana Mason. “The books chosen represent the highest standard of excellence in writing and publishing.”
According to the AJN, Gullatte’s book, Nursing Management: Principles and Practice, provides an in-depth review of general and oncology nursing management principles to guide the practice and development of nurse leaders and managers. The text includes practice tips, guidelines, and real world examples of management tools.
The AJN is the nation’s oldest and largest circulating nursing journal and one of the most highly respected. Its Book of the Year Award competition draws hundreds of submissions by authors from various fields within nursing.
“I am truly humbled and honored to be a recipient of the 2005 AJN Book of the Year Award,” said Gullatte, Director of Nursing for Inpatient, Oncology and Transplant Services for Emory’s Winship Cancer Institute. “The textbook is a reflection of teamwork, collaboration, and commitment to the profession of nursing and the patients we serve.”
A 27-year employee of Emory University Hospital, Gullatte has served in a variety of roles, including staff nurse and various management positions. She has served on the boards of the American Cancer Society and the National Oncology Nursing Society. In 2004, she was named Nurse of the Year by the Georgia Nursing Association. She also volunteers with organizations such as the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, and the Georgia Special Olympics. Gullatte is currently pursuing doctoral studies in cancer nursing research.
“This book is a wonderful addition to both oncology nursing and the profession at large,” said Marla Salmon, Dean of the Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing. “Far too little attention has been paid to how nurse leaders can create a context that promotes good care.”
Graduate School Welcomes New Dean
Provost Earl Lewis has announced the appointment of Lisa A. Tedesco as the new Dean of the Graduate School of Arts & Sciences. Tedesco will assume the post on May 1, pending approval from the Board of Trustees
Tedesco, whom Lewis described as an accomplished scholar and administrator, has authored sixty-nine peer-reviewed articles, one book, two monographs, and twelve book chapters. As a former president of the American Association of Dental Schools, she is widely known as a social science health educator concerned with health disparities, curriculum reform, and diversity in the healthcare workforce.
For the last decade and a half she has been a member of the faculty of the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, where she held several key, senior administrative posts. For six years she served as Associate Dean in the Dental School. During her tenure, significant change was introduced in areas related to curriculum, pedagogy, interdisciplinary research, and the establishment of a doctoral program. From 1998-2005 Tedesco served as Vice President and Secretary of the University and as Interim Provost.
“Her broad academic and administrative experiences, involvement in issues of great national importance, and keen sense of the challenges facing higher education in the next decade make her an exciting choice to head Emory University’s graduate school,” said Lewis.
From 1981 to 1992, Tedesco was a faculty member at the State University of New York at Buffalo. She holds a BS from the University of Bridgeport, a Masters of Education and a PhD in educational psychology from the SUNY at Buffalo. Tedesco also has held grants from the NIH, the US Department of Health and Human Services, the National Institute of Dental Research and the WK Kellogg Foundation, among other agencies.
Tedesco is currently a fellow at the Center for Community Health Partnerships at Columbia University, and is a member of the Sullivan Alliance, an outgrowth of the Sullivan Commission (Missing Persons Report) and an Institute of Medicine Committee to address healthcare workforce diversity (In the Nation’s Compelling Interest).
Public Health Professor First to Receive National Award
David Kleinbaum, Professor of Epidemiology in the Rollins School of Public Health, has been presented with the 2005ASPH/Pfizer Award for Teaching Excellence.
“This distinguished award recognizes the importance of teaching and mentoring future leaders if we are to effectively address the public health challenges of our time,” said Stephen Shortell, Dean of the University of California at Berkeley School of Public Health and chair of the American Society of Public Health Education Committee.
Kleinbaum received the award, along with a $10,000 cash prize, at the 2005 annual meeting of the American Public Health Association in Philadelphia on December 10. This is the inaugural year of the award, an annual honor to recognize graduate public health faculty who are notable for their teaching excellence. He was chosen from among nineteen nominees.
Kleinbaum has been a professor of public health for over three decades. In addition to his excellence as an educator, the award recognizes his work in epidemiology and his contributions to the field. Kleinbaum is the author of the “ActiveEpi” electronic textbook, among other texts he has authored on the subject.
Kleinbaum’s reputation in the classroom is one of intelligence and humor. “He is a truly gifted instructor. In class, he is extremely effective at getting his point across to students, and by using a unique style of humor and wit, he keeps students very interested in what might normally be considered ‘dry’ subject matter,” said Allison Curry, a doctoral candidate in the Department of Epidemiology at the Rollins School of Public Health, “I have not come across a teacher thus far who has made more of an impact on me than Dr. Kleinbaum.”
Book Production in the Digital Age
To the Editor:
I thought the Academic Exchange piece on digitization (Library Past, Library Present: The age of and angst of digitization, Dec/Jan 2005) was right on target. Anyone of a certain age remembers riffling through card catalog entries and it was great that you evoked that old image. I'm a heavy user of Emory’s digital library resources. What Emory offers in online accessibility, plus what's out there from other scientific sources, has made writing a science book infinitely easier. But it was good to be reminded that for some people printed materials remain central now, and maybe always will.
Out of curiosity, I went down the list of faculty books published in 2005 that was handed out at your annual reception for Emory authors. Judging only by titles, I determined the following breakdown:
|Natural Sciences (excluding medicine)
|Other (including pedagogy, business, fiction,unclassifiable from the title)
The humanists' production of books correlates with their stated need for books, not just electronic access. For the natural scientists, book writing has always taken a back seat to producing journal articles. Of course, articles rather than books fit right into a scientific culture where digital access has come to dominate print access, as your cover story pointed out.
Charles Howard Candler Professor of Physics
Library of Congress Kicks Off World Digital Library
The Library of Congress has launched a campaign to create the World Digital Library, reports the Washington Post. The project aims to produce an online collection of rare books, manuscripts, maps, posters, stamps, and other materials from its holdings and those of other national libraries that would be freely accessible for viewing by anyone with Internet access.
According to James H. Billington, head of the Library of Congress, the undertaking is the most ambitious international effort of its kind, and it will enable wide access to precious items of artistic, historical, and literary significance through the Internet. He added that his goal is to bring together materials from the United States and Europe, Islamic nations, and East and South Asia.
“We are aiming for a cooperative undertaking in which each culture can articulate its own cultural identity within a shared global undertaking,” Billington said. “We will go as far as we can. . . . The dream is that this could make a contribution, particularly among young people brought up in the multimedia age.”
The project is envisioned as a public-private partnership. Google, Inc., the first corporate contributor, has donated $3 million.
In the past year, Google has reportedly digitized about 5,000 books from the Library of Congress as part of a pilot project to refine the techniques to make copies of fragile books without damaging them.
Google’s own plans to digitize large portions of the library collections of Stanford University, Harvard University, University of Michigan, Oxford University, and the New York Public Library has been met by lawsuits from a group of publishers, the Authors Guild, and several individual authors, who allege copyright infringement and have sought injunctions and a halt to further infringements. Allan Adler, vice president for legal and government affairs of the Association of American Publishers, said Google's contribution to the Library of Congress, and the company's pilot scanning projects there, are unlikely to raise any thorny legal issues.
To read the Academic Exchange coverage of issues of digitization and libraries, visit http://www.emory.edu/ACAD_EXCHANGE/2006/decjan/lead.html
Link between diet and epileptic seizures studied
Researchers from Emory’s pharmacology department recently presented their latest findings on a special diet used to prevent epileptic seizures. The paper, coauthored by Raymond Dingledine, Professor of Pharmacology, and postdoctoral student Kristopher Bough, was delivered at the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience in Washington, D.C. held November 12-16.
The focus of the their research, the high-fat, calorie-restricted ketogenic diet, has long been used to prevent childhood epileptic seizures that are unresponsive to drugs. Physicians do not fully understood exactly why the diet works. Dingledine’s research, however, shows that the diet alters genes involved in energy metabolism in the brain, which in turn helps stabilize the function of neurons exposed to the challenges of epileptic seizures. This knowledge could help scientists identify specific molecular or genetic targets and lead to more effective drug treatments for epilepsy and brain damage.
“These findings support our hypothesis that a dietary regimen can dramatically affect the expression of genes and the function of neurons within the brain, which enhances the ability of these neurons to withstand the metabolic challenges of epileptic seizures,” said Dingledine.
The ketogenic diet causes molecules called ketone bodies to be produced as fat is broken down. Scientists have understood that these molecules somehow cause a change in metabolism leading to a potent anticonvulsant effect. According to some animal studies they also may limit the progression of epilepsy.
The Emory research team studied the link between diet and epileptic seizures on the behavioral, cellular, and genetic level. They found, as had others, that in rats fed the ketogenic diet, the resistance to seizures develops slowly, over one to two weeks, in contrast to rats treated with conventional anticonvulsant drugs. On the cellular level, they found that the anticonvulsant effect of the ketogenic diet did not correlate with a rise in plasma ketone levels or with a decrease in plasma glucose. Because longer treatment with the ketogenic diet was necessary to increase the resistance to seizures, they concluded that changes in gene expression might hold the key to the diet's anticonvulsant effects.
The researchers believe their new knowledge could lead to the
development of more effective drug treatments for epilepsy and brain damage. Because the diet enhances the brain's ability to withstand metabolic challenges, they also believe the ketogenic diet should be studied as a possible treatment for other neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's or Parkinson's diseases.
Celebrating Emory Faculty Authors and Editors of Books in 2005
All Emory faculty are cordially invited to a celebration of Emory faculty authors and editors of books published in 2005. We will celebrate over wine and hors d’oeuvres in the Druid Hills Bookstore on Tuesday, December 6, from 4:00-6:00pm. Please R.S.V.P. by November 28 to Gillian Wickwire, 712-9497 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
This event is sponsored by the Academic Exchange, the Druid Hills Bookstore, and the Office of the Bookstore Liasion.
A 20 percent faculty appreciation discount at Druid Hills Bookstore will apply from Monday December 5 to Friday December 9 and extends to all trade titles (non-textbooks), except law and reference books.
Bowman named 2005 AAAS Fellow
Emory chemist Joel M. Bowman has been elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Election as an AAAS Fellow is an honor bestowed upon members by their peers.
Bowman, chair of Emory’s chemistry department and the Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor of Theoretical Chemistry, is renowned for his work in theoretical and computational chemistry. His research examines chemical reactions and the vibration motions of molecules, with applications for atmospheric and interstellar chemistry and combustion. He was cited by AAAS “for distinguished contributions to reduced dimensionality quantum approaches to reaction rates and to the formulation and application of self-consistent field approaches to molecular vibrations.”
Awarded to 376 members this year, the individuals were chosen because of their efforts to advance science or applications that are deemed scientifically or socially distinguished. Bowman was among fifty-eight new fellows in the chemistry section. This year's AAAS Fellows were announced in the Oct. 28 issue of the journal Science and will be officially honored February 18 at the Fellows Forum during the 2005 AAAS Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C.
The tradition of AAAS fellows began in 1874. Founded in 1848, AAAS has worked to advance science for human well being through its projects, programs, and publications, in the areas of science policy, science education, and international scientific cooperation.
Pathologist receives prestigious American Heart Association award
Kenneth E. Bernstein, a distinguished service professor of pathology at Emory, is co-recipient of the 2005 Novartis Award in hypertension research from the American Heart Association (AHA). Bernstein is world renowned for groundbreaking discoveries that have transformed scientific knowledge about the link between kidneys, blood pressure, and cardiovascular function. Barry Brenner, MD, PhD, one of the world’s leading nephrologists and formerly chief of nephrology at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, is the other co-recipient. The Novartis Award is given annually to honor individuals for contributions to the fight against hypertension, vascular disease and cardiovascular disease.
This marks the second year in a row that the Novartis Award went to an Emory School of Medicine faculty member. Last year’s co-recipient was cardiologist David Harrison, professor of medicine and director of the Division of Cardiology, who was recognized for his breakthrough discoveries about the biological processes underlying blood vessel injuries that lead to strokes and heart attacks.
Over the past two decades Bernstein and his colleagues have been responsible for a number of key discoveries. In 1989 his laboratory was one of two in the world to clone and characterize angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), which controls the production of angiotensin II, the link between the kidneys and blood pressure control. His most significant discovery followed, when he cloned and characterized the gene for the angiotensin II receptor, which has become known as the AT? receptor. This receptor has since been shown to be responsible for virtually all of the physiologic and cardiovascular effects of angiotensin II.
“Angiotensin II is the central component of the complex and multifactorial process of blood pressure control,” Bernstein said, “and in the middle is the angiotensin II receptor, with its many effects on smooth muscle, the heart, the kidney, the adrenal glands, the brain, and the gut, all of which work coordinately to maintain blood pressure. By understanding and cloning this receptor we uncovered a powerful tool for studying the multisystem process of blood pressure regulation.”
“By aiding the development of medicines [that control blood pressure],” added Tristram Parslow, chair of Emory’s Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, “Dr. Bernstein’s research has benefited millions of Americans and saved many lives.”
New Specialization Blends Nursing and Theology
Emory’s schools of nursing and theology have joined forces to create an interdisciplinary program that explores issues of faith and health. The new program aspires to provide students with an understanding of health and faith by introducing them simultaneously to the principles and practices of nursing, religion, theology, and public health, and by teaching them how to integrate resources of faith and health sciences, according to Darla Ura, clinical associate professor at Emory's Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing.
The new specialization, in its pilot phase this fall, will be fully implemented by fall 2006, and be available to master's level students in nursing, theology, and public health.
Ura got the idea for the program a few years ago when she completed coursework in parish and faith-based nursing at the University of St. Louis. After developing the initial concept, she approached Karen Scheib, associate professor of pastoral care and counseling at Emory's Candler School of Theology, about establishing a joint certificate program.
“Nurse's roles have traditionally been with healing of the body,” said Ura. “However, in the past several years emphasis has been placed on the holistic person, [and we are] realizing that an individual's spiritual and religious beliefs impact health and healing. The program in faith and health provides nurses the opportunity to expand their knowledge of faith practices and the impact that religion and spirituality has in the healing process of each patient.”
It also presents an opportunity to undertake a truly interdisciplinary approach to studying the intersection of religion and health, added Scheib. “All religious traditions have healing practices. In the Western Christian tradition there are close links between the understanding of salvation and health. In the West, nursing had its origin in the monastery. In contemporary U.S. culture, we are faced with a split between religion and health. Since religion is such an important fact of life in the U.S., it is vital that both religious professionals and health professionals understand the way in which the faith of a person from any religious tradition can hinder or help healing.”
To read Karen Scheib’s essay on “practicing what we profess” in the Academic Exchange, click here: http://www.emory.edu/ACAD_EXCHANGE/2005/febmar/scheib.html.
To read the Academic Exchange special issue on religion, healing, and public health, click here: http://www.emory.edu/ACAD_EXCHANGE/2003/aprmay/lead.html.
Can meditation improve brain function and health? Emory scholars are joining the controversial fray. Charles Raison, assistant professor of psychiatry, and former Tibetan monk Geshe Lobsang Negi, senior lecturer in religion and chair of the Emory-Tibet Partnership, are conducting research on the mind-body connection and health. Their current work is designed to see if meditation reduces depression among college freshman.
Conflict over other meditation research broke out after the Dalai Lama was invited to speak next month at the annual meeting of the International Society for Neuroscience. Nearly six hundred brain researchers signed a petition urging the society to cancel the lecture, because they say the meditation research lacks scientific rigor and objectivity.
“By studying the centuries-old practice of Tibetan meditation, very interesting results are just beginning to emerge in how meditation can change the brain and physiology,” said Negi.
Raison added that there tends to be little understanding and trust between the domains of science and religion. “It's premature to make big claims on the power of meditation based on preliminary studies,” he said. “However, the study of advanced Tibetan Buddhist meditation techniques may provide us high-grade raw material to work with to get an understanding of how the mind functions.”
Meditation is also making its way into college curricula, according to an October 21 article in the Chronicle of Higher Education. Students in the University of Michigan’s School of Music can receive bachelor's degrees in jazz and contemplative studies, while at Brown, a religious-studies professor includes meditation “labs” among his course requirements. And Frank L. Maddox, associate professor of economics at Emory’s Oxford campus, asks students to meditate on pictures of poor people. “I might have them look at an image of something to do with poverty or globalization,” Maddox said, “then free write, then meditate, then look at the image again, then free write.”
Critics charge that there is no place for meditation in the academy, though neuroscientific research may make the practice more palatable. One study at the University of Wisconsin found that Buddhist monks were able to activate “positive emotion” centers in their brains when concentrating on compassion—in fact, the most experienced monks registered higher brain activity in those regions than had ever been recorded in a healthy person. But until there’s well-documented evidence supporting a link between meditation and health—or even learning, the controversy is sure to continue. “I did not come out of the [meditation] closet that much until I was tenured,” Maddox told the Chronicle, “and it was a good call.”
To read the full Chronicle article, visit http://chronicle.com/weekly/v52/i09/09a01001.htm.
To read an AE interview with Charles Raison and article about mind-body medicine, visit http://www.emory.edu/ACAD_EXCHANGE/2002/febmar/mindbody.html.
Baseball on—or in—the Brain
Watching the World Series may not be considered a useful adjunct to academic life at Emory—unless you’re taking Psychology 190, where it might be a homework assignment. The class, Science and Myth of Baseball, considers the sport as a useful metaphor for life, according to Professor Hillary Rodman, a neuroscientist and psychologist.
According to an article about the class in the October 16 Atlanta Journal Constitution, Rodman considers questions such as whether a clubhouse leader is worth a .212 batting average, or why making millions of dollars is so important to a player who “just loves the game.” Rodman, according to the article uses baseball to try to turn baseball into a prism through which they may view themselves. For examples, one of the topics covered in the class is the role of superstition on and off the field.
“A player might wear the same socks for a week, until his hitting streak is spent,” Rodman said. “A fan might always have to wear a specific T-shirt when watching at home. And a student might always have to bring a certain coffee cup or a certain piece of jewelry with them to the classroom when they take a test. We all do the same sorts of things.”
Sometimes, such unscientific activities actually pay off. “It's amazing how strong a hold beliefs like that can have on the mind of somebody who has a very high level of education—college students, faculty and the like—let alone a baseball player.”
In the case of the mediocre player who is a team leader, Rodman asks her class to figure out how to gauge such a player’s contribution to a team’s fortunes before and after he joined the roster. She also asks whether such an intellectual activity takes something away from the game by overanalyzing it.
According to Rodman, the class of fourteen consists of four Red Sox fans, three or four Braves fans, a few Phillies fans and a few, well, psychology fans—who, says Rodman, are among the most observant in the group.
Many women at elite schools consider family-career balance
Many women graduating from elite universities are giving more thought to a balancing careers and families, according to The New York Times.
“Many women at the nation's most elite colleges say they have already decided that they will put aside their careers in favor of raising children,” said the recent article. One noteworthy change in women’s attitudes has been that while two or three decades ago, many women expected to have full-time careers, a growing number now anticipate suspending or ending their careers after they have children.
Cynthia E. Russett, a professor of American history who has taught at Yale since 1967, told the Times that “women today are, in effect, turning realistic,” adding that she has noticed the change outlook among students.
The Times article also reported that interviews with female Ivy League undergraduate students revealed that roughly 60 percent said they planned to cut back on work or stop working entirely after having children. About half said they planned to work part time, and about half wanted to stop work for at least a few years. Only two women said they expected their husbands to stay home with the children while they pursued their careers, and two others said either they or their husbands would stay home, depending on whose career was most advanced.
The women said that pursuing a rigorous college education was worth the time and money because it would help position them to work in meaningful part-time jobs when their children are young or to attain good jobs when their children leave home.
“People have a heightened awareness of trying to get the right balance between work and family,” said Rebecca W. Bushnell, dean of the School of Arts and Sciences at the University of Pennsylvania. To read the Times article, visit http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F10A13FF38540C738EDDA00894DD404482
read the Academic Exchange article on gender differences
in the hard sciences at Emory, visit http://www.emory.edu/ACAD_EXCHANGE/2005/sept/lead.html
Tiny molecules mean big deal for Emory, Georgia Tech researchers
The joint biomedical engineering program of Emory and Georgia Tech will receive a $20 million federal grant to apply their findings to the study of cancer. According to the Atlanta Journal Constitution, the money will be used to create a research center that focuses on the study of tiny molecules that can drill into a cancer cell and kill it.
The recognition as one of seven national Centers of Cancer Nanotechnology Excellence is the culmination of several years of work by local researchers and puts both schools in the company of other nanotechnology research powerhouses, including Harvard and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
The Center of Excellence designation means that Emory and Georgia Tech will house one of the largest federally funded programs in the country for biomedical nanotechnology. The center will employ 75 researchers and administrators and will be headed by Georgia Tech scientist Shuming Nie, a nationally recognized nanotechnology researcher. Nie told the Journal Constitution that the grant money will help the center recruit researchers from around the world and develop nanoparticles that are linked to cancer profiling and treatment.
The schools joined forces in 1997 to create a biomedical engineering department, which is ranked third in the nation by U.S. News & World Report.
Jonathan Simons, director of the Winship Cancer Institute at Emory, said the selection and grant could help the institute win designation as a comprehensive cancer treatment center from the National Cancer Institute, a goal it has worked toward for several years. Georgia is the most populous state in the country lacking such a center, forcing some cancer patients to travel out of state for treatment. Simons said the new center's greatest promise is in treatment. Emory will conduct clinical trials using nanotechnology, and the creation of useful materials, devices, and systems used to manipulate matter at an incredibly small scale. “One day, you're going to get a biopsy, and at the end of the day, we'll be able to tell you how long we'll have to treat you and exactly how we will do it,” Simons said. “We'll be able to take every person's cancer and personalize it.”
Authors sue Google over university libraries digitizing project
Google has been hit with a lawsuit claiming that the Internet Powerhouse’s initiative to create searchable digital copies of several large university libraries constitutes massive copyright infringement. According to reports from the New York Times, the Associated Press, and other news outlets, The Authors Guild and three authors filed the suit in the United States District Court in Manhattan, seeking damages and an injunction to halt further infringements. The plaintiffs are seeking class action status. The authors listed as plaintiffs include Daniel Hoffman, a former consultant in residence at the Library of Congress and the author of many volumes of poetry, translation, and literary criticism; Betty Miles, an author of children's and young adult fiction; and Herbert Mitgang, the author of a biography of Abraham Lincoln as well as novels and plays.
The Times article states that “Each of the plaintiffs claim copyright to at least one literary work that is in the library of the University of Michigan, according to the suit. Michigan is one of three universities, along with Harvard and Stanford, that agreed last year to let Google create searchable databases of their entire collections. The New York Public Library and Oxford University also entered into agreements with Google, but only for the works in their collections that are no longer covered by copyright.” Google intends to make money from the project by selling advertising on its Web page. From the inception of the project, Google claimed it was covered by the fair use provision of the copyright law, and therefore is allowed limited use of protected works. A statement issued by Google said that its program respected copyrights: “We regret that this group has chosen litigation to try to stop a program that will make books and the information within them more discoverable to the world.” But in a prepared statement, Authors Guild President Nick Taylor said that “This is a plain and brazen violation of copyright law. It's not up to Google or anyone other than the authors, the rightful owners of these copyrights, to decide whether and how their works will be copied.
In August, Google suspended its library project to give authors and other copyright holders until November to decide whether to opt out of the program and withhold their works from being copied.
Important changes coming to University Teaching Fund
Arri Eisen of the biology department and chair of the University Teaching Fund makes the following announcement: The Faculty Council, in consultation with the Provost's Office, has decided to offer one more year of funding by the University Teaching Fund.We have extended the Fall deadline for proposals until Nov 10, 2005. The Spring deadline and all other guidelines remain the same as detailed at http://www.emory.edu/SENATE/facultycou/fac_cmtes/utf_bylaws.htm.This will be a transition year moving toward the development of a center for research and scholarship in teaching, which will continue to support teaching, but more completely--with monies, but also expertise in evaluation and other areas. The transition is being led by Claire Sterk in the Provost's Office. Look for announcements from UACT for visitors from other such centers around the country talking on Emory's campus in the coming weeks at http://www.emory.edu/TEACHING/.
Please contact Arri at email@example.com with any questions.
Men More Likely than Women to Win NIH Grants
A study by the RAND Corporation reveals that the
National Institutes of Health awards significantly more grants
to men than to women. The report was discussed in a September
14 article of The Chronicle of Higher Education.
According to the report, “Gender Differences in Major Federal
External Grant Programs,” analyzed the outcomes of grant
applications submitted by men and women to federal agencies from
2001 to 2003. The authors examined the probability of each application’s
being accepted, the amount of money sought, the amount awarded,
and the probability of the applicant’s applying again. The
study focused on the NIH, which accounts for 99 percent of the
research spending in the Department of Health and Human Services.
The report follows up on one released last year by the Government
Accountability Office that called on federal agencies to do more
to ensure that colleges and other recipients of federal grants
do not discriminate against women in mathematics, engineering,
and science (The Chronicle, July 29, 2004).
“I don’t see how federal agencies can possibly be
in compliance with Title IX if they don’t even track the
gender of their grant applicants, and Congress certainly can’t
oversee compliance without this basic information,” said
Oregon Senator Wyden (D) in a written statement. “It’s
time to make certain that these appropriated taxpayer dollars
are being distributed in accordance with federal law, in a way
that gives a basic fair shake to every applicant.”
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 bans gender discrimination
at institutions that receive federal funds and is best known for
fostering the rise of women’s sports programs. But the law
also applies to academic and research programs.
According to The Chronicle article, the report found
no gender differences in federal spending at the National Science
Foundation or the Agriculture Department over the three-year period
of the study. Female applicants for NIH grants in 2001-2003, however,
received on average only 63 percent of the money that male applicants
received. One-third of this disparity is explained by the underrepresentation
of women among the top 1 percent of NIH grant recipients. To
read the Chronicle of Higher Education article, visit
read the RAND Corporation report, visit http://www.rand.org/publications/TR/TR307/To
read the GAO report, visit http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04639.pdf
read the Academic Exchange article on gender differences
in the hard sciences at Emory, visit http://www.emory.edu/ACAD_EXCHANGE/2005/sept/lead.html
medicine clinic opens
Emory and Grady Hospital have opened a clinic
designed to provide specialized care to immigrants and refugees
who have either acquired various illnesses from their birth countries
or from travels outside the United States.
The clinic is specifically targeted at immigrants and refugees
seeking care for various tropical infectious diseases but do not
have adequate insurance for medical care, particularly costly
diagnostic tests. The staff also treats travelers who have returned
to the United States with an unknown illness. The clinic is open
the first Monday of each month, but its hours are expected to
grow as demand increases.
“We've been thinking about having a clinic like this for
a number of years and have wanted to be able to take care of immigrants
and refugees in a setting like Grady,” said Phyllis Kozarsky,
MD, professor of medicine and the clinic’s co-director,
who also serves as medical director of TravelWell, Emory’s
travelers’ health clinic. “While the education and
training of our physicians is excellent, it does not focus on
many of the chronic or acute illnesses that many immigrants may
bring with them or develop when traveling to visit their friends
Carlos Franco, professor of medicine and the clinic's director,
added that the clinic provides specialized care to immigrants
and refugees from countries that include Africa, Southeast Asia,
and Latin America. “Because we're experts in tropical and
infectious diseases, we believe we can make a difference with
treatment and hopefully provide a little bit of relief,”
So far, clinic physicians have treated a patient for lymphatic
filariasis, a disease transmitted by mosquitoes, and another for
schistosomiasis or bilharzia, a parasitic disease that people
acquire through contact with fresh water, and which afflicts more
than 200 million people worldwide. Most cases occur in Africa
and Southeast Asia. Screening is very important because the disease
can lead to liver or bladder disease. Psychiatric support is also
available for refugees and immigrants who are experiencing difficulty
transitioning to a new country.
Armelagos receives top professional honor
Emory anthropologist George Armelagos is the 2005
recipient of the Viking Fund Medal, an annual honor given to an
anthropologist for outstanding achievement in the field by the
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research. The award
recognizes achievements in anthropology that have transformed
the discipline through research, mentoring, and service. Previous
recipients include Margaret Mead, Louis S.B. Leakey, and Claude
“This tremendous recognition from his peers is a testament
to Dr. Armelagos’ many contributions and groundbreaking
work in the field,” said Emory College Dean Robert Paul.
“We’re very pleased to see him receive one of anthropology’s
Armelagos, professor of anthropology and chair of the department,
biological anthropologist. One of his foremost contributions has
been his role in the establishment, development, and promotion
of bioarchaeology as a field that combines physical and medical
anthropology, health sciences, and archaeology into the influential
multidisciplinary discipline that it is today.
Armelagos also has conducted influential work on the evolution
of food choice and the impact of agricultural transition on human
populations in terms of health and disease. This work has resulted
in a general theory of the evolution of human disease and the
epidemiological transitions that have taken place throughout the
course of human history.
The Wenner-Gren board of trustees will present the medal and a
$25,000 award to Armelagos at a reception Oct. 15. First awarded
in 1946, the Viking Fund Medal was presented to exceptional anthropologists
until 1972. Reinstituted in 2003, the medal rewards a scholar
still active in scholarship, pedagogy, and service to the profession.
Drug Developer Pours Funds Back Into Research
Raymond F. Schinazi, professor of pediatrics who
played a key role in the development of the anti-HIV drug Emtriva,
plans to invest $12 million in a new biomedical research company
in Atlanta. The funding will come from Schinazi’s share
of $210 million earned through the sale of royalty rights to the
drug, one of the most potent and effective AIDS drugs now in use.
Emory researchers Dennis Liotta, professor of chemistry, and Woo-Baeg
Choi will share the proceeds. Emory itself will pocket $315 from
the licensing agreement with Gilead Sciences, Inc. and Royalty
“I'm going to use some of my proceeds from my recent windfall
to reinvest in research,” said Schinazi in an article that
appeared in the Atlanta Business Chronicle and on MSNBC.
“I'm not going to put it in my pocket and just go fly-fishing
for the rest of my life.”
The start-up company, RFS Parma, will focus on developing antiviral
drugs to combat HIV and hepatitis C. Schinazi said that he’s
already hired two physicians and hopes to hire fifteen employees
in the next year.
Schinazi is also the founder of Pharmasset, Inc., which has pursued
drugs for HIV and hepatitis since it opened in 1998. In July,
however, the Atlanta-based company announced that it would move
to Princeton, New Jersey, to take advantage of the wealth of talent
in the pharmaceutical industry available in that region.
After founding the company, Schinazi remained a director of Pharmasset
until late June. “It's like my baby. It's like a parent
seeing their child go away and never come back,” he said.
“I'm extremely disappointed. I fought tooth and nail for
Pharmasset to stay in Atlanta because that was my dream.”
Scientists have wondered why some male prairie
voles are faithful partners and devoted fathers who spend a lot
of time with their pups, while others stray and neglect their
parental duties. Emory researchers may have found out why, but
whether the reason can also explain parallel behavior among humans
remains to be seen.
According to Larry J. Young, associate professor of psychiatry,
the variance stems from a genetic mechanism that allows for accelerated
evolutionary changes, and which depends on a highly variable section
of DNA that controls the gene, he wrote in a recent issue of Science.
The same mechanism is embedded in the human DNA sequence, according
to the researcher, though its precise influence on people’s
behavior has yet to be discerned.
voles, the control section of their DNA expands and contracts
as the creatures evolve so that the wild population will carry
sections of varying lengths. Male voles with long control sections
are monogamous and devoted to their offspring; those with shorter
control segments have multiple mates and aren’t as conscientious
The same variability exists in human DNA—at least seventeen
separate lengths have been detected, says Young. But a slew of
cultural and social influences make it very difficult to predict
whether individual men with longer control segments in their DNA
will have parenting skills that mimic those of the voles. He notes
that the findings contradict assumptions that discerning genetic
control of behavior would be too complicated to address: “The
nice thing about this story is that it tells you it's not complex,”
Young told the New York Times in an article that appeared
July 19th .
In response to an editorial in the July 27 Atlanta
Journal-Constitution that calls on Emory and its faculty
to "put health before wealth," Pat Marsteller, Senior
Lecturer in Biology and Director of the Emory College Center for
Science Education, takes Dr. George Rusk to task for his "proposed
solution and . . . the aspersions cast upon not only Emory University
but also upon the investigators."Marsteller
writes that the Bayh-Dole act results in "more and better
research for the future." She adds that other causes supersede
also clarifies that "Emory investigators, led by Dr. Dennis
Liotta, are working with developing nations, such as South Africa,
to assist them in developing and training an internal work force
to lead drug development and research in those nations. Liotta
worked with AIDS drugs manufacturers to ensure policies that provide
the drug at cost to developing nations."To
read Pat Marsteller's full editorial, click
read Marsteller's AE essay on "Teaching the Teachers: Reinventing
graduate and postdoctoral education," visit http://www.emory.edu/ACAD_EXCHANGE/2005/decjan/marsteller.html.
Deal Opens Questions about Money and Medicine
Last week brought the announcement that Emory
had inked a $525 million agreement to sell to two private companies
its royalty interests to Emtriva®, a drug developed by Emory
researchers for the treatment of HIV infection in combination
with other antiretroviral agents. The news sparked a Morehouse
Medical School faculty member to write a newspaper editorial titled
"Emory, please put health before wealth." "Fifty
years ago," writes Dr. George Rust, a professor of family
medicine, in the July 27 Atlanta Journal-Constitution,
"Dr. Jonas Salk refused to patent the polio vaccine his research
produced, in order that it might be widely disseminated for the
to reports, the three researchers—Dennis Liotta, Raymond
Schinazi, and Woo-Baeg Choi—will share 30 percent, or $210
million, of the sale. Rust writes, "Only the researchers
can decide how much of their . . . windfall they need to keep
in order to meet their own family needs, but Emory University
itself could establish a foundation with its portion, to assure
access to affordable HIV/AIDS drugs worldwide."According
to the official announcement, Emory's 60 percent share of the
deal—believed to be the largest sale of intellectual property
ever in higher education—"will be reinvested in Emory's
research mission following the terms of the Bayh-Dole Act passed
by Congress in 1980 to encourage commercialization of research
by universities." According to the AJC, President Jim Wagner
has said that "the funds will be invested in scientific reserach
and discovery, with a special emphasis on global health."To
read George Rust's editorial, click
read the official announcement of the agreement, click
read the Academic Exchange's continuing coverage of issues of
intellectual property and technology transfer in higher education,
Its Own Sake: When Knowledge Isn't For Sale"
(Dec 04/Jan 05)"Money
Changes Everything: Commerce, Philanthropy, and the Culture of
the Academy" (Dec 02/Jan 03)"No
Conflict, No Interest: Ethical Considerations in Technology Transfer"
for Sale: Will Technology Transfer Undermine the Academy or Save
It?" (Dec 99/Jan 00)