Linux on Laptop
The Linux operating system (OS) was created in 1991 by Linus Torvalds as he attended school at the University of Helsinki in Finland. Rather than keeping the Linux OS’s source code closed, Linus made the source code freely available to everyone. Linus also decided to give the GNU General Public License the responsibility for the development and release of licenses of the Linux OS. The Linux OS is free, reliable, secure, and open for modification.
Since its creation, there have been hundreds of organizations and individuals that have built upon the Linux OS to develop custom applications for their use and redistribution. “Linux’s functionality, adaptability, and robustness, has made it the main alternative for proprietary Unix and Microsoft operating systems.” It has been widely embraced as a reliable server platform but its adoption in the desktop market has been very slow. According to a recent online study conducted by Quocirca the top five barriers to migrating to Linux in the desktop environment are as follows:
1. Software availability and compatibility issues
2. Usability, end user acceptance and resistance to change
3. The costs and challenge of end user training and support
4. The cost and challenge of porting Windows applications
5. A frequently encountered dependency on Microsoft Active Directory