New Goodrich C. White chairs honor
the legacy of a former Emory president

The Board of Trustees confirmed the appointments of seven members of the Emory College faculty to distinguished professorships at its Dec. 12 meeting. The appointments are effective immediately.

Three faculty members were appointed to existing professorships. Frans de Waal was named the Charles Howard Candler Professor of Primate Behavior; Frances Smith Foster was named the Charles Howard Candler Professor of English and Women's Studies; and V. S. Sunderam was named the Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor of Computer Science.

Established by the Board of Trustees in 1960, the Charles Howard Candler Professorships represent the highest standards of outstanding teaching, creative scholarship, and distinguished service to the University.

Dobbs professorships were created in 1985 to recognize and honor achievements of younger Emory College faculty who have attained the rank of full professor.

Four faculty members were appointed to new named chairs honoring former Emory President Goodrich C. White. The White professors were proposed by College Dean David Bright last year "as a way of acknowledging the growing population of remarkable faculty in the College," said Bright. "Goodrich C. White Professors are exemplary members of the College community, admirable for their teaching and research and also for their selfless citizenship in the College." In selecting the first four White professors, Dean Bright consulted with associate deans of Emory College, department chairs and distinguished professors for recommendations. Five more Good- rich C. White professors will be named within the next two years, bringing the total to nine by 1999.
Faculty appointed to the inaugural White chairs are: Martine Watson Brownley, professor of English; Craig L. Hill, professor of chemistry; George H. Jones, professor of biology; and Robert Pastor, professor of political science and director of Latin American and Carribean Studies at The Carter Center.

Each professor has been recognized not only for research projects significant in their fields, but also for their contributions to Emory as a teaching and learning institution. Following are some of the research and accomplishments each has achieved:

Frans de Waal, a Dutch-born zoologist and ethologist, published his third book, titled Good Natured: Origins of Right and Wrong in Humans and Other Animals last March (Harvard University Press), and has received wide popular and scientific acclaim for his work. De Waal has authored two other award-winning books on primate behavior, in addition to numerous scientific papers. De Waal wants to "keep doing what [he's] doing," which is collective and individual research in several areas: food chaining in species or the reciprocity of sharing; conflict resolution in primates; and social cognition in primates and the degree to which it is based on decision making. He is currently working on a book titled Bonobo: The Forgotten Ape with National Geographic photographer Frans Lanting.

Frances Smith Foster, who just finished editing The Norton Anthology of African-American Literature, recently received a Fulbright scholarship to teach in the spring semester at the University of Leiden in Holland as the Walt Whitman Professor of American Literature. English department Chair John Sitter called her work "invaluable and groundbreaking" not only in the area of 19th century slave narratives, but also in her recovery of early novels in her field. Foster plans to "get serious on her next project"-the study of African American literature as a moral imperative-after her return from Holland. "This is the first time someone in women's studies has received a Candler professorship, which is kind of fun," Foster said. "It helps people realize there are scholars in women's studies out there."

V. S. Sunderam, whose research is in distributed computing systems and includes computer networking and concurrent processing, is currently leading the Collaborative Computing Frameworks (CCF) project that involves several Emory faculty, postdoctoral fellows and students. The goal of CCF is to create virtual work environments or "collaboratories" (a location-independent laboratory in which researchers can collaborate) using computer workstations, campus networks and the Internet. "People at different universities, offices or even at home, can collaborate on a project in real time, as if they were simultaneously in the same laboratory," Sunderam said. "Our research involves inventing the enabling technologies and tools for such systems, and we are fortunate to have an excellent multidisciplinary team working on this project. The Dobbs professorship will help this project and others tangibly by providing supplemental research support."

Martine Watson Brownley, formerly director of women's studies, spans several fields of literature in her work. She works in 18th-century British literature and in "contemporary literature by women," according to Sitter. "She has universal breadth, both historically and generically," Sitter said. "The convergence of literature and politics is a consistant thread, and she is also interested in political themes in narratives by women." Brownley said she is "interested in women novelists in the political state, which comes out of my four years as women's studies director. I was trained in 18th century literature and taught a lot of women's literature."

Craig L. Hill, who works on several major scientific topics, aims to "develop innovations that impact society in a significant way." One of his main projects, the development of an environmentally friendly paper-making process, has received high acclaim and engages key laboratories, top research and development administrators, scientists and engineers from several pulp and paper companies. The project is funded by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Department of Energy. In addition, Hill is working on the development of "intelligent molecules as catalysts molecules that have a sense of their own properties, sense damage and try to heal themselves." The result, according to Hill, would be "applicable to any number of things that degrade." This project is funded by the National Science Foundation.

George H. Jones, former dean of the Graduate School, studies the mechanisms and regulation of antibiotic synthesis, which can be used in "clinical and veterinary medicine worldwide." His research into these systems is funded by the National Institutes of Health. "The system I'm studying is susceptible to other systems and is not as well characterized as other systems," Jones said. "There's a lot we need to learn before we come to an ultimate outcome."

Robert Pastor, whom political science department chair Thomas Walker lauded for his "extensive service to both the College and The Carter Center," is currently working on several projects in Latin American and Carribean Studies, as well as projects in other regions. "Even though he's had incredible demands on his time, Pastor has kept a high quality research and teaching agenda," Walker said. Pastor is currently organizing a conference on hemispheric agriculture and will accompany the Carters on a trip to Latin America this month. He also is working on several books and articles. Pastor's topics include the role of Congress in North American policies, the evolution of the foreign policies of the six major world powers in the 20th century, and the Clinton administration's Latin American policy and how it should be modified in his second term.

-Danielle Service

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