Newsletter  Volume 2 Issue 16
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July 11
Lunch Colloquium

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July 21
Seminar:  Sleeping Well at Any Age

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July 4, 2016

This issue of our newsletter is sent to members and friends of the Emory University Emeritus College (EUEC). I hope the newsletter will help keep you informed about our activities and help you feel connected with our members throughout the U.S.  On the left are links to our website and links to contact either me or the EUEC office.   

With best wishes,

Gray F. Crouse
Director, EUEC
In this Issue:
DirectorMessage from the Director

As we celebrate this July 4, it is appropriate to reflect on the Declaration of Independence, one of the founding documents of this country. There is much to ponder: the beauty of the phrase "that all men are created equal" contrasted with the reality of who was, and who was not, included in that phrase is something we should never forget. One of the three "certain unalienable Rights" listed is the "pursuit of Happiness." To modern ears, "pursuit of Happiness" seems to be a curious choice for a fundamental right. Emory Report has just published an updated interview with Religion Professor Brent Strawn about how "pursuit of Happiness" should be interpreted; the interview is well worth reading. One clear message that comes out in the interview is how essential it is to understand the context of that phrase, both within the document and within the historical period. That, of course, is exactly what a good liberal arts education should provide, and we are so fortunate to be part of a University that has so many scholars as thoughtful as Brent Strawn.
Another advantage of being at Emory, and being part of EUEC, is experiencing true interdisciplinarity. John Bugge is leading another Interdisciplinary Seminar this fall (see the announcement below). These seminars provide an opportunity for EUEC members from all schools and disciplines to come together and discuss the same topic from many different viewpoints. The Life of the Mind just doesn't get much better than that!
EUEC members stay busy and this issue reports on just a few. Rudi Makkreel writes about his work that was supported by a Heilbrun Fellowship, and there is information from faculty working in South Africa, England, California, and Georgia! I encourage others of you to let us know about your activities. Such information can be particularly valuable for faculty viewing retirement as the end of their scholarly and intellectual life!
Our summer programs continue to be amazingly varied. You can read the report of Mario DiGirolamo's Lunch Colloquium and read about Herb Benario's Lunch Colloquium next week. Our Membership and Development Committee is also sponsoring a program on sleep by an Emory expert on the subject (who knew?)--I hope you will be able to come to both of these programs.

I am very grateful to John Bugge, Herb Benario, and Gretchen Schulz for help with proofing and editing.  
LCJul11TopLunch Colloquium July 11

Opposition to the Nazi Regime: Two Incidents

Room 112-114

Herbert W. Benario, Professor Emeritus of Classics

Click here for more information
LCJune20TopLunch Colloquium June 20

How Photography Has Enriched My Life

Mario DiGirolamo, Professor Emeritus of Medicine and Physiology

SleepTopJuly 21--A Program Sponsored by the Membership and Development Committee

Did you know that Emory has a Program in Sleep?  On July 21 we have the opportunity to learn a lot about sleep from one of the Program's leaders, including the intersection of aging and sleep, in a program entitled:

TO SLEEP, PERCHANCE TO DREAM: Sleeping Well at Any Age
Thursday, July 21, 2016
The Luce Center, Room 130
2:00 to 4:00

HeilTopHeilbrun Report by Makkreel

The Heilbrun Distinguished Emeritus Fellowships are fellowships for emeritus faculty in the Arts and Sciences and are funded by a generous contribution from the family of Emeritus Professor of Psychology Alfred B. Heilbrun, Jr.  In their 15-year history, they have been an important resource in facilitating the research of many EUEC members.  Rudolf Makkreel was awarded a Heilbrun Fellowship in 2014, and in this issue he reports on the results of the research it helped to fund.

IDSTopInterdisciplinary Seminar for Fall 2016

John Bugge is proposing to lead another Interdisciplinary Seminar this fall.  Information about the topic and how to sign up is included below.

FacAcTopFaculty Activities

Click here to read about our faculty, Cory Kratz, Steve Nowicki, Howard Kushner, and Larry Taulbee.

We note the passing of EUEC Member Peter Fong.

Oxford Organic Farm

Last October 12, EUEC took a field trip to the Oxford Organic Farm for its Lunch Colloquium.  You can read about the farm and the Lunch Colloquium in Newsletter Issue 2 and Issue 3 of last fall.  Produce season has begun and the farm sells its produce at the Oxford Farmers Market on Thursdays from 3-6 pm and at the Emory Farmers Market (on the Cox Bridge) once a month, on the last Tuesday of each month in the summer, and weekly thereafter from 11am-3pm (or until the supply is exhausted).  They also have a CSA, that is, a Community Supported Agriculture program for weekly pickup of fresh produce, with weekly pickups at Oxford and on the Emory campus.  Full details can be read by clicking here.

LCJul11BotLunch Colloquium July 11
Part of the memorial "Block der Frauen" by Ingeborg Hunzinger, commemorating the Rosenstrasse protest. Photo by Niki Sublime from Boston, USA

Opposition to the Nazi Regime: Two Incidents

Herbert W. Benario, Professor Emeritus of Classics  

Herb will share his research into two major instances of nonviolent protest against the Nazis that occurred right in the middle of the war, one in Munich, called "The White Rose" or "Die Weisse Rose" movement, and one in Berlin, called "The Rosenstrasse" movement. Both movements have been the stuff of stories (told in print and music and film) and other memorializations.

About Herbert W. Benario

Herb is one of the founding members of EUEC and because he retired so young, has one of the longest experiences as an emeritus professor of any of our members.  (How many of our current members retired before 1987?)  He was one of the initial recipients of the Heilbrun Distinguished Emeritus Fellowship (in 2001) and was a recipient of the Distinguished Emeritus Award in 2008.  The tribute to Herb in 2008 given by David Bright serves as a good introduction to Herb's career:

Herbert W. Benario: Classical Scholar and Teacher, Colleague, and Friend
Exactly sixty years have passed since you graduated from the City College of New York, but signs of your New York origins have persisted, from the inflections of your speech to your love of opera. So also have your ancestral links to Europe, not least in the deep knowledge of German scholarship that has fostered the perfectionism evident in your own research.
After City College, you remained in New York to earn your M.A. from Columbia (1949) before heading to Johns Hopkins where you completed your doctorate in Classics, under the redoubtable Henry Rowell, in only two years. Then after serving your country in the Korean Conflict (1951-53), you returned to Columbia to teach for five years. Following a sojourn at Sweet Briar you came to Atlanta in 1960. Here you have stayed for forty-eight years, a key figure in the fortunes of Classics on the Emory campus until your retirement in 1987, and an interested, engaged observer of the scene in your Emeritude.
Over the years you have had five particular passions: family, classics (these two in part overlapping in your wife Janice, herself a noted classicist), opera, track, and travel. Your encyclopedic knowledge of opera and of world track competition shows the same thoroughness, the same exuberant admiration of expert and nuanced performance that marks your disciplinary work; your standards are evident in the 125 scholarly book reviews you have published to date. The professional world has reciprocated with an enthusiastic assessment of your work, as you have won awards at every level beginning with Phi Beta Kappa, through an American Council of Learned Societies Fellowship, a Fulbright Professorship in Passau, and most recently a Heilbrun Emeritus Fellowship from this very body in 2001-02. You have also been a leader in two major classical organizations, holding office and, together with Janice, endowing travel awards for undergraduates.
But the most remarkable facet of your record is the abundant stream of writings since 1953, as scholar, teacher, and professional citizen. The tally today stands at 285 published items: not only all those reviews, but ten books and over a hundred articles; add to all that a steady flow of papers and invited lectures. The bulk of your work focuses on the great Roman historian Tacitus, on whom you have long been a leading international authority (it is a lovely irony that you have said so much about an author whose name is the Latin word for Silent).
For many, retirement brings scholarly activity to a halt, or at least slows it down considerably. Since you retired, you have published sixty works (including five books), made nearly fifty trips to Europe, and taught at Brigham Young University and Emory's Center for Lifelong Learning. Your energy is an example to all in retirement-indeed, even to those still far from it. Long may you persist as a pacesetter!

SleepBotJuly 21--TO SLEEP, PERCHANCE TO DREAM: Sleeping Well at Any Age

                    Edith F. Honeycutt Chair in Nursing
                    Professor and Director of Graduate Studies
Topics include:
                        -A description of normal sleep including stages and durations
                        -Change in sleep patterns across the lifespan
                        -Common sleep problems associated with aging
                        -Symptoms requiring evaluation by a sleep specialist and treatment
                        -Questions and Answers

About Ann Rogers

A nationally renowned sleep expert, Ann joined the Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing in June 2010. Her distinguished research career spans three decades and focuses on patients' narcolepsy, as well as adult populations who obtain insufficient sleep.


My interest in sleep began during the early 80s when I noticed a disconnect between what the literature was describing in terms of what it was like to live with narcolepsy and what a close family member had experienced. From that initial introduction to sleep medicine, my interest shifted from neuroscience to excessive daytime sleepiness.  Since that time, my research has focused on excessive daytime sleepiness, whether due to pathology (narcolepsy) or insufficient sleep.  The Staff Nurse Fatigue and Patient Study, which I directed, was the first to document the adverse effects of nurse work hours on patient, nurse, and public safety. I am currently finishing a study evaluating the efficacy of combining sleep extension with a diet and exercise protocol to promote weight loss and planning my next study evaluating a novel intervention for mild obstructive sleep apnea.

Education & Training:
  • BSN (Nursing) University of Iowa (1975)
  • MS in Nursing, University of Missouri-Columbia (1980) 
  • PhD, Northwestern University (1986)
Board Certification:
  • American Academy of Sleep Medicine (1987)
  • Fellow of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (1988) 
  • Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing (2001) 
  • Recipient of the American Academy of Nursing Media Award (2004) 
  • Member of Institute of Medicine's Committee on Optimizing Graduate Medical Trainee Resident Hours and Work Schedules to Improve Patient Safety (2007-2008)
  • American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) Pioneering Spirit Award (2015)
You can read more about the Emory Program in Sleep and Ann Rogers with the following links:

LCJune20BotLunch Colloquium June 20

How Photography Has Enriched My Life

Mario DiGirolamo, Professor Emeritus of Medicine and Physiology

Mario DiGirolamo began taking photographs in his teens while exploring his native post-war Rome either on Boy Scout outings or on his own. The quality of his photos was greatly enhanced when he found a really nice camera (a Rolleiflex) in his father's desk drawer, and after some angst on his father's part about Mario rifling through his things, he was allowed to keep the camera.
For the June 20 colloquium, Dr. DiGirolamo first provided brief biographical information about his life and his career in medicine, and his research and teaching, and then a fascinating visual journey through his years in photography. He studied medicine in his native Rome, came to New York's Columbia University for residency, and was recruited to Emory's School of Medicine for teaching and research, first in endocrinology, then geriatric medicine and gerontology. His colleagues in the Colloquium audience described him as a well-respected colleague and a much-loved teacher. He has won teaching awards, writing awards, research awards, fellowships, and other honors. He sits on the editorial boards of a half-dozen journals and reviews manuscripts for at least a dozen more.
Entering the Eternal City, Aurelian Wall, Rome, Italy, 1955 
He has published two books of black and white photography, Sole e Ombra/Sun and Shadow in 2000 and Visione: A Midcentury Photographic Memoir in 2015, a work recognized in a special exhibit by Atlanta's Fine Art Photographic Gallery, Lumière. He also has collected some of his recent color photographs in a book he titled Abstractions, etc.
DiGirolamo's interest in photography spans several eras in the evolution of photography -- from taking photos with the aforementioned twin lens Rolleiflex and developing black and white film in the bathroom he shared with his three brothers, to using digital cameras and downloading images from memory card to printer as he began to do 10 to 12 years ago. Recently he scanned all his film negatives to digital format, allowing him to further edit and refine photos taken many years ago. And today he uses a small point-and-shoot camera to photograph familiar and found objects and create stunning color abstract images. He has no formal training in photography and credits much of what he has learned to participation in camera clubs. Beyond images from his native Italy, his collection of photographs includes images from his travels and participation in professional conferences around the world.
Silent Procession, in the Alps, Italy.  1961 
"Two point eight billion photographs are taken every day, but are they an art form?" In response to his own question, DiGirolamo provided three essential components constituting an art form: the technical aspects, the composition, and a meaningful message. To support this thesis, he provided on screen for the audience many examples of his stunning black-and-white images, which focus on light, angles and lines, interesting composition, and feelings captured or evoked. Describing this work in Visione, he says, "As a scientist I am drawn to study people in their environment. As a photographer, I am compelled to portray the human presence in a strong compositional framework. The locale never mattered. It is the people, expressions, light, shadows and angles that I cannot resist." While he does not often give titles to his photographs, he invited the audience to suggest some as he showed the photographs. The responses clearly indicated that he achieves his objective of eliciting feeling with the pictures. Interestingly, use of the Rolleiflex, held at the waist, enabled him to take many of the photographs without the subjects' knowledge, though he said he often spoke with them afterward.
He concluded his formal presentation with several color abstractions from ordinary objects found in nature, junk yards, etc. including a pallet of yellow-wrapped packages, ropes reflecting sunlight, a deteriorating fence on Tybee Island, and a female figure seen through glass blocks. As he says in his introduction to Abstractions, etc., "There is beauty all around us. Some is well delineated, other is less defined, often of an abstract quality. Colors, textures, shapes, volume, juxtapositions all evoke memories of time and places relived in a lifetime."
Fence on Tybee Island 
While welcoming questions and comments throughout the presentation, DiGirolamo concluded the session with a lively and interesting question-and-answer session. A question of particular interest had to do with the ethics and legality of taking photographs of people without their permission. He responded that it is perfectly legal to take pictures of people when they are out in public. Of course, an objection to being photographed should be respected by the photographer. He also shared that he is now working on a book of portraits from around the world.  
These words from Brooks Jensen, Editor of LensWork, in the Introduction to Visione: A Midcentury Photographic Memoir, summarize well the nature and quality of DiGirolamo's work: "Photography is - or should be - about life. Work filled with life, moments, people expressions, activities, gestures, and the very stuff of life.... It is the life in the photos that makes them so interesting, while simultaneously being a testament to DiGirolamo's sensitive eye and skill with the camera."
--Jerry Williamson
NewBotNew Members

New members are the lifeblood of any organization.  If you know any of these faculty, please make a special effort to welcome them to EUEC!


Arlene Chapman, MD, Professor Emerita of Medicine 


Frank Maddox, PhD, Associate Professor Emeritus of Economics

Timothy W. Olsen, MD, Chairman Emeritus of Ophthalmology, Professor of Ophthalmology


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IDSBotInterdisciplinary Seminar for Fall 2016

The topic for the Fall 2016 Interdisciplinary Seminar will be "Twentieth-Century Paradigm Shifts."
The seminar will take a longitudinal view of the entire twentieth century in hopes of identifying events, trends, and major discoveries that had profound and lasting influence on the fields in which they occurred. The idea is to investigate major "paradigm shifts," those deep-structural inflections or realignments of fields and disciplines that have changed the way we understand what those fields do and are about, and consequently how scholars handle research, interpretation, and commentary.
The seminar will meet once a week on Thursday from 1:30 to 3:30 p.m. starting in mid-September and running into early December.  Each participant agrees to make a presentation of no more than an hour's duration on a topic of his or her own choosing and to provide a short list of readings ahead of time on which the presentation and subsequent discussion will be based.  In past seminars members have normally spoken about their own fields of specialization, but there is no requirement to do so, and a spirit of free inquiry prevails.
Any member of the Emeritus College with an interest in the subject is cordially invited to take part.  Those who would like to participate should contact John Bugge at as soon as possible, but before the end of July.

We recently received notice of the death of Peter Fong, Professor Emeritus of Physics, on March 25, 2016, in Manhattan Beach, CA.  Peter received a PhD in 1953 in theoretical geophysics at the University of Chicago, joined the Emory Faculty in 1966, and retired in 2005.  An old website of his states the following: 

Peter Fong, Professor of Physics at Emory University, is the author of seven books, including Elementary Quantum Mechanics, Foundations of Thermodynamics, Statistical Theory of Nuclear Fission, Perspectives in Sinology, Physical Science Energy and our Environment, and about one hundred publications in nuclear physics, astrophysics, thermodynamics, quantum mechanics, molecular biology, geophysical sciences, philosophy, history and social studies. He is best known in the world scientific community for his statistical theory of nuclear fission. He is also a freelance columnist contributing to The New York Times, The Christian Science Monitor, the San Francisco Chronicle, The Atlanta Journal, and the Atlanta Constitution. 
FacAcBotFaculty Activities

Corinne A. Kratz
Emory Director, African Critical Inquiry Program
Professor Emerita of Anthropology and African Studies
ACIP participants Ruchi Chaturvedi, Victoria Collis-Buthelezi, Aaron Kamugisha, Premesh Lalu, and Cory Kratz

EUEC Member Cory Kartz recently returned from South Africa where she was working with the African Critical Inquiry Programme, which is supported by the Ivan Karp and Corinne Kratz Fund.  The first half of this year's ACIP workshop centered on a visit from Aaron Kamugisha, of University of the West Indies, Cave Hill. (See picture above.)  You can read much more information about the workshop and other ACIP activities by reading the latest ACIP newsletter.
Steve Nowicki
Candler Professor of Psychology Emeritus   

EUEC member Steve Nowicki is currently doing research at Bristol University.  Above is a poster announcing a recent seminar he gave in London.  Steve also served as an EUEC Ambassador; he and one of his Bristol colleagues met with the Vice Chancellor of Bristol University to describe the benefits of establishing an organization like the Emeritus College.  Their meeting, scheduled for 15 minutes, went over an hour! 

Howard I. Kushner
Nat C. Robertson Distinguished Professor, Emeritus
Department of Behavioral Sciences & Health Education
Rollins School of Public Health

Howard is one of our many members who now lives out of state (in California).  Although retired, he is still extremely busy, enjoying the best parts of academic life.  He writes:

I am completing a book entitled On the Other Hand: Left Hand, Right Brain, Mental Illness, and History, to be published by Johns Hopkins Univ. Press in 2017--I have been working writing grants and participating in seminars at both UCSD and SDSU--people have been very nice to me here and I plan to focus my energies in the joint Graduate School of Public Health.  In any case I have more time for intellectual pursuits than when I was a member of 4 departments and programs @ Emory-- now free from meetings and inevitable rivalries-- so oddly enough retirement has opened many doors and freed me to enter them or not. Of course Emory provided me much that made the rest possible.

James Larry Taulbee
Associate Professor Emeritus of Political Science

EUEC Member Larry Taulbee reports the following:

First, the 11th edition of my text, Law Among Nations will be published in Feb 2017. In addition, I just received the notice from my publisher that my two-volume set Blood and Conscience, will now, after a short delay with production staff, also be out Feb 2017. In addition, if all goes well, a follow-on project aimed at the general public dealing with 25 war crime trials and their significance will be published late in 2017, while a 3rd volume in the Blood and Conscience series, On Terrorism, will appear early in 2018.

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HeilBotHeilbrun Report by Rudolf A. Makkreel

I have been asked to report on how the Heilbrun Distinguished Emeritus Fellowship that I was awarded for the 2014-15 academic year has contributed to my scholarship. First of all, I used it to complete a manuscript that I had been working on for a long time. Its title is Orientation and Judgment in Hermeneutics and it has now been published by the University of Chicago Press. The term "hermeneutics" refers back to the Greek word for interpretation, evoking the image of Hermes, the messenger god, who mediates between Zeus and mortals. For many centuries, hermeneutics was devoted mainly to the interpretation of religious omens, signs, and texts. In nineteenth-century Germany, the scope of hermeneutics was secularized by philosophers such as Wilhelm Dilthey to cover the understanding of any historical and cultural text or artifact that is distant from us and needs to be made more accessible. In the twentieth century, hermeneutics became a core philosophical discipline concerned with human limitations that stand in the way of proper understanding and interpersonal communication. The famous philosopher Hans-Georg Gadamer (1900-2002) redirected hermeneutics to the prejudices that we inherit from our Western tradition and that frame our self-understanding. Whereas Enlightenment philosophers had been hostile to their medieval heritage and hoped that by grounding knowledge mainly on reason, all prejudices would disappear, Gadamer claimed that not all prejudices are bad. Some prejudices are deeply rooted in our Greco-Roman tradition and are based on practices that served our ancestors well. Like Gadamer, his followers think that a communal dialogue in which different prejudices are brought into play will gradually update and revise them. I am proposing that in our global age when we can no longer rely mainly on our Western tradition to guide us, the Gadamerian dialogical approach to hermeneutics should be replaced with a more focused diagnostic approach. We need to orient ourselves to the various contexts (cultural, economic, political, and scientific) that impinge on us as we make sense of our life and interact with others from around the world in pursuing our ends. The prejudices that we have inherited from our own background must be more actively tested to assess what should be rejected and what if anything may still be accepted. Orientation and critical judgment are needed, not only to understand others and arrive at an evaluative assessment of them, but also to better understand ourselves.

Two national philosophical associations have scheduled sessions on my book to debate some of the more technical issues about the kinds of cognitive and normative judgments that I apply to hermeneutics. Some judgments are determinant in explaining things by subsuming them to generalizations such as laws. Other judgments are more provisional and organize things structurally to help us apprehend them as part of some larger scheme. The latter kind of judgment is especially needed in the humanities, where we must understand the complex meaning of things before even trying to explain them. These are reflective judgments that are partly cognitive and partly evaluative.

All this serves as background for the new proposal for which I received my Heilbrun grant. This is to reinterpret Kant's critical philosophy to come up with a more comprehensive understanding of the nature of experience. Kant is best known for articulating the ideal conditions that we bring to experience to make it intelligible in universal terms and make scientific consensus possible. As cognitive subjects we order the contents of sense as part of a formal space-time continuum that makes them mathematically measurable. But even more important according to Kant is the fact that we also provide the basic categories whereby those contents can be conceptually linked in terms of lawful regularities. These categories are not analytically derived from perception like the concept of a tree or a dog. They are synthetic or apperceptive concepts that we contribute to experience and lead us to expect lawful relations such as a cause-effect nexus throughout all experience. What Kant is claiming here is that we must consider every event in nature as an effect that has a prior cause, even if we haven't found it yet. One could ask how does such an a priori judgment differ from an ordinary prejudice? The answer I would give is that they involve very different kinds of pre-judgment. Kant's a priori categories are formal principles that project overall unity and coherence for experience through further inquiry. Prejudices, by contrast, are content-claims that tend to be based on limited experience and foreclose further inquiry.

According to Kant it is an a priori principle of scientific cognition that we will need to regress indefinitely to adequately explain what we experience. This entails that we may not rely on the assumption of a first cause. Is it then a prejudice to claim that God created the world? Here Kant would answer that science is only about the material world and in that context we cannot make sense of an unmoved mover. Thus, from the perspective of scientific understanding, we cannot know there to be a God. From the perspective of reason, however, dogmatic claims (prejudices?) about God can be transformed into a priori postulates about a spiritual being that can be made relevant to our moral demands on ourselves. Thus, for moral reasons, Kant thinks it is perfectly rational to believe that there is a God. But at the same time, he cautions that we may not regard God as the legislator of the moral law, for that would take away our autonomy. It would be more appropriate to think of God as an ideal judge who can guide our conscience. Kant's new paradigm for philosophy thus distinguishes two kinds of lawfulness. There are laws of nature that we can only anticipate schematically in terms of their form. Their content will be determined empirically through experimentation. The laws of morality, however, we must prescribe to ourselves in terms of content as well as form. The content of any maxim of action that I propose to carry out must pass the rational test of being universalizable.

I have contrasted a priori principles and prejudices, but I do not want to set them so far apart that their interplay in human experience is overlooked. Indeed, these two modes of pre-judgment must be integrated into Kant's theory of experience. It is conveniently ignored in the standard literature that Kant speaks at length in his lectures on logic about the prejudices that affect us as we grow up and how they influence our attitude to the world. Because prejudices have been passively accepted they must be questioned, but Kant also stresses that we should see whether there might not be some kernel of good that can be salvaged from them through reflection. How this process of reflection about the prejudices we have assimilated is to be brought into relation with the more active and legislative activity of acquiring scientific cognition is not explicitly worked out by Kant. Yet there is enough material in Kant's notes and reflections to provide a possible answer. I will argue that regarding the prejudices we have assimilated, Kant is willing to rely on the more traditional Cartesian method of gaining clarity and distinctness through analysis. Kant claims that this method is inadequate for finding lawful regularities in our experience of the world, but this does not rule out its relevance for reflecting about the content of the prejudices that can constrain and distort so much of our experience overall.

From a hermeneutical perspective, I will distinguish three ways of making sense of our experience. There is the assimilative-analytical reflection that must be applied to what each of us is personally given in perception and contextually pre-given in terms of inherited prejudices. At the same time, there is the acquisitive-synthetic framework of meaning that we project to structure experience universally through shared intellectual capacities and expectations of determinate order. Finally, there is what I will call an appropriative-normative contribution to experience that assesses its overall significance for our life. This third or appropriative aspect of experience allows us to speak of "lived experience."

So far I have completed drafts of several chapters that deal with the first two kinds of activities whereby we shape our experience. But more research is still needed to refine my interpretation of Kant and his historical background. Concerning the third appropriative dimension of human or lived experience, I have published several articles about the moral, aesthetic, and anthropological writings of Kant and Dilthey that I can make use of to complete the new book project before senility strikes.

--Rudolf A. Makkreel, Charles Howard Candler Professor Emeritus of Philosophy

WalkBotWalking the campus with Dianne

Did you recognize the door in our last photo?  It is the revolving door at the rear entrance of Emory University Hospital.  I took the photo from the inside looking out.  As far as I know, it's the only revolving door on Emory's campus.  If you know of another, please enlighten me!

Where to next?  Most buildings on the Emory campus are known for those wonderful red terra cotta rooftops; however, there are a few buildings with a more modern style and nary a piece of terra cotta in sight.  This next photo depicts one of those buildings. 

Where Will You Find This on Emory's Campus?

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Emory University Emeritus College

The Luce Center
825 Houston Mill Road NE #206

Atlanta, GA 30329


Emory University Emeritus College, The Luce Center, 825 Houston Mill Road NE #206, Atlanta, GA 30329
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