In The News

Unintentional Drug Overdose Deaths with Kratom Detected
CDC - 4/12/2019
Kratom, a plant native to Southeast Asia, contains the alkaloid mitragynine, which can produce stimulant effects in low doses and some opioid-like effects at higher doses when consumed.

An Alcohol-Free Pregnancy is the Best Choice for a Healthy Pregnancy
NOFAS - 4/8/2019
In observance of April’s Alcohol Awareness Month, the National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (NOFAS) is raising awareness about the risk of prenatal alcohol exposure and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).

FDA Confirms 'Dangerous' Levels of Heavy Metals in Some Kratom Products
FDA - 4/4/2019
Final results of tests performed by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on 30 kratom products confirm the presence of heavy metals, including lead and nickel, at concentrations not considered safe for human consumption, the FDA said Wednesday.

MSACD Helped Coordinate the 2019 Substance Abuse Prevention Advocacy Day
Emory - 4/4/2019
The Center for MSACD helped coordinate the 2019 Substance Abuse Prevention Advocacy Day at the Georgia State Capitol.

Opioid Epidemic is Increasing Rates of Some Infectious Diseases
NIH - 4/3/2019
The United States faces a converging public health crisis as the nation’s opioid epidemic fuels growing rates of certain infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, heart infections, and skin and soft tissue infections. 

FDA Investigating Reports of Seizures After Vaping
FDA - 4/3/2019
Some people who use e-cigarettes have experienced seizures following their use, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warned today, calling it "another potential emerging safety" issue with the nicotine-vaping devices.

Changing Perceptions of Harm of e-Cigarette vs Cigarette Use Among Adults in 2 US National Surveys From 2012 to 2017
JAMA Network - 3/29/2019
In 2 nationally representative multiyear cross-sectional surveys of US adults, the proportion who perceived e-cigarettes to be as harmful as or more harmful than cigarettes increased substantially from 2012 to 2017.

Childhood Lead Exposure May Affect Personality, Mental Health in Adulthood
JAMA Network - 3/27/2019 
The link between childhood lead exposure and long-term cognitive deficits is established, but can such exposure also influence personality and mental health later in life? In this JAMA Psychiatry study, researchers tracked hundreds of children for more than 30 years to find out.

A Call to Keep More Moms and Babies Safe
NICHQ - 3/19/2019
Preeclampsia, a dangerous disorder where a mother’s blood pressure spikes during pregnancy, is one of the leading causes of maternal and infant illness and death. According to the American Academy of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG), it has increased 25 percent in recent decades.

Maternal Smoking Before and During Pregnancy and the Risk of Sudden Unexpected Infant Death
AAP News & Journals - 3/18/2019
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is an established risk factor for sudden unexpected infant death (SUID). Here, we aim to investigate the effects of maternal prepregnancy smoking, reduction during pregnancy, and smoking during pregnancy on SUID rates.

Rate of Life-Threatening Childbirth Complications Increasing Sharple Across US Racial, Ethnic Groups
NIH - 3/5/2019
Racial and ethnic disparities in severe maternal morbidity — life-threatening maternal complications associated with childbirth — have persisted and increased at high rates among U.S. women, according to an analysis of nearly 20 years of California hospital records funded by the National Institutes of Health. 

Maternal Circulating miRNAs that Predict Infant FASD Outcomes Influence Placental Maturation
PubMed - 3/4/2019
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), like other pregnancy complications, can result in placental insufficiency and fetal growth restriction, although the linking causal mechanisms are unclear. 

Use of Electronic Vapor Products Before, During, and After Pregnancy Among Women with a Recent Live Birth — Oklahoma and Texas, 2015
CDC - 3/1/2019 
Electronic vapor products (EVPs) comprise a diverse group of devices, including electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes). EVP users inhale an aerosol that typically contains nicotine, flavorings, and other additives.

Vaping Rises Among Teens
NIH News in Health - 2/28/2019
A new survey found an alarming rise in the number of American teens who tried vaping last year. The study suggests that vaping may be driving an increase in nicotine use for teens.

Optimizing the Timing of Vaccine Administration During Pregnancy
JAMA Network - 2/25/2019
Vaccination during pregnancy is an important strategy to protect infants from life-threatening infections during the first months of life.

Assessment of Changes in the Geographical Distribution of Opioid-Related Mortality Across the United States by Opioid Type, 1999-2016
JAMA Network - 2/22/2019
As the opioid epidemic evolves, it is vital to identify changes in the geographical distribution of opioid-related deaths, and the specific opioids to which those deaths are attributed, to ensure that federal and state public health interventions remain appropriately targeted.

Leveraging Existing Birth Defects Surveillance Infrastructure to Build Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Surveillance Systems
CDC - 2/22/2019
Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a drug withdrawal syndrome that can occur following prenatal exposure to opioids.

Women Hit Hardest by Opioid Crisis
HRSA - 2/21/2019
The national opioid epidemic, generally recognized as the greatest public health crisis since the dawn of the HIV/AIDS virus, is indisputably hardest on women, experts said at a Feb. 5 session -- the first in a series of planned meetings convened by HRSA to crack the problem of patchwork treatment and patient support for women in many parts of the country.

Increased Methamphetamine, Injection Drug, and Heroin Use Among Women and Heterosexual Men with Primary and Secondary Syphilis
CDC - 2/15/2019
During 2013–2017, the national annual rate of reported primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis cases in the United States increased 72.7%, from 5.5 to 9.5 cases per 100,000 population.

Increased Methamphetamine, Injection Drug, and Heroin Use Among Women and Heterosexual Men with Primary and Secondary Syphilis
CDC - 2/15/2019
During 2013–2017, the national annual rate of reported primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis cases in the United States increased 72.7%, from 5.5 to 9.5 cases per 100,000 population.

Two Decades of Data Reveal Overall Increase in Pain, Opioid Use Among US Adults
NIH - 2/13/2019
Prompted by a call from the National Academy of Medicine, then the Institute of Medicine, for improved national data on pain, a recent study provides new insights concerning pain trends and opioid use for pain management. 

Tobacco Use by Youth is Rising
CDC - 2/12/2019
Youth tobacco product use in the US is increasing at an alarming rate and you can help stop it.

Baby Your Baby: Marijuana During Pregnancy
KUTV - 2/11/2019
What you put into your body while pregnant can affect your baby’s development. This is why marijuana is not recommended during pregnancy. Whether you’re smoking, vaping, or eating it, there is no safe way to use marijuana during pregnancy.

Mother's Immune Profile May Influence Prenatal Alcohol Exposure Outcome
NIAAA - 2/11/2019
A new study has found that alcohol use during pregnancy can affect a woman’s immune system in ways that may predict her child’s neurodevelopmental outcome. 

Inexpensive Supplement for Women Increases Infant Birth Size
NIH - 2/11/2019
For women in resource-poor settings, taking a certain daily nutritional supplement before conception or in early pregnancy may provide enough of a boost to improve growth of the fetus, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health.

Drinking While Pregnant: An Inconvenient Truth
New York Times - 2/5/2019
Pregnant women are given a long list of medical recommendations that can come across as patriarchal don’ts: Don’t eat raw fish. Don’t consume deli meats. Don’t do hot yoga! Don’t drink. There’s scientific evidence that these activities can have negative impacts on the health of the fetus, but the one that seems to be the source of most debate is alcohol.

The Opioid Epidemic and Maternal Health: Three Opportunities for Change
NICHQ - 2/8/2019
Opioid use disorder in pregnancy has increased dramatically across the country in the last decade, bringing with it increased health risks for mothers and babies.

How to Help Kids with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorder
Star Advertiser - 1/30/2019
The National Institutes of Health estimates that between 2 and 5 percent of children in the U.S. show signs of prenatal alcohol exposure. Fetal alcohol syndrome disorder now appears to be more prevalent than autism spectrum disorder.

How to Avoid Hidden Toxins During Pregnancy
Yahoo News - 1/28/2019
From the moment you find out you're pregnant, your desire to keep yourself and your child as healthy as possible kicks into high gear. 

Alcohol, Smoking and Other Drugs: Why Ten Fingers Plus Ten Toes Doesn’t Always Equal the Whole Story
MotherToBaby - 1/28/2019
Carly called and I could hear the stress in her voice immediately. She had been smoking marijuana on weekends and having a glass of wine most evenings with her dinner. 

NCBDDD Making a Difference Across the Lifespan: From Saving Babies to Protecting People
CDC - 1/25/2019
Welcome to the National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD) Fiscal Year 2018 Annual Report. Please click on the following links to learn about our accomplishments and plans for the future.

Many Pregnant Women Don't Think Cannabis is Harmful, UBC Study Finds
CBC - 1/23/2019
A new report by researchers at the University of British Columbia has found that up to one-third of pregnant women believe it is safe to ingest cannabis during pregnancy.

Public Health Surveillance of Prenatal Opioid Exposure in Mothers and Infants
AAP News & Journals - 1/19/2019
The US opioid crisis is the public health emergency of our time and requires urgent public health action to monitor and protect the most vulnerable Americans.

Gastroschisis Trends and Ecological Link to Opioid Prescription Rates
CDC - 1/18/2019
Prevalence of gastroschisis, a serious birth defect of the abdominal wall resulting in some of the abdominal contents extending outside the body at birth, has been increasing worldwide.

Genetic Risks Play in Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
UW Health - 1/16/2019
A study of 84 twin/sibling pairs exposed to alcohol in utero shows that two fetuses exposed to identical levels of alcohol can experience strikingly different levels of neurological damage. 

Evaluation of State-Mandated Reporting of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome
CDC - 1/11/2019
From 2004 to 2014, the incidence of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) in the United States increased 433%, from 1.5 to 8.0 per 1,000 hospital births. The latest national data from 2014 indicate that one baby was born with signs of NAS every 15 minutes in the United States. NAS is a drug withdrawal syndrome that most commonly occurs among infants after in utero exposure to opioids, although other substances have also been associated with NAS. 

Drug Overdose Deahts Among Women Aged 30-64 Years
CDC - 1/11/2019
The drug epidemic in the United States continues to evolve. The drug overdose death rate has rapidly increased among women, although within this demographic group, the increase in overdose death risk is not uniform. 

Drug Overdose Deaths Skyrocket Among Women
US News & World Report - 1/10/2019
The drug overdose death rate among women aged 30 to 64 has soared since the turn of the century, climbing from 6.7 deaths per 100,000 in 1999 to 24.3 in 2017 – a 260 percent increase, the data show. 

Patterns of Prenatal Alcohol Use that Predict Infant Growth and Development
AAP News & Journals - 1/7/2019
In this study, we employ longitudinal cluster analysis to characterize patterns of prenatal alcohol exposure across gestation. This method allows for a more robust estimation of infants at risk for early deficits in growth and neurodevelopment and for earlier and more targeted interventions.

Individuals with FASD and the Courts
NASW - 1/7/2019
Any social worker employed ina court or a criminal justice environment is almost certain to encounter individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders(FASDs) regularly.